Assyrians – An aggressive mountain people who had waged war for years against the Babylonians
They used iron & expanded their empire through warfare. They conquered Egypt & the Fertile Crescent. The used military innovations such as the battering ram, cavalry, chariots, infantry, camels for desert warfare, conscription (drafting soldiers), & the siege tower.
They also built roads for troop movement and a messenger service to report rebellions. Conquered people were tortured and enslaved people were often deported They divided their empire into provinces or states ruled by a governor & protected by the military.
Walls of Nineveh Their capital at Nineveh on the Tigris river had a constant supply of fresh water. Tribute and stolen treasures were displayed in this huge capital.
Assurbanipal the last and mightiest of the Assyrian kings From his library in Nineveh
Nebuchadnezzar - Leader of the Chaldeans He rebuilt Babylon and had the Hanging Gardens constructed. After conquering and destroying the city of Jerusalem, he deported the Jews (Hebrews) to Babylon to keep them from rebelling This is when the Hebrews decided it was important to write down their history
Dragon of Marduk on the wall of the Ishtar Gate
Lion in Nebuchadnezzar's throne room Design in throne room
The Star Gazers of Babylon Priests observed and kept detailed records of the heavens from a 300 ft high Ziggurat Chaldeans believed that the stars determined human destiny and could be used to foretell the future They observed the Zodiac, a belt of 12 constellations and the phases of the moon
Priests studied the stars. Their study formed the basis for both astronomy & astrology.