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Ms, Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms, Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms, Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 “Bonaparte,” 1798 Jacques Louis David FIRST CONSUL “Bonaparte,” 1798 Jacques Louis David FIRST CONSUL

3 Europe in 1800

4 Haitian Independence, Toussaint L’Ouverture

5 Louisiana Purchase, 1803 $15,000,000

6 “Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon & the Empress Josephine,” 1806 by David December 2, 1804

7 “Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon & the Empress Josephine,” 1806 by David “Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon & the Empress Josephine,” 1806 by David

8 Napoleon’s Throne

9 The Imperial Image

10 The “Empire” Style Madame Recamier by David, 1808

11 Napoleonic Europe

12 Napoleon’s Major Military Campaigns Trafalgar (Lord Nelson: Fr. Navy lost!)  BritainFrance  1805: Sea Power

13 Battle of Trafalgar

14 “Crossing the Alps,” 1805 Paul Delaroche “Crossing the Alps,” 1805 Paul Delaroche

15 Napoleon’s Major Military Campaigns  Britain Austria Russia (3 rd Coalition) France  1805: -Danube -Italy eULM: France defeated Austria. eAUSTERLITZ: France defeated Austria & Russia. eULM: France defeated Austria. eAUSTERLITZ: France defeated Austria & Russia. Crowned “King of Italy” on May 6, 1805

16 Napoleon’s Major Military Campaigns JENA: French Troops in Berlin! BERLIN DECREES (“Continental System”)  Prussia France  1806: Confed. of the Rhine 4th Coalition created

17 British Cartoon “Continental System” ( )

18 Napoleon’s Major Military Campaigns Grand Duchy of Warsaw FRIEDLAND: France defeated Russian troops : France occupied Konigsberg, capital of East Prussia!  Russia France  1806: Poland

19 “Napoleon on His Imperial Throne” 1806 By Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres “Napoleon on His Imperial Throne” 1806 By Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

20 Josephine’s Divorce Statement (1807) With the permission of our august and dear husband, I must declare that, having no hope of bearing children who would fulfill the needs of his policies and the interests of France, I am pleased to offer him the greatest proof of attachment and devotion ever offered on this earth.

21 Napoleon’s Divorce Statement (1807) Far from ever finding cause for complaint, I can to the contrary only congratulate myself on the devotion and tenderness of my beloved wife. She has adorned thirteen years of my life; the memory will always remain engraved on my heart.

22 Marie Louise (of Austria) married Napoleon on March 12, 1810 in Vienna

23 Marie Louise (of Austria) with Napoleon’s Son (Napoléon Francis Joseph Charles: ) Marie Louise (of Austria) with Napoleon’s Son (Napoléon Francis Joseph Charles: )

24 Peninsular Campaign: ePortugal did not comply with the Continental System. eFrance wanted Spain’s support to invade Portugal. eSpain refused, so Napoleon invaded Spain as well!  Spain Portugal France  1806: Continental System

25 The Surrender of Madrid May, 1809

26 “Third of May, 1808” by Goya (1810)

27 “Napoleon in His Study” 1812 by David “Napoleon in His Study” 1812 by David

28 Napoleon’s Empire in 1810

29 Napoleon’s Family Rules! eJerome Bonaparte  King of Westphalia. eJoseph Bonaparte  King of Spain eLouise Bonaparte  King of Holland ePauline Bonaparte  Princess of Italy eNapoléon Francis Joseph Charles (son)  King of Rome eElisa Bonaparte  Grand Duchess of Tuscany eCaroline Bonaparte  Queen of Naples

30 Napoleon Invades Russia: ,000 French troops

31 Moscow on Fire!

32 Napoleon & His Grand Armee at the Gates of Moscow

33 Russian General Kutuzov The Russian army defeated the French at Borodino.

34 Napoleon’s Retreat from Moscow (Early 1813) 100,000 French troops retreat—40,000 survive!

35 The 6 th Coalition  Britain, Russia. Spain, Portugal, Prussia, Austria, Sweden, smaller German states France  : Napoléon’s Defeat

36 Battle of Dresden (Aug., 26-27, 1813) eCoalition  Russians, Prussians, Austrians. eNapoléon’s forces regrouped with Polish reinforcements. e100,000 coalition casualties; 30,000 French casualties. eFrench victory. eCoalition  Russians, Prussians, Austrians. eNapoléon’s forces regrouped with Polish reinforcements. e100,000 coalition casualties; 30,000 French casualties. eFrench victory.

37 Napoleon’s Defeat at Leipzig (October 16-17, 1813) “Battle of the Nations” Memorial

38 Napoleon Abdicates! eAllied forces occupied Paris on March 31, eNapoléon abdicated on April 6 in favor of his son, but the Allies insisted on unconditional surrender. eNapoléon abdicated again on April 11. eTreaty of Fontainbleau  exiles Napoléon to Elba with an annual income of 2,000,000 francs. eThe royalists took control and restored Louis XVIII to the throne. eAllied forces occupied Paris on March 31, eNapoléon abdicated on April 6 in favor of his son, but the Allies insisted on unconditional surrender. eNapoléon abdicated again on April 11. eTreaty of Fontainbleau  exiles Napoléon to Elba with an annual income of 2,000,000 francs. eThe royalists took control and restored Louis XVIII to the throne.

39 Napoleon in Exile on Elba

40 Louis XVIII (r )

41 “The War of the 7 th Coalition”  Britain, Russia. Prussia, Austria, Sweden, smaller German states France  1815: Napoleon’s “100 Days” eNapoléon escaped Elba and landed in France on March 1, 1815  the beginning of his 100 Days. eMarie Louise & his son were in the hands of the Austrians. eNapoléon escaped Elba and landed in France on March 1, 1815  the beginning of his 100 Days. eMarie Louise & his son were in the hands of the Austrians.

42 Napoleon’s Defeat at Waterloo (June 18, 1815) Duke of Wellington Prus. General Blücher

43 Napoleon on His Way to His Final Exile on St. Helena

44 Napoleon’s Tomb

45 What is Napoleon’s Legacy?


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