Presentation on theme: "Nucleation and Precipitation Processes in the Vadose Zone During Contaminant Transport Investigators: Burcu Uyusur, UIC Civil and Materials Engineering."— Presentation transcript:
Nucleation and Precipitation Processes in the Vadose Zone During Contaminant Transport Investigators: Burcu Uyusur, UIC Civil and Materials Engineering Department; Christophe Darnault, UIC Civil and Materials Engineering Department; Kathryn L. Nagy, UIC Earth and Environmental Science Department Neil C. Sturchio, UIC Earth and Environmental Science Department; Soufiane Mekki, UIC Earth and Environmental Science Department Primary Grant Support: U.S. Department of Energy SEM and EDS of metaschoepite(UO3·n(H2O)(n<2) (Buck et al., 2004) Technical Approach Three dimensional unsaturated column experiments Two dimensional light transmission visualization experiments Autoradiography Technique Surface Analysis techniques (BET Gas Adsorption; AFM- Atomic Force Microscopy; XRD-X Ray Diffraction) Insight Analysis Techniques (TRLFS-Time Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy; EXAFS- Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure) Incorporation of the data to a reactive transport code Problem Statement and Motivation Leakage has been determined in the vadose zone sediments of Hanford Site, U.S. Department of Energy Complex in Washington since 1950s, including radioactive elements such as uranium. Preferential flow, a common phenomena in unsaturated soil, is the movement of water and solutes faster than the average pore water velocity due to fingering. Visualization and mapping of simulated Hanford leakage water Contaminant mobility is affected by sorption, colloid formation, nucleation and precipitation of secondary solids. Characterize and quantify the formation of secondary precipitates in the presence of uranium with quartz and feldspar minerals. Investigation of possible colloid formation Achievements and Future Goals Understanding the fate and transport of uranium in simulated Hanford vadose zone Refining the conditions needed for incorporation of radionuclides into secondary solids. Predicting the effect of precipitates on vadose zone flow. Modeling with colloids, nucleation, precipitation, sorption incorporated Extracting general governing ideas applicable to other radioactive contaminated sites
Fate and Transport of Fullerenes and Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNT) in Unsaturated and Saturated Porous Media Investigators: Itzel G Godinez, UIC, Department of Civil and Materials Engineering; Christophe Darnault, UIC, Department of Civil and Materials Engineering Primary Grant Support: National Science Foundation Bridge to the Doctorate Fellowship at the University of Illinois at Chicago Technical Approach Implementation of segmented soil columns to assess the transport of fullerenes and SWNTs in unsaturated conditions Concentration of nanomaterials in column’s effluent will be analyzed by UV-vis spectrophotometer Three-dimensional reconstruction of the columns will be accomplished through the Advanced Photon Source Hard-Ray Microbe from Argonne National Laboratory Pore-scale visualization technique will consist of an infiltration chamber, mounting assembly, light source, electronic equipment (e.g. camera, lens and computer system), and imaging software Problem Statement and Motivation Generation of scientific data to explain the fate and transport of nanomaterials in subsurface environment Development of non-intrusive, high-spatial and temporal techniques to describe transport and measure concentrations of fullerenes and SWNTs in porous media Assessment of the extend in which fullerenes and SWNTs are transported in the vadose zone through preferential flow Establishment of the impact of wetting and drying cycles on the transport of nanomaterials by characterizing the role of gas-liquid interface regions and reconstructing the soil column’s three- dimensional structure Development of a pore-scale visualization method by adapting existing models and techniques to investigate the mechanisms controlling nanomaterials retention and immobilization in unsaturated porous media (e.g. air-water and air-water-soil interfaces) Expected Key Achievements and Goals Development of techniques to visualize and describe the fate and transport of fullerenes and SWNTs in the vadose zone by preferential flow according to the following characteristics: Non-intrusive, high-spatial and temporal methods Use of preferential flow (e.g. fingering and gravitational flow) Reconstruction of 3-D columns Development of a real-time pore-scale visualization method Acquiring data (e.g. nanomaterial concentration, soil moisture, velocity, distribution of nanoparticles, etc.) to explain the behavior of nanomaterials in porous media under different conditions
Post Seismic Structural Health Monitoring of Bridges Investigators: A. Bassam, A. Iranmanesh and F. Ansari, Civil and Materials Engineering Primary Grant Support: National Science Foundation Problem Statement and Motivation Technical Approach Key Achievements and Future Goals Network of serially multiplexed fiber optic sensors Real-time Damage detection Development of novel fiber optic seismic sensors Real-time monitoring of progressive damage Robust Damage Detection Methodologies In the event of earthquakes it is important to quickly estimate the severity of damage Bridges are the major lifelines of the infrastructure system
Fiber Optic Weigh-in-Motion (WIM) sensor for Bridges Luisa Degiovanni and Farhad Ansari, Civil and Materials Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago Problem Statement and Motivation Technical ApproachKey Achievements and Future Goals The measure of static axle load of heavy vehicles as they drive at highway speed is an effective tool for condition assessment of in-service structures. Results can be used for improvement of pavement managing systems, road transport analysis, detection of overloaded vehicles, enforcement of weight limits. INVERSE PROBLEM: use the response of a highway bridge to weigh trucks. Application of fiber optic sensor technology (accuracy, low cost, light weight, Immune to interference, non-intrusive). Placement of sensors under the bridge deck (no need for new construction or weigh station). Use of influence lines as a tool for the detection of the truck weight through the bridge deck responses to loading. development of sensors and data processing system for the detection of speed and static axle loads of heavy vehicles. evaluations of errors due to the dynamics of the problem, due to vehicles speed, change in tires pressure, spring types, pavement roughness. INFLUENCE LINE 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 150160170180190200210220230240250 load location strain WIM systems may provide reliable information about the actual dynamic load and calculate the fatigue cycles experienced by the structures. study of WIM systems (sensors number and placement to improve the accuracy).
Structural Health Monitoring of Turin’s Olympic Village Cable-Stayed Bridge Investigators: Iman Talebinejad, Chad Fischer, Luca Giacosa, and Farhad Ansari Civil & Materials Engineering - Sponsor: City of Turin Problem Statement and Motivation Technical Approach Key Achievements and Future Goals Cable-stayed bridges can have complex geometry and non-standard structural members making them difficult to analyze with conventional methods. Previous problems with vibrations in similar pedestrian bridges have been experienced. The long term performance of such bridges has not been fully documented. Employed fiber optic sensors to monitor the performance of the bridge cables. Monitor the cables during load tests and under ambient vibration conditions. Use finite element modeling to correlate sensor data and understand the modal properties and long term performance of the bridge. Establishment of structural performance of asymmetric cable-stayed bridges. Developed methods to estimate dynamic characteristics of the bridge by only monitoring cable forces in the bridge. Real-time monitoring to assess the long term bridge performance by observing changes in sensor response.