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An Introduction to William Shakespeare, The Globe, & Julius Caesar.

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1 An Introduction to William Shakespeare, The Globe, & Julius Caesar

2 Who is William Shakespeare? William ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare An English playwright An English playwright “The Bard” “The Bard” 34,000,000 Google hits 34,000,000 Google hits

3 William ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare ( ) William Shakespeare Born to John & Mary Ardon Shakespeare in the town of Stratford-upon-Avon Born to John & Mary Ardon Shakespeare in the town of Stratford-upon-Avon Baptized on April 26 th Baptized on April 26 th Believed to go the King’s New School in Stratford. Believed to go the King’s New School in Stratford.

4 William ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare( ) William Shakespeare Married Anne Hathaway. Married Anne Hathaway. Daughter: Susanna Daughter: Susanna Twins: Hamnet and Judith Twins: Hamnet and Judith

5 : Robert Greene calls Shakespeare an “upstart crow.”

6 William ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare( ) William Shakespeare He returned to Stratford-upon-Avon between and died on April 23, He returned to Stratford-upon-Avon between and died on April 23, 1616.

7 1594: a member of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men or King’s Men. The Globe was built in 1599 and where Shakespeare performed his playsThe Globe Julius Caesar debuted at the Globe in 1599.

8 The English Renaissance ( ) Exploration of religion, literature, theater, art, & science

9 The English Renaissance ( ) The English Renaissance ( ) Elizabethan belief in the “Natural Order” and the use of signs. Elizabethan belief in the “Natural Order” and the use of signs. The Divine Rule of Kings The Divine Rule of Kings GodAnimals Man Plants

10 The Protestant Reformation & The English Reformation: literature, art, science, & philosophy The Ideal Elizabethan Man Educated Conversationalist Noble Adventurer

11 Queen Elizabeth I: Succession Crisis Shakespeare could not speak directly to the political affairs of the time, but the facts were... Shakespeare could not speak directly to the political affairs of the time, but the facts were... Queen Elizabeth was single. Queen Elizabeth was single. Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne was difficult. Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne was difficult. Edward, Lady Jane Gray, Mary, and Elizabeth Edward, Lady Jane Gray, Mary, and Elizabeth The Wars of the Roses: The Wars of the Roses: Lancaster and York (the red and the white roses) Lancaster and York (the red and the white roses) Elizabeth’s great-grandfather, Henry Tudor, took the throne. Elizabeth’s great-grandfather, Henry Tudor, took the throne. Where is England Going? Shakespeare could not speak directly to the political affairs of the time, but the facts were...

12 Queen Elizabeth I: The Succession Crisis The Wars of the Roses: Lancaster and York (the red and the white roses) Elizabeth’s great-grandfather, Henry Tudor, took the throne. Queen Elizabeth was single. Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne was difficult. Edward, Lady Jane Gray, Mary, and Elizabeth Ruled from November 1558-March 1603

13 Queen Elizabeth I: Succession Crisis The Wars of the Roses: The Wars of the Roses: Lancaster and York (the red and the white roses) Lancaster and York (the red and the white roses) Elizabeth’s great-grandfather, Henry Tudor, took the throne. Elizabeth’s great-grandfather, Henry Tudor, took the throne. Queen Elizabeth was single. Queen Elizabeth was single. Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne was difficult. Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne was difficult. Edward, Lady Jane Gray, Mary, and Elizabeth Edward, Lady Jane Gray, Mary, and Elizabeth

14 England Emerges as a World Power England: England: English army suppressing rebellions in Ireland English army suppressing rebellions in Ireland England attempts to colonize the New Word by establishing the colony of Roanoke in 1585 and then again in England attempts to colonize the New Word by establishing the colony of Roanoke in 1585 and then again in The political uncertainty of the throne’s succession The political uncertainty of the throne’s succession

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16 What is a Roman Dictator? The office of chief executive was divided between two Consuls, but the government allowed for an individual to have absolute power for a brief period of time. The office of chief executive was divided between two Consuls, but the government allowed for an individual to have absolute power for a brief period of time. The senate ordered one Consul to dominate as Dictator for 6 months. The senate ordered one Consul to dominate as Dictator for 6 months. Julius Caesar served 10 one-year terms, and in 44 BCE, Caesar is named dictator perpetuus or perpetual dictator and is assassinated. Julius Caesar served 10 one-year terms, and in 44 BCE, Caesar is named dictator perpetuus or perpetual dictator and is assassinated.

17 60 BCE: Elected to Consul and works with Pompey & Crassus. 58 BCE: Caesar leaves Rome for Gaul. 49 BCE: Pompey orders to return to Rome. 48 BCE: Caesar defeats Pompey. 46 BCE: Caesar is appointed Dictator. 44 BCE: Caesar is named perpetual dictator at the feast of Lupercalia. 44 BCE: Caesar is named perpetual dictator at the feast of Lupercalia Caesar is assassinated on March 15. Caesar Timeline

18 The Plot of Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Rome is in a state of political upheaval. Rome is in a state of political upheaval. The Soothsayer warns Caesar to “beware the Ides of March.” The Soothsayer warns Caesar to “beware the Ides of March.” Cassius pulls Brutus aside to persuade him to join the conspiracy against Caesar. Cassius pulls Brutus aside to persuade him to join the conspiracy against Caesar. Brutus is forced to make a decision. Should he betray his friend or risk the freedom every Roman citizens? Brutus is forced to make a decision. Should he betray his friend or risk the freedom every Roman citizens?

19 The Tragic Hero According to Aristotle, the tragic hero was an extraordinary man who rises to a high position and then falls from the position, which results in his desolation and disillusionment and / or death. According to Aristotle, the tragic hero was an extraordinary man who rises to a high position and then falls from the position, which results in his desolation and disillusionment and / or death. There are two forces working against the tragic hero. The tragic hero’s flaw or hamartia and fate. There are two forces working against the tragic hero. The tragic hero’s flaw or hamartia and fate. Is it the tragedy of Caesar or Brutus? Is it the tragedy of Caesar or Brutus?

20 What Did You Learn? What Did You Learn? Get out your phone to answer the following question!


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