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AP Euro review Absolutism and Constitutionalism. 1. That England developed a constitutional government can be explained by all of the following EXCEPT.

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Presentation on theme: "AP Euro review Absolutism and Constitutionalism. 1. That England developed a constitutional government can be explained by all of the following EXCEPT."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP Euro review Absolutism and Constitutionalism

2 1. That England developed a constitutional government can be explained by all of the following EXCEPT a. the English gentry blurred the sharp distinctions between the nobility and middle classes that existed elsewhere in Europe b. revolution strengthened the role of Parliament c. the Tudor monarchs, lacking a legitimate claim to the throne had to cooperate with Parliament d. a tradition of individual rights served as a basis for constitutionalism e. the English kings rejected the divine right theory

3 2. Which of the following statements best describes France in the early eighteenth century? a. France had been successful in asserting its superiority over England, its chief rival b. The French government was gradually becoming more democratic c. Other European nations considered France a weak and ineffective nation d. France was the cultural and intellectual center of Europe e. The French system of government was among the most innovative in Europe

4 3. The Glorius Revolution of resulted in all of the following EXCEPT a. the elevation of William III and Mary as the monarchs b. the passage of the Bill of Rights c. specification that all future monarchs must be members of the Church of England d. an agreement that in the event of no heirs, the Hanover house would succeed the Stuarts e. the flight and abdication of James II

5 Answers  1. E  2. D  3. D

6 4. All of the following statements about the Edict of Nantes are true EXCEPT A. it was revoked by Louis XIV B. it guaranteed freedom of worship for French Calvinists C. it banned Huguenot military forces and fortresses D. it followed a major civil war in France E. it promoted religious toleration

7 5. Which is the best way to describe Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate? A. absolute monarchy B. democracy C. parliamentary democracy D. military dictatorship E. constitutional monarch

8 6. The rule of James I created hostility in England because A. James unfairly taxed the peasants B. The people of England wanted James to be more involved in foreign affairs so that England could assert her superiority over Europe C. James refused to reform the Church of England D. James agreed to an alliance with France without consulting with Parliament E. The people of England believed that James waas not a strong enough leader

9 Answers  4. C  5. D  6. C

10 7. In terms of political and military power, the major losers from the rise of Peter the Great's Russia were A. Portugal and the Dutch Republic B. Britain and France C. Austria and Prussia D. Sweden and Poland E. Italy and Spain

11 8. The Instrument of Government (1653) A. specified that Charles I was to be executed B. recognized Scotland and Ireland as free and independent nations C. established the Protectorate and resulted in Cromwell's designation as Lord Protector D. was a plan devised by John Locke for the government of the Carolina policy E. recognized the demands of the leaders of the Fronde

12 9. The Fronde were directly primarily against A. the authority of the absolute monarchy B. the poverty of the peasants C. the influence of the nobility D. the wealth of the church E. the power of the French landlord

13 Answers  7. D  8. C  9. A

14 10. Probably the most important step Cardinal Richelieu took to strengthen centralized government and an absolutist monarchy in France was A. to levy taxes on the clergy and nobility B. to involve France in the Thirty Years' War C. to institute the intendant system to oversee the provinces D. to suppress the musketeers E. to ban private duels within the realm

15 11. Peter the Great's principal foreign policy achievement was A. the defeat of France in the Great Northern War B. the defensive alliance with England C. the Russian gains in the three partitions of Poland D. the acquisition of ports on the Baltic Sea E. the acquisition of ports on the Black Sea

16 12. All of the following statements about Cardinal Richelieu are true EXCEPT that he A. supported the German Protestants in their struggle with the Hapsburgs B. supported Gustavus Adolphus in his military operations in Germany C. deprived the Huguenots of their religious rights D. waged war on the French Protestants E. sought to weaken the power of the nobility

17 Answers  10. C  11. D  12. C

18 13. All of the following were characteristics of Russia when Peter the Great assumed the throne EXCEPT A. a split in the Russian Orthodox church B. a weak nobility C. limited contact with the rest of Europe D. lack of access to the Baltic and Black Seas E. an economy based on agriculture

19 14. Which of the following was NOT a provision of the Declaration of Rights, 1689? A. Only Parliament can levy taxes. B. All laws must be made with the consent of Parliament. C. Due process of law is guaranteed. D. The right of trial by jury is guaranteed. E. The king may maintain a standing army without the consent of Parliament

20 15. As a consequence of the English Glorious Revolution of A. the principle of constitutional monarchy was firmly established B. Anglicanism was proclaimed the faith of the state C. Charles I was executed D. Oliver Cromwell was overthrown E. the Hanoverian dynasty came to the throne

21 Answers  13. B  14. E  15. A

22 16. What was one of the main characteristics of English absolutism in the seventeenth century? A. The English monarchy had the support of the Puritans B. Absolutism in England stressed the role of the church C. The Tudor and Stuart monarchs were popular with the people D. English kings were successful in ruling without Parliament E. England's constitutional absolutism limited the power of the king

23 17. Cardinal Richelieu sought A. decentralization of the French government B. support for the Catholic cause at home, and support for the Protestant cause abroad C. oppression of Catholicism in France and abroad D. support for Catholicism abroad, but not in France E. the revocation of the Edict of Nantes

24 18. The Dutch Golden Age was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT A. agricultural diversification B. an active Baltic grain trade C. urban prosperity D. reliance on overseas trade to support a vast domestic shipbuilding industry E. religious intolerance

25 Answers  16. E  17. B  18. E

26 19. Jean Baptiste Colbert helped to A. promote peace in Europe B. advance France's prosperity by his economic policies C. ensure that every class received equal treatment under Louis XIV's rule D. form a strong and peaceful relationship between the French monarchy and the church E. overthrow the French throne

27 20. The British political system in the age of Walpole was A. characterized by little or no dissent B. generally more responsive to public opinion than Continental governments were C. dominated by a large standing army D. immune to popular political pressure E. characterized by a lack of free speech and association

28 21. In the last years of his reign, Charles II A. had a cooperative relationship with Parliament B. was extremely suspicious of Parliament C. watched his enemies get elected to Parliament D. exiled his traitorous brother, James E. exonerated many of his political enemies

29 Answers  19. B  20. B  21. B

30 22. The Bill of Rights recognized by William and Mary A. limited the monarchy's powers and guaranteed civil liberties to England's privileged classes B. entitled the monarchs to enhanced powers over their subjects C. openly allowed Roman Catholics to occupy the English throne D. limited Parliamentary powers E. limited the monarchy's powers and guaranteed civil liberties to all English citizens

31 23. The series of laws passed by Parliament between 1661 and 1665 known as the Clarendon Code stipulated all of the following EXCEPT A. strict adherence to the Book of Common Prayer B. Presbyterians being excluded from Parliament C. Roman Catholics being excluded from Parliament D. penalties being imposed for attending Anglican worship services E. Independents being excluded from Parliament

32 24. The group known as the Roundheads in the English Civil War referred to A. supporters in the northwest half of England B. supporters of Parliament C. peasantry that supported Charles I D. Catholics that supported Charles I E. supporters of Charles I

33 Answers  22. A  23. D  24. B

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