Presentation on theme: "Return to Home Page Return to Home Page May 9, 2013 GEOG 370."— Presentation transcript:
Return to Home Page Return to Home Page May 9, 2013 GEOG 370
May 9 th “Ecological Economics” thanks to Robert Costanza Read and respond in class to Costanza's “Four Visions of the Future”: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol4/iss1/art5/ http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol4/iss1/art5/ B-C exercises due on May 14 Second Essay exam questions handed out May 16. Second exam responses due on May 21. Reading for class ES 151-229
Discussion questions: 1.Did anyone in your group take too many fish? How did that make you feel? Did anyone try to take as many as possible? Why or why not? Does society reward those with the “most’? 2. Did anyone sacrifice the # of fish, for the good of the community? Why or why not? Does society ever reward that type of person?
3.In Game Two… how did your strategy change, if at all? Does it make a difference to know what the rewards are? AN 4. Is it possible to maximize the number of fish caught/person AND the number of fish at the same ti remaining in the pond at the same time? Why or why not? local commons 5.Think of a local commons that you are familiar with [parking lots. Dorm social rooms, bathrooms,, bookstall, etc.]. Do similar problems arise? Explain. How might those problems be solved? natural resources common 6.What are some natural resources that are common resources? global commons 7.What are global commons? Are these being used wisely? Why or why not?
1. In order to effectively envision, it is necessary to focus on what one really wants, not what one will settle for. For example, the list below shows the kinds of things people really want, compared to the kinds of things they often settle for. Really want Settle for Self-esteem Fancy car Serenity Drugs Health Medicine Human happiness GNP Permanent prosperity Unsustainable growth 2. A vision should be judged by the clarity of its goals, not the clarity of its implementation path. Holding to the vision and being flexible about the path is often the only way to find the path. 3. Responsible vision must acknowledge, but not get crushed by, the physical constraints of the real world. 4. It is critical for visions to be shared, because only shared visions can be responsible. 5. Vision has to be flexible and evolving. Thus, the process of envisioning is at least as important as the particular visions themselves.
Table 1. Some characteristics of the basic worldviews. Technological optimist Technological skeptic technical progress can deal with technical progress is limited and any future challenge ecological carrying capacity must be preserved competitioncooperation linear systems with no discontinuitiescomplex, nonlinear systems with or irreversibilities discontinuities and irreversibilities humans dominant over nature humans in partnership with nature everybody for themselvespartnership with others market as guiding principlemarket as servant of larger goals
Fig. 1. Four visions of the future based on the two basic worldviews and two alternative real states of the world.