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QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly.

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Presentation on theme: "QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly."— Presentation transcript:

1 QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly asked questions specific to this template. If you are using an older version of PowerPoint some template features may not work properly. Using the template Verifying the quality of your graphics Go to the VIEW menu and click on ZOOM to set your preferred magnification. This template is at 100% the size of the final poster. All text and graphics will be printed at 100% their size. To see what your poster will look like when printed, set the zoom to 100% and evaluate the quality of all your graphics before you submit your poster for printing. Using the placeholders To add text to this template click inside a placeholder and type in or paste your text. To move a placeholder, click on it once (to select it), place your cursor on its frame and your cursor will change to this symbol: Then, click once and drag it to its new location where you can resize it as needed. Additional placeholders can be found on the left side of this template. Modifying the layout This template has four different column layouts. Right-click your mouse on the background and click on “Layout” to see the layout options. The columns in the provided layouts are fixed and cannot be moved but advanced users can modify any layout by going to VIEW and then SLIDE MASTER. Importing text and graphics from external sources TEXT: Paste or type your text into a pre-existing placeholder or drag in a new placeholder from the left side of the template. Move it anywhere as needed. PHOTOS: Drag in a picture placeholder, size it first, click in it and insert a photo from the menu. TABLES: You can copy and paste a table from an external document onto this poster template. To adjust the way the text fits within the cells of a table that has been pasted, right-click on the table, click FORMAT SHAPE then click on TEXT BOX and change the INTERNAL MARGIN values to 0.25 Modifying the color scheme To change the color scheme of this template go to the “Design” menu and click on “Colors”. You can choose from the provide color combinations or you can create your own. QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36”x48” professional poster. It will save you valuable time placing titles, subtitles, text, and graphics. Use it to create your presentation. Then send it to PosterPresentations.com for premium quality, same day affordable printing. We provide a series of online tutorials that will guide you through the poster design process and answer your poster production questions. View our online tutorials at: (copy and paste the link into your web browser). For assistance and to order your printed poster call PosterPresentations.com at Object Placeholders Use the placeholders provided below to add new elements to your poster: Drag a placeholder onto the poster area, size it, and click it to edit. Section Header placeholder Move this preformatted section header placeholder to the poster area to add another section header. Use section headers to separate topics or concepts within your presentation. Text placeholder Move this preformatted text placeholder to the poster to add a new body of text. Picture placeholder Move this graphic placeholder onto your poster, size it first, and then click it to add a picture to the poster. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © © 2011 PosterPresentations.com 2117 Fourth Street, Unit C Berkeley CA Student discounts are available on our Facebook page. Go to PosterPresentations.com and click on the FB icon. Small-scale family pond aquaculture for rural household nutrition Malnutrition especially to the children and women in the rural populations has been the major issues to be addressed since long time in Nepal. Promotion of small-scale family pond aquaculture can be the one of the way to overcome this problem in rural Nepal. Several small grant projects were conducted in selected villages of Chitwan, Nawalparasi, Lamjung and Gorkha with a family pond concept (one household one pond) during the period of 2000– Project initiated with carp polyculture and moved to pond dike vegetable farming then carp-small indigenous fish species polyculture with pond dike farming with the prime emphasis on household nutrition and if surplus sale for supplemental income. Project results have shown that household ponds are mostly managed by family woman and about 50% fish are consumed in family. Incorporation of small indigenous fish which are eaten whole and have very high nutritional