Presentation on theme: "Thought of the Day Yesterday we discussed the Constitutional Monarchy. Explain why the English people needed a constitutional monarchy. What issues were."— Presentation transcript:
Thought of the Day Yesterday we discussed the Constitutional Monarchy. Explain why the English people needed a constitutional monarchy. What issues were they facing that caused their need for change? Write 5 complete sentences.
Louis XIV -In 1643, Louis inherits the throne (only 4 years old) -France ruled by his mother & Cardinal Mazarin the Chief Minister -Takes the throne in 1661 -Decided to have control and decision in every aspect of government -Absolutism- ruler holds total power; believed power given from God -Called the Sun God because he wanted the France to revolve around him -1 st king to rule without a Chief Minister
Government & Religion -Established royal court at Versailles -One of the largest palaces in the world -House of king -Location of offices -Believed nobles & princes were danger to the throne -Decided to keep them busy with lavish parties
Government & Religion -Bribed officials to control local government & carry out policies -Launched anti-Protestant policy to convert Huguenots (Protestants influenced by Calvinism) to Catholicism -Destroyed their schools & churches -Flee to England & Germany
Economy & War -cost of palace & courts created financial strains -Minister of Finance Jean Baptiste Colbert suggests to increase exports -Build more roads, bridges, & canals for transportation -Created standing army -Waged 4 wars from 1667- 1713 -War results in famine, causing many people to turn against him -Died in 1715, leaving France a huge debt