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A Local, State, National and International Perspective The Global Youth Justice Movement The Global Youth Justice Movement Youth Court, Teen Court, Peer.

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Presentation on theme: "A Local, State, National and International Perspective The Global Youth Justice Movement The Global Youth Justice Movement Youth Court, Teen Court, Peer."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Local, State, National and International Perspective The Global Youth Justice Movement The Global Youth Justice Movement Youth Court, Teen Court, Peer Court, Student Court, and Youth Peer Panel

2 What is a Youth Justice Program? A rapidly expanding local juvenile justice diversion program in which youth are sentenced by their peers in collaboration with adults. Youth Justice Programs are often called Teen Court, Peer Court, Student Court, Youth Court and Youth Peer Panel

3 Common Youth Volunteer Roles in Youth Justice Hearings* Defense Attorney Defense Attorney Prosecuting Attorney Prosecuting Attorney Clerk Clerk Bailiff Bailiff Jury Foreperson Jury Foreperson Jurors Jurors Youth judge Youth judge *Volunteer roles vary according to the program model the youth justice program utilizes. *Volunteer roles vary according to the program model the youth justice program utilizes.

4 What Makes Youth Justice Programs Appealing? Serve as an education, prevention and early juvenile intervention program. Serve as an education, prevention and early juvenile intervention program. Offers a way to hold juvenile offenders accountable. Offers a way to hold juvenile offenders accountable. Provides a means for educating youth on the legal and judicial system. Provides a means for educating youth on the legal and judicial system. Provide a meaningful forum for youth to build competencies and practice and enhance skills. Provide a meaningful forum for youth to build competencies and practice and enhance skills.

5 (Appealing Continued) Offers an avenue for youth to provide service for and build ties to their own local communities. Offers an avenue for youth to provide service for and build ties to their own local communities. Among the least expensive juvenile justice intervention programs given the strong volunteer support from youth and adults. Among the least expensive juvenile justice intervention programs given the strong volunteer support from youth and adults. Research and Data collection is yielding outstanding results. Research and Data collection is yielding outstanding results.

6 (Appealing Continued) These programs have cross cutting appeal across many agencies and organizations. These programs have cross cutting appeal across many agencies and organizations. Youth are volunteering in large numbers across America for these programs adults are taking the lead to increasingly establish and enhance them. Youth are volunteering in large numbers across America for these programs adults are taking the lead to increasingly establish and enhance them. These programs are NOT one time (episodic) service programs. Service is often continual and even over years. These programs are NOT one time (episodic) service programs. Service is often continual and even over years.

7 Location of Youth Justice Programs in the USA States without youth court programs 1994: 78 Youth Courts in 9 states in USA 2010: About 1,155 Programs in 48 states, DC and on Tribes. CT/RI None.

8 Global Youth Justice Locations (Non-USA) Japan Japan United Kingdom United Kingdom South Korea South Korea Australia Australia

9 Common Elements of Youth Justice Programs Juvenile Justice Diversion programs (formal and informal arrests). Juvenile Justice Diversion programs (formal and informal arrests). Primary first-time low-level juvenile crimes, offenses and violations. Primary first-time low-level juvenile crimes, offenses and violations. Often the 1 st or 2 nd step in a system of graduated sanctions. Often the 1 st or 2 nd step in a system of graduated sanctions. Misdemeanor, non-violent cases. Misdemeanor, non-violent cases.

10 Common Elements (cont.) Most Youth Justice Programs Require youth to admit to charge (sentencing hearings and not trials). Most Youth Justice Programs Require youth to admit to charge (sentencing hearings and not trials). Most are Voluntary participation. Most are Voluntary participation. Parental/Guardian Consent and Participation is Mandatory in most local Youth Justice programs. Parental/Guardian Consent and Participation is Mandatory in most local Youth Justice programs.

