Presentation on theme: "Oedipus the King. I. Background A.The Labdacids (great Theban dynasty 1. Labdacus (his mother’s father is one of Cadmus’ “sown men”) a. carries off Pelops’"— Presentation transcript:
Oedipus the King
I. Background A.The Labdacids (great Theban dynasty 1. Labdacus (his mother’s father is one of Cadmus’ “sown men”) a. carries off Pelops’ son while driving a chariot—kidnapping and assault b. Pelops gives “The Curse of the House of Labdacus
Background B.Oedipus Family Tree
Plot – unity of action
II. Major Themes A.Psychological 1.Search for identity a.Archetypal theme— b.What is man? – riddle of the Sphynx (solved the first time, but not the second) a.Price of self knowledge b.The monster within
II. Major Themes A Psychological (continued) 2. child pays for the sins of the father 3. Pride
II. Major Themes B.Social Level 1. duty to the society 2. the search for the truth a. The truth—all is suffering b. Blindness—sight imagery
II. Major Themes C.Universal Level 1.Respect for the gods 2.What the gods are or represent 3. Pride—greatest sin against the gods (anti – sophists and Socrates?)
Fate or Free Will 4. Fate and Free Will – –They interact: one creates the other –Greeks had no trouble with the paradox
Fate or Free Will
The terrifying question about Oedipus, even more than his inability to escape his fate, is the role of chance—he just hap- pened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. What happened to him could just as easily have happened to any of us.
III. Characters A.Oedipus: he thinks he knows who he is B. Jocasta C. Creon
III. Characters D.Tieresius E. Chorus F. Messenger G. Shepherd/Soldier
IV. Style A.Formal tragic form—Define: 1.Prologue: spoken before chorus appears 2.Parados: chorus’ song as it first enters 3.Five dramatic scenes 4.Stasimon: choral odes at the end of each episode—reflects on that episode 5.Exodus: choral song as they exit B. Contagion imagery—don’t forget the plague!
IV. Style C.Eyes—sight—blindness symbolism D. Use of Irony 1. symmetrical— 2. structural-- (see list)