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Louis XIV of France (1638-1715). Background Assumed the throne around age 5 (when Louis XIII died) Assumed the throne around age 5 (when Louis XIII died)

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Presentation on theme: "Louis XIV of France (1638-1715). Background Assumed the throne around age 5 (when Louis XIII died) Assumed the throne around age 5 (when Louis XIII died)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Louis XIV of France ( )

2 Background Assumed the throne around age 5 (when Louis XIII died) Assumed the throne around age 5 (when Louis XIII died) Would end up being king of France for 72 Years Would end up being king of France for 72 Years Known as the Sun King Known as the Sun King

3 The sun is associated with Apollo, god of peace and arts. Also brings life to everything. The sun is associated with Apollo, god of peace and arts. Also brings life to everything.

4 Achievements Louis made himself his own Chief Minister in 1661 when Cardinal Mazarin died Louis made himself his own Chief Minister in 1661 when Cardinal Mazarin died Prime example of absolute monarch Prime example of absolute monarch He did select some ministers, such as Jean Baptiste Colbert He did select some ministers, such as Jean Baptiste Colbert Spent enormous amounts of money on buildings Spent enormous amounts of money on buildings

5 Louix XIV built a portion of the Louvre (French fortress and national art museum) Louix XIV built a portion of the Louvre (French fortress and national art museum)

6 In Versailles, Louis XIII’s hunting lodge was turned into a grand palace In Versailles, Louis XIII’s hunting lodge was turned into a grand palace Louis XIV moved to Versailles permanently in 1682 Louis XIV moved to Versailles permanently in 1682 Would take about 25 years to build Would take about 25 years to build Monarchs all over France try to imitate Versailles Monarchs all over France try to imitate Versailles

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8 Aerial view of Versailles Aerial view of Versailles

9 Versailles Versailles

10 Versailles Gardens Versailles Gardens

11 The Hall of Mirrors is 73 meters long, 10.5 meters wide and 12.3 meters high The Hall of Mirrors is 73 meters long, 10.5 meters wide and 12.3 meters high

12 Louis XIV’s bedroom windows Louis XIV’s bedroom windows

13 The King’s bed The King’s bed

14 Versailles Chapel Versailles Chapel

15 Why Build Versailles? Away from diseased cities (10 miles from Paris) Away from diseased cities (10 miles from Paris) Allowed Louis XIV to keep friends and enemies nearby Allowed Louis XIV to keep friends and enemies nearby Away from rebellious masses Away from rebellious masses

16 Later Activities Revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685 Revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685 The Edict of Nantes (1598) gave some religious freedom to French Protestants (Huguenots) The Edict of Nantes (1598) gave some religious freedom to French Protestants (Huguenots) Fought the War of Spanish Succession ( ) Fought the War of Spanish Succession ( )  His grandson, Philip V, inherited the throne of Spain

17 Louis XIV was at war for 40 years of his 72 year-reign Louis XIV was at war for 40 years of his 72 year-reign This will result in very little territory and will almost bankrupt the country This will result in very little territory and will almost bankrupt the country This will be huge problems, especially in 1789 This will be huge problems, especially in 1789

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19 Group Work In assigned groups, your job is to do the following: In assigned groups, your job is to do the following:  Create an extremely extravagant modern-day palace  Your palace must have at least 5 features (gardens, pools, statues, etc.)  Your palace must have color  Your palace must have a name  Be creative and have fun with it!


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