Presentation on theme: "Royal Theories. French Monarchy HHenry IV (Navarre) dies and son takes throne LLouis XIII (1610-1643) YYoung, weak leader CCardinal Richelieu."— Presentation transcript:
French Monarchy HHenry IV (Navarre) dies and son takes throne LLouis XIII (1610-1643) YYoung, weak leader CCardinal Richelieu takes control Chief minister and most trusted adviser Determined to strengthen monarchy
To strengthen Monarchy Richelieu… La Rochelle’s defeat was a signal to all Protestants to GET OUT of France!
Louis’ Wars LLouis XIV developed a professional army WWar an incessant activity WWaged four wars 1667-1713 11667: invaded Spanish Netherlands Lost to Dutch, English, Swedes 11672: Dutch War: invaded United Provinces Brandenburg, Spain, HRE ended war
How did Spain go from the most populous empire in the world to ruin? Treasury was empty: Philip II went bankrupt in 1596 Wars, excesses of court Government was inefficient Armed forces out of date Philip III (1598-1621) Weaknesses became apparent Philip IV (1621-1665) Put country in hands of Gaspar de Guzman, count of Olivares 30 Years War caused revolts and civil war Dutch Independence declared in Peace of Westphalia