Presentation on theme: "CHARLES ROBERT. CORONATION May 1301 The Archbishop of Esztergom, Gregory, crowned Charles Robert as Hungarian king, however Charles Robert wasn´t crowned."— Presentation transcript:
CORONATION May 1301 The Archbishop of Esztergom, Gregory, crowned Charles Robert as Hungarian king, however Charles Robert wasn´t crowned with St. Stephen´s crown. He was crowned with an occassional crown.
The magnates of Hungary didn´t accept him as king and didn´t consider his coronation valid. They claimed that the Hungarian king can only be crowned with the Holy Crown of St. Stephen. Charles Robert was crowned for the third time. With the Holy Crown as Charles I. on 27 August 1310 in Székesfehérvár.
ATTACK OF BUDA September 1302 Charles Robert attacked Buda, however he was unsuccessful. Because of this, the papal legate imposed a curse on Buda – interdiction, but it was not valid.
WAY TO THE THRONE 1305 King Václav II. died and his son, Václav III. became king of Bohemia. The young king had many enemies so he signed a peace treaty with Albrecht and renounced the Hungarian throne. It happened in the summer of 1305 so the way to the throne of Hungary opened for Charles Robert.
The decisive battle between Charles Robert and Amade Aba´s sons happened on 15 June 1312 at Rozhanovce. Charles with the help of the citizens of Košice defeated the Amade clan.
After the battle the situation changed in favour of Charles and he became a sovereign monarch. He confiscated the properties of the Amade clan and gave them away to the nobility. With this act Charles found favour with most of Hungary´s middle aristocracy.
DEVELOPMENT OF COUNTRY AND RENEWAL OF ECONOMY At first Charles reorganized the Monetary Chambers. On the example of Florence, they started minting Hungarian gold florins in 1325. Gold coins – florins Silver pennies Denars
Besides the economy Charles reorganized the Hungarian military system too. He allowed his magnates to have their private troops – bandérie. Those together with the Royal Army formed the basis of the military forces of the Hungarian Empire. DEVELOPMENT OF COUNTRY AND RENEWAL OF ECONOMY
1335 Charles was also a good diplomat. In Visegrád he organized a meeting for the three kings – the king of Hungary, John Luxemburg of Bohemia and Kazimir III. of Poland. Through diplomatic ways he secured the throne of Neaples for his son Andrew. DEVELOPMENT OF COUNTRY AND RENEWAL OF ECONOMY
1327 Freedom of mines – the mine owners were allowed to mine ore but they had to pay taxes – urbura. Two Mining Chambers were established in Kremnica and Smolník. DEVELOPMENT OF COUNTRY AND RENEWAL OF ECONOMY