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I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth : And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord ; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born.

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Presentation on theme: "I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth : And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord ; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born."— Presentation transcript:

1 I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth : And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord ; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried ; he descended into hell ; the third day he rose again from the dead ; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost ; the holy catholic church ; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins ; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen

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4 The Intermediate State “Now there was a rich man, and he habitually dressed in purple and fine linen, joyously living in splendor every day. “And a poor man named Lazarus was laid at his gate, covered with sores, and longing to be fed with the crumbs which were falling from the rich man’s table; besides, even the dogs were coming and licking his sores. “Now the poor man died and was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried. “In Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far away and Lazarus in his bosom." (Luke 16:19-23)

5 The Intermediate State for Believers "It came about as her [Rachel’s] soul was departing (for she died), that she named him Ben-oni; but his father called him Benjamin."(Genesis 35:18) "we are of good courage, I say, and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord."(2 Corinthians 5:8) "But I am hard-pressed from both directions, having the desire to depart and be with Christ, for that is very much better;"(Philippians 1:23)

6 The Resurrections 2 in type "“Do not marvel at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear His voice, and will come forth; those who did the good deeds to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil deeds to a resurrection of judgment." (John 5:28-29)

7 Resurrection of the Just & Unjust "“Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt." (Daniel 12:2) "“But this I admit to you, that according to the Way which they call a sect I do serve the God of our fathers, believing everything that is in accordance with the Law and that is written in the Prophets; having a hope in God, which these men cherish themselves, that there shall certainly be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked." (Acts 24:14-15)

8 The Resurrections of the Just Harvest Imagery: 1.First Fruits 2.General 3.Gleanings

9 First Fruit Resurrection " But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep." (1 Corinthians 15:20) "But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, after that those who are Christ’s at His coming," (1 Corinthians 15:23)

10 General Resurrection "For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.“ (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17) " Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality." (1 Corinthians 15:50-53)

11 Gleanings Resurrection "Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years." (Revelation 20:4-6)

12 Resurrection of the Unjust " Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every one of them according to their deeds. Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire."(Revelation 20:11-15)

13 Unanswered Question of Resurrections

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15 God Alone Possesses Eternality "who alone possesses immortality and dwells in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see. To Him be honor and eternal dominion! Amen." (1 Timothy 6:16) Just as many things can have ‘being’ but only one thing can be ‘being’ so God alone is eternality and grants eternality to those and what He chooses.

16 “You have never met a mere mortal.” - C. S. Lewis

17 Two Types of Eternal State “These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.” - Matthew 25:46

18 Belief in Eternal Punishment

19 The Reality of Eternal Punishment “If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life crippled, than, having your two hands, to go into hell, into the unquenchable fire.” - Mark 9:43 “But I will warn you whom to fear: fear the One who, after He has killed, has authority to cast into hell; yes, I tell you, fear Him!” – Luke 12:5 Hell or Hades mentioned by name 15 times in the Gospels (never in John); Other references to punishment, banishment, eternal fire, outer darkness, etc.

20 The Reality of Eternal Punishment “These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power” – 2 Thess. 1:9 “For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;” – 2 Peter 2:4 “And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.” – Revelation 20:15

21 Names for Eternal Punishment Gehenna - burning trash dump near Jerusalem; literally means “Hinnom gulch”; the infamous site of high places where children were sacrificed to Molech Sheol – used in Old Testament; means “the unseen world”. Can mean the grave or the world of the spirits; temporary abode of the dead or wicked Hades – used in New Testament to usually signify place for departed unsaved spirits ; temporary abode of the dead or wicked Tartaroo – only used once, in 2 Peter 2:4 in reference to fallen angels, most likely those found in Genesis 7 and 19. It was a reference to a place/dungeon even lower than hades Lake of Fire – all encompassing second death; final

22 The Purpose of Eternal Punishment God’s justice demands a Hell – not all evil is punished in this life God’s love demands a Hell – God cannot force people to love Him – He allows that separation God’s sovereignty demands a Hell – without it there would be no final victory over evil Human depravity demands a Hell – only punishment for sin against an eternal God is eternal punishment Human dignity demands a Hell – freedom to choose God or not Cross of Christ implies a Hell – why suffer for people if there is not an unthinkable punishment

23 Annihilationism A teaching that says the unsaved will not suffer an everlasting conscious Hell. Also called conditional immortality. Unbelievers will be put out of existence after the final judgment, and will suffer varying degrees of punishment before extinction. One of the doctrines of the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

24 How can God Send People to Hell?

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27 God’s Antecedent/Consequent Will “Hence it may be said of a just judge, that antecedently he wills all men to live; but consequently wills the murderer to be hanged. In the same way God antecedently wills all men to be saved, but consequently wills some to be damned, as His justice exacts….” – Thomas Aquinas Summa of the Summa

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29 “The wheels of God’s judgment may grind slow but they grind exceedingly fine.” - A. W. Tozer

30 Who Obtains Eternal Life? 2008 Survey by Pew Forum on Religion

31 The Biblical Case for Heaven

32 Facts on Current Heaven Created by God (Rev 10:6) Gods residence (1 Kings 8:30) Location of God’s throne room (Is. 66:1, Rev 4) High and holy place (Is. 57:15) Located in the third heaven (2 Cor. 12:1-4) Material place (Rev. 4 & 5) Place of glorious worship (Rev 4 & 5) Intermediate residing place of redeemed who have died (Rev 6:9-11 and 7:15) Satan has access to it (Rev 12:10) Many angels are there (Rev 5:11) Jesus is there serving as High Priest (Heb 8:1 and 9:11-15)

33 The Residents of Heaven

34 "Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them … And He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” And He said, “Write, for these words are faithful and true.”” (Revelation 21:1-5) The Place for Eternal Life

35 "And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them," (Revelation 21:2-3) New Jerusalem

36 The New Jerusalem will be1,500 miles in every direction; stretch from Canada to the Gulf of New Mexico and from the Atlantic coast of America to Colorado and then extend 1,500 miles up. Would it accommodate all the redeemed? Dr. Henry Morris in the Revelation Record estimates if 20 billion people are saved throughout history, and that 50% of the New Jerusalem are devoted to public needs, each person would still have a cubicle block with about 75 acres on each surface. New Jerusalem

37 The Nature of Eternal Life

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40 Comparing This Life & Eternity "For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us."(Romans 8:18) "Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth. For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory."(Colossians 3:2-4) "For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal."(2 Corinthians 4:17-18)

41 Comparing This Life & Eternity "And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.”" (Revelation 21:3-4)

42 Two Eternities in Two Verses Judgment Salvation

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44 I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth : And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord ; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried ; he descended into hell ; the third day he rose again from the dead ; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost ; the holy catholic church ; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins ; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen


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