Presentation on theme: "Scotland. HISTORY The Scottish history begins when the Romans invaded Great Britain in in the first century a. c. ( called Caledonia ) Then, in V century."— Presentation transcript:
HISTORY The Scottish history begins when the Romans invaded Great Britain in in the first century a. c. ( called Caledonia ) Then, in V century a.c the celtics immigrants from Ireland, called Scots whent to the north of Clyde. After the Northmands conquired England in 1066 a lot of anglo-saxons of England whent to the lowlands of Scotland. In 1290 Margaret gets the throne, when she died a lot of people wanted the crown. Edward I of England wanted the crown, and he offered it to John of Baliol and he became king.
William Wallace was the first who fighted for the freedamn of Scotland. He won the english in Stirling Bridge in 1297, but his army was derrotated the year after and William Wallace get captured and executated, the english put his head on the London bridge. In Northampton in 1328, England finally gave freedamn to Scotland.
SITUATION ·Scotland is in the north of the United Kingdom.
THE CAPITAL : Edinburgh
THE MOST IMPORTANT CITIES Edinburgh Inverness Dundee Glasgow Stirling Aberdeen
FLAG AND ROYAL STANDARD
National anthem: Flower of Scotland 1. O flower of Scotland When will we see Your like again That fought and died for Your wee bit hill and glen And stood against him Proud Edward's army And sent him homeward Tae think again 2. The hills are bare now And autumn leaves lie thick and still O'er land that is lost now Which those so dearly held And stood against him Proud Edward's army And sent him homeward 3. Those days are passed now And in the past they must remain But we can still rise now And be the nation again And stood against him Proud Edward's army And sent him homeward Tae think again
RELIGION The most prevalent religion in Scotland are the protestants Principal churches ·Kirk ·Prestyberian
LITERATURE Three majors Scottish literaty figures: ∙ Moly Hunter : (born 1922), is a Scottish writer. Born and bred near Edinburgh in the small village of Longniddry. She currently resides in Inverness. Her debut was TheSmartest Man in Ireland in She writes fantasy for children, historical stories for young adults and realistic novels for adults. ∙Eric Temple Bell : (February 7, 1883 – December 21, 1960), was a mathematician and science fiction author born in Scotland who lived in the U.S. for most of his life. He published his non‐fiction under his given name and his fiction as John Taine. ∙ John Barbour : (c.1320 – 13 March 1395), was a Scottish poet and the first major named literary figure to write in Scots. His principal surviving work is the historical verse romance, The Brus (The Bruce)