11 POM Tobacco Assault Alcohol Disorderly Conduct Vandalism Theft 95% 87% 81% 75% 71% 67% 62% Most Common Types of Crimes, Offenses and Violations. 56% 48% 42% Traffic School Disciplinary Curfew

12 Common Sentencing Options More meaningful Community Service that are project oriented. More meaningful Community Service that are project oriented. Oral/Written Apologies to Victims. Oral/Written Apologies to Victims. Essays on the crime, offense or violation (s) they were referred to a Youth Justice Program for. Essays on the crime, offense or violation (s) they were referred to a Youth Justice Program for. Jury Duty in a Youth Justice Program. Jury Duty in a Youth Justice Program. Educational Workshops on laws and consequences. Educational Workshops on laws and consequences.

13 Additional Sentencing Options Restitution. Restitution. Curfew. Curfew. Tutoring. Tutoring. Victim Awareness Class or Panel. Victim Awareness Class or Panel. Drug Testing and Mediation. Drug Testing and Mediation.

14 Youth volunteers serve in the roles of: Youth volunteers serve in the roles of: Defense AttorneysDefense Attorneys Prosecuting AttorneysProsecuting Attorneys ClerksClerks BailiffsBailiffs JurorsJurors Adult volunteer serves in the role of: Adult volunteer serves in the role of: JudgeJudge Adult Judge Model

15 Youth volunteers serve in the role of: Youth volunteers serve in the role of: JudgeJudge Prosecuting AttorneysProsecuting Attorneys Defense AttorneysDefense Attorneys ClerksClerks BailiffsBailiffs JurorsJurors Youth Judge Model

16 Youth volunteers serve in the roles of: Youth volunteers serve in the roles of: Judge(s)Judge(s) Defense AttorneysDefense Attorneys Prosecuting AttorneysProsecuting Attorneys ClerksClerks BailiffsBailiffs There is NO PEER JURY There is NO PEER JURY Youth Tribunal Model

17 Youth volunteers serve as jurors and question the defendant directly Youth volunteers serve as jurors and question the defendant directly Some programs use youth and community advocates Some programs use youth and community advocates Peer Jury Model

18 Agencies and Organizations Operating Youth Justice Program Operations 42% are Juvenile Justice-Based 42% are Juvenile Justice-Based (Law Enforcement, Juvenile Courts, Juvenile Probation) 22% are Community-Based 22% are Community-Based 36% are School-Based 36% are School-Based *Almost all of them are a joint partnerships of all of the organizations listed above.

19 Guilty vs Not Guilty 93% of local Youth Justice programs require youth to admit guilt/culpability to an offense, crime or violation. These are sentencing hearings. 93% of local Youth Justice programs require youth to admit guilt/culpability to an offense, crime or violation. These are sentencing hearings. 7% of local Youth Justice programs allow you to plead not guilty. These are trials. 7% of local Youth Justice programs allow you to plead not guilty. These are trials.

20 Youth Justice Program Models 41 Use the Adult Judge Model 41 Use the Adult Judge Model 18% Use the Youth Judge Model 18% Use the Youth Judge Model 31% Use the Peer Jury Model 31% Use the Peer Jury Model 10% Use the Tribunal Model 10% Use the Tribunal Model *17% of All programs use 1 or more models at some time during a year. *17% of All programs use 1 or more models at some time during a year.

21 Facts and Stats 53% of Youth Justice Programs require youth offenders to participate in Jury Duty one or more times. 53% of Youth Justice Programs require youth offenders to participate in Jury Duty one or more times. 55% of Youth Justice programs operate private hearings and trials. 55% of Youth Justice programs operate private hearings and trials. 70% of Youth Justice programs operate program year round and 30% are only during the school year. 70% of Youth Justice programs operate program year round and 30% are only during the school year.

22 Contact Global Youth Justice Training, Technical Assistance and more. Scott Bernard Peterson Chief Executive Officer Global Youth Justice, LLC Mobile:


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