2IB Orals PART I: Initial Reading (6-7 min) Color mark and annotate as you goPART II: Idea Generation (7-8 min)Read the two guiding questions and consider what they are asking; they are meant to stimulate your thinking. Do NOT make a direct reference to them!Brainstorm a list of important points in the passage.Work from strategy to meaning or vice-versaAfter 8-10 possible strategies, go back and name the first column
3IB Orals PART III: Organizing the Commentary (5-7 min) Identify a thesis for your commentary by choosing the most interesting/useful strategies to make your point.Make an outline of points –thesis at the top for your opening statementfollowed by the points in the order you wish to make them.
4Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.From forth the fatal loins of these two foesA pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;Whose misadventured piteous overthrowsDoth with their death bury their parents' strife.The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,And the continuance of their parents' rage,Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;The which if you with patient ears attend,What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.GUIDING QUESTIONS:What does the sonnet form add to our understanding of this passage?What does the narrative perspective suggest about the importance of this passage?
6EXAMPLE: Brainstorming List STRATEGY: Use of couplet at end of sonnet (lines 13-14)FUNCTION: shows it is about theater/actorsSTRATEGY: Sonnet formFUNCTION: Shakespeare and change with couplet =STRATEGY: References to fateFUNCTION: foreshadows role of fate in playSTRATEGY: juxtaposed imagesFUNCTION: Foreshadows balance imagerySTRATEGY: Death imageryFUNCTION: foreshadows death imagery in play
7EXAMPLE: OutlineOpening Statement: Most interesting question is the problem of why this prologue is included at all—story well-known.• Sonnet Form—Rhythm break at “bury” l. 8• Overtone of money—L1, L12• Foreshadowing of balance that structures play l.3• Importance of death imagery l.5-11• Importance of “fate” l. 6• Narrative Perspective• Role of couplet—“our” refers to troupe; “here” refers to actual prologue. Why do we need it?Conclusion: Couplet performs function of instructing audience that although they have encountered, in the prologue, the traditional interpretation of fate-crossed lovers, the rest of the play is going to challenge that traditional interpretation and suggest that poor decision-making had more to do with the outcome than fate did.