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Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 20 Estate Planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 20 Estate Planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 20 Estate Planning

2 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-2 Chapter Objectives Explain the use of a will Describe estate taxes Explain the use of trusts, gifts, and contributions Introduce other aspects of estate planning

3 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-3 Purpose of a Will Estate: the assets of a deceased person after all debts are paid Estate planning: the act of planning for how your wealth will be allocated on or before your death

4 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-4 Purpose of a Will Will: a legal request for how your estate should be distributed upon your death. If can also identify a preferred guardian for any surviving children

5 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-5 Purpose of a Will Reasons for having a will –Ensures that your estate is distributed as you desire –Beneficiaries (heirs): the persons specified in a will to receive a part of an estate –Intestate: the condition of dying without a will Court appoints an administrator who may not make the decisions you preferred

6 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-6 Purpose of a Will Creating a valid will –Minimum age — 18 or 21 –Mentally competent –Not under undue influence of others –Must be signed and dated –2 or 3 witnesses who are not beneficiaries –Attorney recommended

7 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-7 Purpose of a Will Common types of wills –Simple will: a will suitable for smaller estates that specifies that the entire estate be distributed to the person’s spouse –Traditional marital share will: a will suitable for larger estates, valued at $675,000 or more) that distributes half of the estate to the spouse and all the other half to any children or to a trust

8 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-8 Purpose of a Will Key components of a will –Distribution of the estate Details the the distribution to the heirs, usually by percentage –Executor (personal representative): the designated in a will to execute your instructions regarding the distribution of your assets Collects debts owed to the estate, pays debts owed by estate, and distributes proceeds of the estate

9 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.20-9 Purpose of a Will –Guardian Parents should name a person to be responsible for caring for any dependent children –Signature Validates will –Letter of last instruction Describes your wishes regarding funeral arrangements and tells the location of any key financial documents

10 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Financial Planning Online: Quiz for Preparing Your Own Will Go to: retire/will/tlwillq.asp retire/will/tlwillq.asp This Web site provides a quiz that indicates your ability to create your own will.

11 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Purpose of a Will Exhibit 20.1: A Sample Will

12 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Purpose of a Will Exhibit 20.1: A Sample Will

13 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Purpose of a Will Focus on Ethics: Undue influence on wills –Wills can be created under duress or from undue influence –Consider creating a will without consulting potential beneficiaries –A financial planner can assist you

14 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Purpose of a Will Changing your will –May be necessary if you move to a state with different laws or if you marry or divorce –Major changes may require a new will –Codicil: a document that specifies changes in an existing will Appropriate for minor revisions

15 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Purpose of a Will Executing the will during probate –Probate: a legal process that declares a will valid and ensures the orderly distribution of assets –Executor files forms in probate court, provides a copy of the will, a list of assets and liabilities of deceased, pays debts and sells necessary assets Typically opens a bank account for this purpose

16 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Estate Taxes Without a surviving spouse, a large estate is subject to estate taxes Determining estate taxes –Value of estate is the value of all assets minus any liabilities minus funeral and administrative expenses

17 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Estate Taxes –In 2001, estates with values over $675,000 are subject to federal taxes of 37% to 50% Tax Relief Act of 2001 gradually increases tax free limit while reducing maximum tax rate –Proper planning can reduce these taxes

18 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Estate Taxes Other related taxes –Some states also impose taxes on estates Valuing your estate to assess potential estate taxes –It is important to calculate the value of your estate periodically so that you can plan appropriately if your net worth exceeds the tax-free limit

19 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Trusts, Gifts, and Contributions These may help avoid estate taxes Trust: a legal document in which one person transfers assets to another who manages them for designated beneficiaries –Grantor: the person who creates a trust –Trustee: the person or institution named in a trust to manage the trust assets for the beneficiaries

20 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Trusts, Gifts, and Contributions –Living trust: a trust in which you assign the management of your assets to a trustee while you are living Revocable living trust: a living trust that can be dissolved Irrevocable living trust: a living trust that cannot be changes, although it can provide income to the grantor

21 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Trusts, Gifts, and Contributions –Standard family trust (credit-shelter trust): a trust established for children in a family Testamentary trust: a trust created by a will Gifts: a tax-free distribution of up to $10,000 per year from one person to another –Not subject to tax for the giver or the recipient Contributions to charitable organizations –Not subject to estate taxes

22 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Financial Planning Online: How to Build Your Estate Plan Go to: Click on: Estate Planning Click on: Plan Your Estate This Web site provides step-by-step instructions for estate planning.

23 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Other Aspects of Estate Planning Living will: a legal document in which individuals specify their preferences if they become mentally or physically disabled Power of attorney: a legal document granting a person the power to make specific decisions for you in the event that you are incapable

24 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Other Aspects of Estate Planning –Durable power of attorney for health care: a legal document granting a person the power to make specific health care decisions for you Maintaining estate plan documents –Need to be kept in a safe, convenient place –Key individuals need to know where they are kept

25 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Financial Planning Online: Legal Advice on Estate Planning Go to: Click on: Estate Planning This Web site provides a background on estate planning decisions and the terminology used in estate planning.

26 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved How Estate Planning Fits within Your Financial Plan Key decisions about estate planning for your financial plan are: –Should you create a will? –How can you limit your estate taxes? –Should you create a living will or designate an individual to have power of attorney?

27 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Integrating Key Concepts

28 Copyright ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Integrating Key Concepts Part 1: Financial Planning Tools Part 2: Liquidity Management Part 3: Financing Part 4: Protecting Your Assets and Income Part 5: Investing Part 6: Retirement and Estate Planning –In Chapter 19 we learned about retirement planning –In Chapter 20 we learned about estate planning


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