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Institutionalism A Theme developed in Shawshank Redemption.

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Presentation on theme: "Institutionalism A Theme developed in Shawshank Redemption."— Presentation transcript:

1 Institutionalism A Theme developed in Shawshank Redemption

2 Convicted criminals are sent to prison to be rehabilitated so that one day they will no longer pose a threat to citizens on the outside. This is not the case at Shawsank Prison

3 Its system strives to eliminate the tiniest of hope of freedom from their prisoners. Its system strives to eliminate the tiniest of hope of freedom from their prisoners. Shawshank’s system in action is shown through the character Brooks. Shawshank’s system in action is shown through the character Brooks. Shawshank, in Reality, is a Place of Permenant Confinment, and Institutionalism

4 Brooks Institutionalized Early on in the movie Brooks, a prisoner in the jail for over 50 years, discovers he will soon be set free. Brooks is horrified, and attacks an inmate in hopes his act of violence will revoke his parole. Early on in the movie Brooks, a prisoner in the jail for over 50 years, discovers he will soon be set free. Brooks is horrified, and attacks an inmate in hopes his act of violence will revoke his parole. “It’s the only way they’ll let me stay!” “It’s the only way they’ll let me stay!”

5 Red’s Words About Brooks “These walls are funny…first you hate them, then you get used to them, then you depend on them…that’s institutionalized.” “These walls are funny…first you hate them, then you get used to them, then you depend on them…that’s institutionalized.” “They send you hear for life, that’s exactly what they take, the part that counts anyway.” “They send you hear for life, that’s exactly what they take, the part that counts anyway.” “In here he’s somebody, out there he’s nobody.” “In here he’s somebody, out there he’s nobody.” Brooks has been in prison too long to know how to function on the outside world.

6 Brooks on the Outside The Shawshank Redemption films a montage to show viewers Brooks experience as a free man. The Shawshank Redemption films a montage to show viewers Brooks experience as a free man. Narration Narration Medium shot on bus Medium shot on bus Work Work He has trouble sleeping He has trouble sleeping Long Shot of Crossing Street Long Shot of Crossing Street Buying Gun Buying Gun “Send me home.” “Send me home.” Long shot in park Long shot in park Close-up of hands Close-up of hands

7 Institutionalism: Brooks’s Demise Brooks commits suicide because he is unable to cope with life outside of prison. Brooks commits suicide because he is unable to cope with life outside of prison. As he is preparing for his death viewers see a close-up of his face smiling through the railings of the ceiling’s pillar. As he is preparing for his death viewers see a close-up of his face smiling through the railings of the ceiling’s pillar. This signifies that Brook’s was a happy man in prison. He does not like his freedom. He commits suicide to escape it. This signifies that Brook’s was a happy man in prison. He does not like his freedom. He commits suicide to escape it.

8 Red’s Comments When Red and Andy hear the news of Brooks’s death Red’s reaction is, “He should have died in here.” When Red and Andy hear the news of Brooks’s death Red’s reaction is, “He should have died in here.” Brooks should have died at home Brooks should have died at home

9 The Force of Institutionalism: The Warden and the Prison System The Warden presents the image of a religious man who would like to see his inmates rehabilitated by the power of God The Warden presents the image of a religious man who would like to see his inmates rehabilitated by the power of God Cross-stitch Cross-stitch Bible Bible In reality the Warden is an evil, corrupt man who could not care less about his prisoners. In reality the Warden is an evil, corrupt man who could not care less about his prisoners. Bible and cross-stitch used to hide true personna. Bible and cross-stitch used to hide true personna. Uses inmates as slave labor for his work program. Uses inmates as slave labor for his work program. Does not allow Andy to leave prison, and kills Billy the only person who could testify to Andy’s innocence. Does not allow Andy to leave prison, and kills Billy the only person who could testify to Andy’s innocence.

10 The parole board is an example of how Shawshank’s prison system is a force of institutionalism. The parole board is an example of how Shawshank’s prison system is a force of institutionalism. Red’s parole hearings Red’s parole hearings Routieness of his answers Routieness of his answers o “Yes sir…without a doubt…no danger to society here” Close-up of “Rejected Stamp” Close-up of “Rejected Stamp” Viewers can see the cold-blooded murderer in Red no longer exists. They know he is a changed man, a good man, but yet the parole continues to deny him the freedom he deserves. Viewers can see the cold-blooded murderer in Red no longer exists. They know he is a changed man, a good man, but yet the parole continues to deny him the freedom he deserves.

11 Andy: A Force Working Against Institutionism Andy hangs on to the life he lived before he was sent to prison. Andy hangs on to the life he lived before he was sent to prison. Montage of taxes for guards Montage of taxes for guards Andy has hope. Andy has hope. He spreads it throughout prison by playing music He spreads it throughout prison by playing music Montage of prisoners listening to record player Montage of prisoners listening to record player Giving the Harmonica to Red Giving the Harmonica to Red Instrument of music Instrument of music Andy gives this to Red after his parole is rejected Andy gives this to Red after his parole is rejected Andy tries to give Red hope so he can avoid the same fate as Brooks’s Andy tries to give Red hope so he can avoid the same fate as Brooks’s Red will not play it for Andy Red will not play it for Andy Later on when he is alone in cell gives it one small whistle Later on when he is alone in cell gives it one small whistle

12 Andy confronts Warden on his policies of institutionalism when he rejects his plea for a new trial. Andy confronts Warden on his policies of institutionalism when he rejects his plea for a new trial. Calls him “Obtuse” Calls him “Obtuse” His actions are deliberate. He wants to keep Andy in prison. His actions are deliberate. He wants to keep Andy in prison. Andy escapes from prison. Andy escapes from prison. Spends 20 years digging a tunnel Spends 20 years digging a tunnel Crawls through septic pipe Crawls through septic pipe Arial shot when reaches the outside. Arial shot when reaches the outside.

13 “Get Bust Living or Get Busy Dying” Andy recognizes the importance to have hope and to live for something, or else life isn’t worth living. Andy refuses to sit in his cell for 80 years and wait to die. Andy recognizes the importance to have hope and to live for something, or else life isn’t worth living. Andy refuses to sit in his cell for 80 years and wait to die. The hope of one day returning to the outside world is what allows him to regain his freedom at the end of the film. The hope of one day returning to the outside world is what allows him to regain his freedom at the end of the film.


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