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Revelation 4. 3.The Vision of the Seven Seals (Rev. 4-7) a. The Throne-room of Heaven (Rev. 4:1-11)

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Presentation on theme: "Revelation 4. 3.The Vision of the Seven Seals (Rev. 4-7) a. The Throne-room of Heaven (Rev. 4:1-11)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Revelation 4

2 3.The Vision of the Seven Seals (Rev. 4-7) a. The Throne-room of Heaven (Rev. 4:1-11)

3 Revelation 4:5-6a And from the throne proceeded lightnings, thunderings, and voices. Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. Before the throne there was a sea of glass, like crystal. And from the throne proceeded lightnings, thunderings, and voices. Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. Before the throne there was a sea of glass, like crystal.

4 “lightnings, thunderings, and voices” Simply showing the power of God Simply showing the power of God

5 Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God Representing the Holy Spirit (Rev. 1:4; 3:1) Representing the Holy Spirit (Rev. 1:4; 3:1)

6 “sea of glass” The sea was before the tabernacle, a basin of water The sea was before the tabernacle, a basin of water 1 Kings 7:23; Exodus 30:18 1 Kings 7:23; Exodus 30:18 What we see here is the original What we see here is the original Some say it represents Christ who cleans us from sin. Some say it represents Christ who cleans us from sin.

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9 “sea of glass” Having said that there appears to be a real sea in front of the throne Having said that there appears to be a real sea in front of the throne Rev. 15:2 Rev. 15:2

10 Revelation 4:6b-8 And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne, were four living creatures full of eyes in front and in back. The first living creature was like a lion, the second living creature like a calf, the third living creature had a face like a man, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle. The four living creatures, each having six wings, were full of eyes around and within. And they do not rest day or night, saying: "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and is to come!" And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne, were four living creatures full of eyes in front and in back. The first living creature was like a lion, the second living creature like a calf, the third living creature had a face like a man, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle. The four living creatures, each having six wings, were full of eyes around and within. And they do not rest day or night, saying: "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and is to come!"

11 Is this the first time we have seen these creatures? Ezekiel 1:5; 10:12 Ezekiel 1:5; 10:12 Their being “covered with eyes” (vs. 6; Ezek. 1:18; 10:12) suggests that nothing on earth is hidden from them (Zech. 4:10), with the implication, “How much less from God himself?” Their being “covered with eyes” (vs. 6; Ezek. 1:18; 10:12) suggests that nothing on earth is hidden from them (Zech. 4:10), with the implication, “How much less from God himself?”

12 Four Creatures Beasts is a very poor translation, should be creatures or living beings Beasts is a very poor translation, should be creatures or living beings Are different from angels (Rev. 5:11) Are different from angels (Rev. 5:11) Similar to Isaiah 6:2, 3 Similar to Isaiah 6:2, 3 Earliest view said they represent the four gospels and their writers, thus John is the eagle Earliest view said they represent the four gospels and their writers, thus John is the eagle Irenaus said the lion is John, calf is Luke, man is Matthew, and the eagle is Mark Irenaus said the lion is John, calf is Luke, man is Matthew, and the eagle is Mark

13 Four Creatures Augustine – Lion is Matthew; Calf is Luke; Man is Mark; and the eagle is John Augustine – Lion is Matthew; Calf is Luke; Man is Mark; and the eagle is John Jerome – Lion is Mark; Calf is Luke; Man is Matthew; and John is the eagle Jerome – Lion is Mark; Calf is Luke; Man is Matthew; and John is the eagle

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15 Burgkmair, Hans the Elder ( )

16 CANO, Alonso Spanish painter (1601, Granada, d. 1667, Granada)

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18 Four Creatures Later view said they are the four virtues of Christianity Later view said they are the four virtues of Christianity Lion- nobility Lion- nobility Ox/calf – patience or strength Ox/calf – patience or strength Man – intelligence/wisdom Man – intelligence/wisdom Eagle - speed Eagle - speed

19 Four Creatures Likely represent the four types of life on earth Likely represent the four types of life on earth Lion – wild Lion – wild Calf – domesticated Calf – domesticated Man – us Man – us Eagle – birds Eagle – birds

