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Chapter 4 Sociopolitical Dimensions of Worldviews Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Sociopolitical Dimensions of Worldviews Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Sociopolitical Dimensions of Worldviews Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

2 Value Orientation Model of Worldviews Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck (1961): Racial/cultural group variations in: Time Focus (past, present, future) Human activity (being, being in-becoming, doing) Social relations (lineal, collateral, individualistic) People/Nature (subjugation to, harmony with, mastery over) Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

3 Locus of Control Rotter (1966) Belief that one can or cannot control outcomes Internal Locus of Control (IC) - People can shape their own fate External Locus of Control (EC) - Future determined more by chance Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

4 Locus of Responsibility Jones (1972, 1997) Degree of responsibility or blame place on the individual OR system Internal Locus of Responsibility (IR) - Person is to blame for his/her circumstances External Locus of Responsibility (ER) - System is to blame for his/her circumstances Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

5 Internal Locus of Control (IC)- Internal Locus of Responsibility (IR) “I am responsible for my own fate and circumstances in my life” Western culture stresses this worldview Considered to be optimal in U.S. Society Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

6 External Locus of Control (EC)- Internal Locus of Responsibility (IR) “I have little control over my fate but I am totally to blame for the circumstances in my life” Represents a handicap in Western culture Marginalized individuals with internalized self-hate may have this worldview Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

7 External Locus of Control (EC)- External Locus of Responsibility (ER) “I have little control over my fate and I am not to blame for the circumstances in my life” Marginalized groups develop “learned helplessness” (Seligman, 1982) Circumstances like racism, poverty, unemployment, etc. exacerbate this Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

8 Internal Locus of Control (IC)- External Locus of Responsibility (ER) “I have control over my fate and I can change the circumstances of my life” Pride in one’s racial identity Social Activism Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (4)

9 Implications for Social Work Practice As consciousness increases, people of color will likely hold an IC-ER worldview White social workers’ trustworthiness and credibility may be challenged May view the social worker as part of the “establishment” IC-ER likely to play active role in therapy Social worker can help clients integrate aspects of worldview Multicultural Social Work Practice – Chapter (3)


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