Visigoths legislate Roman tradition of law’s origin Sixth Council of Toledo (638) Lex Visigothorum (653)
Lex Visigothorum “that whoever in time to come shall attain the highest authority in the kingdom shall not ascend the royal throne until he shall have sworn, among the other provisions of his oath, not to permit [the Jews] to violate the Catholic Faith; he shall not favor their infidelity in any whatever.”
Context Christian conversion efforts – Paul John Chrysostom (347-407AD) – Discourage Christian participation in Jewish rituals “Judaizing” Christians
Muslim Invasion The Muslim context Visigothic weakness?
Rise of Islam Arabian peninsula Mohammed (570-632) Revelations and preaching Mecca, Medina
Religion of Islam Allah Koran (651) Monotheism Islam
Religion of Islam Practical ethical and legal guidelines Pillars of Islam
Expansion of Islam Arabian peninsula Byzantine and Persian empires North Africa Spain