20 Jewish rabbinical document Midrash Shemoth says: Four kinds of exalted beings have been created in the world. The most exalted of all living creatures is man; of birds, the eagle; of cattle, the ox; and of wild beasts, the lion. All of these received royalty and had greatness bestowed upon them, and they are set under the chariot of God… Four kinds of exalted beings have been created in the world. The most exalted of all living creatures is man; of birds, the eagle; of cattle, the ox; and of wild beasts, the lion. All of these received royalty and had greatness bestowed upon them, and they are set under the chariot of God…

21 lion Lion is king of the beasts, he represents majesty and power Lion is king of the beasts, he represents majesty and power

22 Ox or calf The most useful of domesticated animals in the ancient world, representing patience, strength, and continuous labor The most useful of domesticated animals in the ancient world, representing patience, strength, and continuous labor

23 man Man is the highest order of God’s creation, representing intelligence and rational power Man is the highest order of God’s creation, representing intelligence and rational power

24 Eagle Excels among the birds and portrays swiftness and supremacy Excels among the birds and portrays swiftness and supremacy

25 Covered with eyes God has oversight over all things, He is in charge God has oversight over all things, He is in charge Notice why they praise Him Notice why they praise Him

26 Revelation 4:9-11 Whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, who lives forever and ever, the twenty-four elders fall down before Him who sits on the throne and worship Him who lives forever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying: "You are worthy, O Lord, To receive glory and honor and power; For You created all things, And by Your will they exist and were created." Whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, who lives forever and ever, the twenty-four elders fall down before Him who sits on the throne and worship Him who lives forever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying: "You are worthy, O Lord, To receive glory and honor and power; For You created all things, And by Your will they exist and were created."

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28 Scene in heaven Notice there is no liturgy in heaven Notice there is no liturgy in heaven They cast their crowns before Him They cast their crowns before Him What do they sing about? What do they sing about? In chapter five it is about redemption In chapter five it is about redemption Notice that God did not create out of need, he chose to create Notice that God did not create out of need, he chose to create This gives us purpose in life This gives us purpose in life

29 How would you describe God to someone who had never read the Bible? How would you describe God to someone who had never read the Bible? How would you answer someone who complained that “heaven will be boring…like one eternal church service”? How would you answer someone who complained that “heaven will be boring…like one eternal church service”?

30 Revelation 5 The Lamb of God and the Scroll

31 3.The Vision of the Seven Seals (Rev. 4-7) a. The Throne-Rome in Heaven (Rev. 4:1-11) b. The Scroll and the Lamb (Rev. 5:1-14)

32 How would you describe the scene from Chapter 4?

33 Revelation 5:1 And I saw in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a scroll written inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals. And I saw in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a scroll written inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals. See Ezekiel 2:9-10 and Exodus 32:15-16 See Ezekiel 2:9-10 and Exodus 32:15-16

34 What is the purpose of a seal? To designate ownership To designate ownership To assure genuineness of authorship To assure genuineness of authorship To protect against change or abuse of contents To protect against change or abuse of contents To conceal until official opening by the proper authorities To conceal until official opening by the proper authorities In the case of a will, seven seals were required with the presence of designated individuals for the solemn opening. In the case of a will, seven seals were required with the presence of designated individuals for the solemn opening.

35 Revelation 5:2-3 Then I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, "Who is worthy to open the scroll and to loose its seals?" And no one in heaven or on the earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll, or to look at it. Then I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, "Who is worthy to open the scroll and to loose its seals?" And no one in heaven or on the earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll, or to look at it.

36 Why was no one able to open it? It took a divine hand, one that is able to control history again see Ezekiel 2:9-10 It took a divine hand, one that is able to control history again see Ezekiel 2:9-10 Recall back in 4:11 what it said about God Recall back in 4:11 what it said about God The contents of the scroll is described in 6:1-8:1 in the sense that it tells us what happens when it is opened and God’s will is executed. The contents of the scroll is described in 6:1-8:1 in the sense that it tells us what happens when it is opened and God’s will is executed.

