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Korea's Experience on Human Resources Role in the Community Development Seong Min Hong, Ph.D. RIES Prepared for the International Scientific Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Korea's Experience on Human Resources Role in the Community Development Seong Min Hong, Ph.D. RIES Prepared for the International Scientific Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Korea's Experience on Human Resources Role in the Community Development Seong Min Hong, Ph.D. RIES Prepared for the International Scientific Conference on “Human Capital in Kazakhstan: Status and Growth Prospects”, on February 22, 2013 in Astana, Kazakhstan.

2 Source: The National Council of Saemaul Undong Movement in Korea

3  1. Introduction  2. Saemaul Undong (SMU) as a Community Development Movement  3. The Role of Human Resources in the New Village Movement  4. The Mental Reform and Human Resources in Korean Community Development  5. Concluding remarks

4 2.1 Situation of Korean Economy in 1960s Korea's Major Economic Indicators over the Past Five Decades

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6 Source: N’kumu Frey-Lungula, Saemaul Undong in Korea

7 ValuesDescription Diligence (Pioneering Spirit) Sincerity The early bird catches the worm Diligence → Sincerity → Pioneer spirit Self-Help (Ownership Spirit) Defines one’s fate based on one’s effort Heaven helps those who help themselves Master fate → sense of responsibility, become independent → sense of ownership Cooperation (Community Sprit) Pursuit for community growth “Two heads are better than one” 1+1 = 2+α→efficiency, unity →cooperation Source: N’kumu Frey-Lungula, Saemaul Undong in Korea

8 Source: The National Council of Saemaul Undong Movement in Korea

9 Source: Jeong Gap Jin, Saemaul Undong Central Training Center. Development by Stage

10 Source: Change Soo Choe, 2005, Key Factors to Successful Community Developments.

11 Source: The National Council of Saemaul Undong Movement in Korea

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13 Key Factors to Success

14 Note: Korea's trade volume (right axis) and per capita GDP (left axis) are both given in current U.S. dollars. Source: KDI From Despair to Hope Economic Policymaking in Korea

15  The Priority of Mental Reform in SMU  ▪ Build a Wealthy Village = Physical and Mental Wealth  ▪ Change in farmers’ traditional way of thinking  We can do it! We will do it! We must do it!  “It is the basic spirit of Saemaul. How can we do it when nobody can help us and every one of us is in desperate ? Let us united and do it with "Diligence, Self-help, and Cooperation", the three doctrine of Saemaul Undong ”   ◇ Change in attitude & lifestyle based on Mental Reform  Passive Negative Thinking → Active Positive Thinking

16 Source: The National Council of Saemaul Undong Movement in Korea

17  Toward the end of the 1980s, sweeping changes were made in Korea, and d emocracy was enhanced as a result. This in turn brought about an explosive growth of non-governmental, nonpolitical, and non-profit civil movements, thu s dictating the need for SMU to advance its mechanism and structures as wel l.

18 Source: The National Council of Saemaul Undong Movement in Korea

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20  The Saemaul Movement has been accepted by the United Nations as one of the efficient rural development models in the world.   Between 1970 and 2011, some 53,000 public officials and village leaders fro m 129 nations visited Korea to learn about Saemaul Undong. Archival materi als included in this nomination have been used to inform programs emulatin g the movement in 157 villages in 18 countries.   The most important lesson learned from SMU is that it devised appropriate s trategies and measures reflecting and making use of the specific political, ec onomic and social contexts. Developing countries should carefully study thei r own situation and devise workable and practical solutions of their own. 

21 Thank You! 감사합니다 ! Teşekkürler!


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