value with high vitamins and micro-nutrients have increased household consumption of those species. We assume increase in fish consumption has improved nutrition to woman and children of the project areas. However, it needs assessment to measure improvement in nutrition. Key words: rural poor, family pond-aquaculture, malnutrition, children and woman nutrition ABSTRACT CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Selection of technically feasible sites – villages; Identification of appropriate rural society Formation of homogenous fish farmers groups; Registration of these groups with District Agriculture Development Office; Involvement of household heads (both male and female) in training and other activities; Providing technical and input support for one culture cycle; Organizing regular monthly meetings of fish farmers’ groups to discuss on- going and up-coming activities with an emphasis on household women; Establishment of fish farmer’s cooperative and its registration with District Cooperative Office. Awareness on role of SIS in nutrition – Vitamins and micronutrients: Table 1: Vitamin and micro-nutrient contents in small indigenous fish species and carps (Roos et al., 2006) RAE = retinol activity equivalents Species Selection and identification: Puntius sophore (Pothi) Esomus denricus (Deduwa) Amblypharyngogodon mola (Mara / Dhawai) OUTCOME CONCLUSIONS Small-scale family pond aquaculture is an effective tool for food security, household nutrition and supplemental income for rural poor % produced fish (carps) were used for household consumption. Nutrient dense SIS were consumed regularly in family. Family pond aquaculture helped to empower women through women fish cooperative. Application of this strategy is likely to benefit a large number of resource poor small-scale households. REFERENCES Bhujel R.C., M.K. Shrestha, J. Pant and S. Buranrom (2008). Ethnic women in aquaculture in Nepal. Development, 51: Gupta, M. C Comparision of performance of Dedhuwa (Esomus danricus), Mara (Amblypharyagodon mola) and Pothi (Puntius sophore) in carp-prawn polyculture ponds in Chitwan, Nepal. MSc Thesis. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal pp. Pant, J., M.K. Shrestha, R.C. Bhujel Aquaculture and resilience: Women in aquaculture in Nepal. In: Shrestha, M.K. and J. Pant (eds.) Small- scale Aquaculture for Rural Livelihoods: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Small-scale Aquaculture for Increasing Resilience of Rural Livelihoods in Nepal pp. Pandey,R.P., L.A. Colavito, S. Khatiwada Small-scale fish farming in Mid- and Far-western Regions of Nepal. In: Shrestha, M.K. and J. Pant (eds.) Small-scale Aquaculture for Rural Livelihoods: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Small-scale Aquaculture for Increasing Resilience of Rural Livelihoods in Nepal pp. Rai, S., S.H.Thilsted. M.K.Shrestha, MD A. Wahab and K.Gharti Gender in aquaculture and fisheries moving the agenda forward. The Journal of the Asian Fisheries Society Special Issue (2012): Roos, N., M. A. Wahab., C. Chamman and S.H. Thilsted Understanding the links between agriculture and health. International Food Policy Research Institute. pp Shrestha, M.K., J. Pant, R.C. Bhujel Small-scale aquaculture development model for rural Nepal. In: Shrestha, M.K. and J. Pant (eds.) Small-scale Aquaculture for Rural Livelihoods: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Small-scale Aquaculture for Increasing Resilience of Rural Livelihoods in Nepal. Yadav, S Production potential of Carp-SIS-Prawn polyculture in Chitwan, Nepal. MSc Thesis. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal pp. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Project funding were - Women in Aquaculture Project by German NGO; Community Fish production Project by Canadian Cooperation Office; Small- scale mid hills project by Aquaculture without Frontier (AwF UK); Small indigenous fish species (SIS) project by DANIDA. Collaborating partners were – Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand; Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh; Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Nepal; Local NGO – Rural Integrated Development Society, Kathar. Agriculture and Forestry University, Nepal and AquaFish Innovation Lab supported to participate this workshop. Aquaculture in Nepal expanded and developed during the decade of nineties with aquaculture development projects. However, this project supported only large/bigger farmers with bigger size ponds and small-scale farmers were excluded. Though the production of fish increased in country, it did not contribute to improve the nutritional status of the rural poor family. Malnutrition especially to the children and women in the