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GOES-R Fog/Low Stratus (FLS) IFR Probability Product.

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Presentation on theme: "GOES-R Fog/Low Stratus (FLS) IFR Probability Product."— Presentation transcript:

1 GOES-R Fog/Low Stratus (FLS) IFR Probability Product

2 What is FLS? VFR - Visual flight rules ceiling > 3000 ft and vis > 5 mi MVFR - Marginal visual flight rules 1000 ft < ceiling < 3000 ft or 3 mi < vis < 5 mi IFR - Instrument flight rules 500 ft < ceiling < 1000 ft or 1 mi < vis < 3 mi LIFR - Low instrument flight rules ceiling < 500 ft or vis < 1 mi FLS = Fog/low stratus There is no widely accepted definition of fog/low stratus so the GOES-R definition of FLS is based off aviation flight rules The primary goal of the GOES-R fog/low cloud detection algorithm is to identify IFR, or lower, conditions.

3 Fused Fog/Low Cloud Detection Approach Satellite Data Naïve Bayesian Model Clear Sky RTM -Minimum channel requirement: 0.65, 3.9, 6.7/7.3, 11, and 12/13.3 μm -Previous image for temporal continuity (GEO only) -Cloud Phase IFR and LIFR Probability ++ Static Ancillary Data -DEM -Surface Type -Surface Emissivity Daily SST Data 0.25 degree OISST + NWP -Surface Temperature -Profiles of T and q -RUC/RAP (2-3 hr forecast) or GFS (12 hr forecast) NWP RH Profiles -RUC/RAP (2-3 hr forecast) or GFS (12 hr forecast) ***IMPORTANT: Other sources of relevant data (e.g. sfc obs) influence results through the model fields Total run time: minutes

4 The following scenes show the capabilities of the GOES-R FLS IFR probability product during May, 2014 around St. John’s, Newfoundland and several offshore oil platforms St. John’s, NL Terra Nova oil field

5 St. John’s, NL Long Pond Helipad Heritage BTD product Clear Sky Liquid Water Clouds Ice Clouds The GOES-R IFR probabilities correlate very well temporally with changes in reported visibility Terra Nova oil field May 18 at 00:45 UTC (Nighttime) St. John’s, NL Long Pond Helipad Terra Nova oil field

6 May 18 at 06:45 UTC (Nighttime) The GOES-R IFR probabilities correlate very well temporally with changes in reported visibility The heritage BTD product is not useful when multiple cloud layers are present St. John’s, NL Long Pond Helipad Terra Nova oil field St. John’s, NL Long Pond Helipad Terra Nova oil field

7 Clear Sky Liquid Water Clouds Ice Clouds May 19 at 18:45 UTC (Daytime) The GOES-R IFR probabilities correlate very well spatially with reported visibility The heritage BTD product is not useful during the day due to additional reflected solar radiation the 3.9 micron channel St. John’s, NL Long Pond Helipad Terra Nova oil field St. John’s, NL Long Pond Helipad Terra Nova oil field

8 Main Strength of GOES-R Products – Unlike qualitative imagery based products, the GOES-R products can be used to quantitatively identify IFR producing cloud layers, even when multiple cloud layers are present, day and night. – Statistical analysis of the heritage BTD and GOES-R FLS IFR probability product indicated that the GOES-R FLS product is more than twice as skillful as the BTD product for detecting IFR conditions. Main Limitation of GOES-R Products – Due to differing radiative transfer processes, the GOES-R products will exhibit some day/night discontinuity (especially under twilight conditions). – Satellite measurements are much better correlated with cloud ceiling than surface visibility. Thus, it is difficult to strictly limit our detection to low surface visibilities. Future Work – Improved detection and characterization of coastal and valley fogs – Development of an empirical model that estimates the dissipation time of radiation fog – Development of radiation fog formation alerting tool for operational forecasters – Continued validation through comparison to traditional surface observations and Environment Canada field campaign data Summary

9 Naïve Bayes Probabilistic Model The naïve Bayes’ model returns a conditional probability that an “event” will occur given a set of measureable features defined by the equation below The “naïve” aspect comes from the assumption that the measureable features are independent of each other is the climatological probability an “event” occurs regardless of the measured features is the climatological probability an “event” does not occur regardless of the measured features Is the conditional probability that an “event” is observed given a measured feature Is the conditional probability that an “event” is not observed given a measured feature where


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