Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Microlinks.org/MPEPseries Bill Grant Development Alternatives Incorporated Marina Krivoshlykova Development Alternatives Incorporated Facilitation: How.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Microlinks.org/MPEPseries Bill Grant Development Alternatives Incorporated Marina Krivoshlykova Development Alternatives Incorporated Facilitation: How."— Presentation transcript:

1 microlinks.org/MPEPseries Bill Grant Development Alternatives Incorporated Marina Krivoshlykova Development Alternatives Incorporated Facilitation: How Much Does Context Matter? May 8, 2014

2 Overview Facilitating adoption and crowding-in –Bay Area (Dead Show): No facilitation necessary –Rural Cambodia (USAID MSME): A light touch does the trick Other market contexts: When light touch isn’t enough Cases of intermediate & “heavy hand” engagement –Niger Delta (Chevron PIND/MADE) –Northern Mozambique (SDC InovAgro) Conclusions –A framework to match your approach to your context

3 How a Change Process Starts

4 How Systems Change: The Adoption Process Speed or pace by which system players adopt new ideas Innovators Early Adopters Early Majority Late MajorityLaggards FAST SLOW Innovators: High risk fits easily in comfort zone Early Adopters: Comfortable taking risk on new idea provided adoption preserves their status as “opinion leader” in community. Early Majority: Waits for others to adopt/benefit to be in comfort zone. Late Majority: Skeptics w/discomfort to adopt unless majority have done so. Laggards: Tradition bound w/ high degree of discomfort to adopt new ideas.

5 Cambodia MSME “light touch” facilitation Constraints in swine VC: low productivity due to high mortality, –poor quality inputs, lack of knowledge, low investment MSME facilitation strategy: –Identify early adopters - the “leading few” enterprises and individuals –Informal interest groups to discuss common problems –Identify market actors with the right incentives and then facilitate relationships - input suppliers provide technical training –Client participation based on value proposition and self- selection - no subsidies used

6 Swine Value Chain Results Crowding in and results: –Leading farmers invest own funds to upgrade –Copycat behavior – the leading few copied by others –Crowding in of input suppliers: 14 provide embedded training without project support; 85 more serve the VC –Increased productivity: reduced mortality (50% -> 10%) –Increased farm size and profitability (2 pigs -> 46) –Increased number of swine farmers (few hundred - >4000) –Stronger horizontal relationships between farmers

7 Context for Intervention Design Weak Market Context Strong Market Context

8 Context for Intervention Design Weak Market Context Strong Market Context Economic/purchasing power Population density Political Economy Presence/dynamism of interconnected systems, service providers Linkages to end markets Social Cohesion

9 Context for Intervention Design Weak Market Context Strong Market Context Very Weak Market Context Emerging Market Context Stronger Market context Economic/purchasing power Population density Political Economy Presence/dynamism of interconnected systems, service providers Linkages to end markets Social Cohesion

10 Context for Intervention Design External/Heavier Hand Invest time in analysis/building relationships Invest more money to buy down risk, elicit interest More functions need to be addressed Need to work on both supply and demand side More thoughtful engagement Internal/Lighter Touch Understand the context Identify potential lead partners Stronger supporting systems Present value Proposition Low financial investment More rapid engagement from other market actors – crowding in Weak Market Context Strong Market Context Very Weak Market Context Emerging Market Context Stronger Market context

11 11 Partnership Initiative for the Niger Delta

12 BMO UUFFA: Organize, coordinate, finance Hatchery Brafin farms Supply fingerlings Feed companies Vital Feed, Rannan Feed Provide free feed Specialist consultant Dr Arthur Okoro Curriculum, training supervision 12 Partnership Initiative for the Niger Delta Partnership Initiative for Niger Delta Demo Pond for Increased Productivity

13 PIND Facilitate, TOT, M&E Demo Pond Scale-up Model Feed Companies

14 BMO/Lead Farmer Training sites Consultant TOT and Supervision Hatchery Supply fingerlings Feed Companies Fisheries Extension Service Private Consultants Financial Institutions Smoking Kiln Manufacturers Other Donors PIND Facilitate, TOT, M&E Demo Pond Scale-up Model

15

16 King Frango Hatchery African Century (ACAM) Outgrower scheme Grants Advice Farmer Groups (~20 farmers each) Soya to Silo Purchasing and Collection Advice Group Organization Equipment Advice Service markets Credit Guarantee Breeder Seed Inputs Equipment prototypes Extension Business model/to ols

17 Building Market for Certified Seed Year 1ACAMFarmers Import NGO MFI Finance Year 23 Seed CompaniesACAMFarmers Local Production Guarantee Year 31 Seed CompanyFarmersACAM Direct SalesCAL Other Guarantee

18 Conclusions on Context Must start with a vision of market system and the exit strategy in mind Context: Each value chain has a unique context - no copy and paste –Without basic market conditions, facilitation may not be right Style of engagement depends on the range of factors –Existing infrastructure/organization –Lead firms, interconnected systems, and farmers/beneficiaries –Appetite for change –Clarity of value propositions and potential for mutual benefits Very weak market system context requires much more time and investment (higher threshold for failure) –Emphasis on quick numbers may crowd out sustainable systems

19 Thank you for joining us! Microlinks and the MPEP Seminar Series are products of the USAID Microenterprise and Private Enterprise Promotion Office under the Feed the Future Knowledge-Driven Agricultural Development (KDAD) project. Upcoming Events Share Feedback Stay In Touch Please take a minute to fill out our brief survey! You can also visit the event page to post comments & questions. event page Bill Grant: Marina Krivoshlykova: om Contact Us: Subscribe today: microlinks.kdid.org/subscribe May 29: Workforce Development and Inclusive Markets Find upcoming events & past presentations: microlinks.org/MPEPseries


Download ppt "Microlinks.org/MPEPseries Bill Grant Development Alternatives Incorporated Marina Krivoshlykova Development Alternatives Incorporated Facilitation: How."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google