rural populations has been the major problems due to lack of nutritious food in regular diet. Promotion of small-scale family pond aquaculture wherever possible could be the one of the way to overcome this problem in rural Nepal. Small-scale family pond aquaculture has increased household fish consumption improving nutrition and income of a family and in women empowerment (Bhujel et al., 2008; Pant et al., 2012; Shrestha et al., 2012, Pandey et al., The small indigenous fishes (SIS), which are usually eaten whole with the organs and bones, contain large amounts of minerals like calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, zinc, etc. and vitamin-A and vitamin-D. The carp species promoted in current aquaculture do not contribute significantly to mineral intake. Unlike large fish, SIS is eaten whole, without loss of nutrients from cleaning or as plate waste. The bones of SIS are very rich in calcium. Likewise, the eyes, head, organs and viscera of some SIS, such as Puntius (Pothi), Esomus (Deduwa) and Amblypharyngodon (Mara/Dhawai) are rich in vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin A, iron and zinc (Roos et al., 2006). These nutrients in fish are found to be highly bio-available. Moreover, SIS are self- recruiting and therefore can be harvested weekly and fortnightly, favoring household consumption. Most of the Nepalese farmers have been consuming SIS fish by harvesting from the rivers, lake and swamp areas. However, over fishing and deterioration of natural habitats have resulted in a decline in SIS. Inclusion of SIS in carp ponds increases production, profit and household consumption as compared to normal carp culture, (Gupta, 2011; Yadav, 2011; Rai et al., 2012). Therefore, small-scale family pond aquaculture in rural areas wherever possible may help to improve nutrition and food security in children and women of the household. Fish Species Vitamin A (RAE/100 g cleaned & edible part) Calcium (RAE/100 g cleaned & edible part) Iron (RAE/100 g cleaned & edible part) Esomus denricus (Deduwa) Amblypharyngodon mola (Mara/Dhawai) Puntius sophore (Pothi/Sidhre) Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) < Cirrhinus mrigala (Naini/ Mrigal) < 30< Fish Species Vitamin A (RAE/100 g cleaned & edible part) Calcium (RAE/100 g cleaned & edible part) Iron (RAE/100 g cleaned & edible part) Esomus denricus (Deduwa) Amblypharyngodon mola (Mara/Dhawai) Puntius sophore (Pothi/Sidhre) Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver carp) < Cirrhinus mrigala (Naini/ Mrigal) < 30< Aquaculture and Fisheries Department, Agriculture and Forestry University, Nepal Madhav K Shrestha and Sunila Rai BACKGROUND IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS Family pond ( m2) Culture of Carps + SIS Regular partial harvesting of SIS (weekly/Fortnightly) Household consumption Harvest of large carps Surplus Sale & income Improvement in nutrition of Children & Women Particularsvalues Pond constructed (No.) Pond size (m 2 ) Total area (m 2 ) Total Fish production (kg) Mean fish productivity (ton/ha) Production range (kg/pond) Total home consumption (kg) Consumption range (kg/household) Total Fish sales (kg) Sales range (kg/household) Total supplemental income (NRs) Suppl. income range (NRs/household) – – – 67 53, Table 2. Outcome of Women in Aquaculture project phase I ( ) Chitwan. Table 3. Outcome of Women in Aquaculture project phase II ( ) Chitwan and Nawalparasi. ParameterKathar, Chitwan Kawasoti, Nawalparasi Total Total pond constructed (No.) Pond size (m 2 ) Total pond area (m 2 ) Total fish production (kg) Mean fish productivity (ton/ha) Production range (kg/pond) Total home consumption (kg) Consumption range (kg/HH) Total fish sales (kg) Sales range (kg/HH) Total suppl. income (NRs) Suppl. Income range (NRs/HH) , , – , , , ,600 ParameterKathar, Chitwan Kawasoti, Nawalparasi Total Total pond constructed (No.) Pond size (m 2 ) Total pond area (m 2 ) Total fish production (kg) Mean fish productivity (ton/ha) Production range (kg/pond) Total home consumption (kg) Consumption range (kg/HH) Total fish sales (kg) Sales range (kg/HH) Total suppl. income (NRs) Suppl. Income range (NRs/HH) , , , , , ,600 Table 4. Outcome of Community fish production project phase III ( ) Chitwan and Nawalparasi. Table 5. Outcome of Aquaculture without Frontier (AwF) project ( ) Lamjung and Gorkha. Description/particularsFigures Ponds (no.)70 Area of ponds (sq. m.) 3,112 No. of families70 Primary School1 Direct beneficiaries (no.)300 Total fish prod (kg)634 Consumption (kg)50480% Sale (kg)13020% Table 6. Outcome of Carp-SIS (DANIDA) project ( ) Chitwan Species combinationMean NFY (mt/ha/yr)Increment (%) Carps only3.3 Carps + SIS %


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