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Chapter 15 Multiple Choice Central & Eastern Europe.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Multiple Choice Central & Eastern Europe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 Multiple Choice Central & Eastern Europe

2 1. In comparing the political and economic situations in Western Europe with that of Central and Eastern Europe during the 18 th century,

3 a. There were fewer cities and more noble-run estates in Eastern Europe b. The economy was more agrarian in Western Europe c. There was almost constant warfare in central and Eastern Europe d. Both a and c

4 Both a and c

5 2.Prussia and Russia achieved considerable military power and influence with the decay or military defeat of

6 a. Sweden, Poland and France b. England c. Sweden, Norway and the Ottoman Empire d. None of the above

7

8 3. The Great Northern War ( ) was fought between

9 a. Prussia and Russia b. Russia and Austria c. Sweden and Russia d. Prussia and Sweden

10 c. Sweden and Russia

11 4. The Ottoman Empire made its greatest military impression on Europe in 1683 by

12 a. Laying siege to Vienna b. Conquering southern France c. Invading Russia along the river routes d. Seizing lands north of the Black Sea

13 a. Laying siege to Vienna

14 5. With regard to the Polish Diet, the phrase, liberum veto, refers to

15 a. Newly acquired free speech among Poles b. A restriction of personal liberty c. The disbanding of the Diet by a single member d. The freeing of the serfs

16 c. The disbanding of the Diet by a single member

17 6. One of the major reasons for Polish instability and decline in the 18 th century was

18 a. The lack of an effective central authority in the form of either a king or parliament b. A united nobility which prevented monarchical appointments c. Disorganization and rebellion with the army d. Both b and c

19 a. The lack of an effective central authority in the form of either a king or parliament

20 7. The legislature of Poland was ineffective because

21 a. The nobles had been weakened by court life b. Unlike the West, there was no two-party system c. The monarchy permitted no real freedom of speech d. Every member had the right to order the body disbanded

22

23 8. The Diet was

24 a. The Polish supreme court b. A central legislative body in Sweden c. The body of elite Austrian soldiers d. None of the above

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26 9. The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648

27 a. Ended control over Germany by the Holy Roman emperor b. Permitted Protestantism within the HRE c. Recognized the political autonomy of more than 300 corporate German political entities d. Both b and c

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29 10. The most difficult area to govern in all the Hapsburg lands was

30 a. Hungary because of the Magyar nobility b. Bohemia because of its aggressive king, Stephen c. Naples because of the Spanish presence d. Lombardy because of the restrictions of the Treaty of Utrecht

31 a. Hungary because of the Magyar nobility

32 11. Leopold I was important since

33 a. He resisted the advances of the Turks and Louis XIV b. He extended Hapsburg holdings over the Balkan Peninsula and Romania c. He reorganized the Magyar army d. Both a and b

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35 12. The Pragmatic Sanction

36 a. Was spread (promulgated)by Leopold I and stressed pragmatism in finding a solution to religious strife in Hapsburg lands b. Provided a legal basis for the inheritance of Maria Theresa to the Hapsburg throne c. Was promulgated by Frederick II in support of his claim to the Hapsburg throne d. None of the above

37 b. Provided a legal basis for the inheritance of Maria Theresa to the Hapsburg throne

38 13. The ruling family in Prussia was called the

39 a. Habsburgs b. Westphalians c. Hohenzollerns d. Hanoverians

40 c. Hohenzollerns

41 14. The term “Prussian” is synonymous with

42 a. Corruption b. Military discipline c. Administrative vigor d. Both b and c

43

44 15. The landowning nobility of Prussia was known as

45 a. The boyars b. The Magyars c. The Junkers d. The cabinet

46 c. The Junkers

47 16. Frederick William the Great Elector succeeded in

48 a. Defending German lands from the onslaught of the Ottoman Empire b. Forging an army which enforced his will without the approval of the nobility c. Establish trade between German principalities and France d. All of the above

49 b. Forging an army which enforced his will without the approval of the nobility

50 17. Frederick William I was known for his

51 a. Aggressive and warlike policies b. Acquisition of a royal title c. Fanatical military discipline d. Acquisition of the throne for his daughter

52 b. Fanatical military discipline

53 18. Frederick I was called the least “Prussian” of his family because

54 a. He failed at maintaining military discipline b. He failed to conquer Pomerania c. He patronized the arts d. He lost control of his nobility

55 c. He patronized the arts

56 Any questions?????


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