37 Strong Angel Daniel 8:16; 9:21; 12:4 speak of a mighty angel Daniel 8:16; 9:21; 12:4 speak of a mighty angel Revelation 10:1 and 18:21 use this same term Revelation 10:1 and 18:21 use this same term

38 Revelation 5:4 So I wept much, because no one was found worthy to open and read the scroll, or to look at it. So I wept much, because no one was found worthy to open and read the scroll, or to look at it. Why did he weep? Why did he weep? The prophet is drawn in emotionally and later physically. The prophet is drawn in emotionally and later physically.

39 Revelation 5:5 But one of the elders said to me, "Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and to loose its seven seals." But one of the elders said to me, "Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and to loose its seven seals."

40 Overcome or Prevail is a theme To overcome is to plow through difficult times and stay faithful, this is a clear theme. To overcome is to plow through difficult times and stay faithful, this is a clear theme. Clearly Jesus has overcome Clearly Jesus has overcome

41 Lion of the Tribe of Judah Genesis 49:9-10 Genesis 49:9-10

42 Root of David Isaiah 11:1 Isaiah 11:1

43 He has prevailed What has He prevailed over? What has He prevailed over? Romans 1:3-4 Romans 1:3-4 Matthew 12 – sign of Jonah Matthew 12 – sign of Jonah At the same time get the central paradox of the Christian faith: Jesus conquered not by force but by death, not by violence but by martyrdom. The Lion is a Lamb! At the same time get the central paradox of the Christian faith: Jesus conquered not by force but by death, not by violence but by martyrdom. The Lion is a Lamb!

44 Revelation 5:6-7 And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth. Then He came and took the scroll out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne. And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth. Then He came and took the scroll out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne.

45 What is the significance of a lamb? Remember our discussion on Wednesday night from Hebrews? Remember our discussion on Wednesday night from Hebrews? John 1:29 John 1:29 Gen. 22:7 Gen. 22:7 Exodus 29:38-42 Exodus 29:38-42 Passover 1 Cor. 5:7 Passover 1 Cor. 5:7 Isaiah 53:6, 7, 12 Isaiah 53:6, 7, 12 1 Peter 1:18, 19 1 Peter 1:18, 19

46 7 horns 1 Samuel 2:10 1 Samuel 2:10 Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth Jeremiah 48:25 The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD. Jeremiah 48:25 The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD. Daniel 7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings. Daniel 7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings. Daniel 8:3-8 Daniel 8:3-8 Lam. 2:3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel Lam. 2:3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel

47 Notice the source of this great power Notice the source of this great power Zech. 4:6 So he answered and said to me: "This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ Says the LORD of hosts. Zech. 4:6 So he answered and said to me: "This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ Says the LORD of hosts.

48 7 eyes Jesus has the fullness of the Holy Spirit Jesus has the fullness of the Holy Spirit Luke several times says this, Acts 10 Luke several times says this, Acts 10 Zech. 3:9; 4:6, 10 Zech. 3:9; 4:6, 10 But in Zechariah, the eyes that watch over God’s purposes and his people belong to God Himself; here they belong to the Lamb But in Zechariah, the eyes that watch over God’s purposes and his people belong to God Himself; here they belong to the Lamb

49 Revelation 5:8 Now when He had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each having a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints Now when He had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each having a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints Harp – a lyre or zither Harp – a lyre or zither

50 Prayers of the saints What would have been astonishing to a Jewish audience is that the prayers are offered to the Lamb What would have been astonishing to a Jewish audience is that the prayers are offered to the Lamb

51 Revelation 5:9-10 And they sang a new song, saying: "You are worthy to take the scroll, And to open its seals; For You were slain, And have redeemed us to God by Your blood Out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, And have made them to be a kingdom of priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth." And they sang a new song, saying: "You are worthy to take the scroll, And to open its seals; For You were slain, And have redeemed us to God by Your blood Out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, And have made them to be a kingdom of priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth."

52 What does He redeemed us mean? Same word for bought or purchased, simply to buy back something Same word for bought or purchased, simply to buy back something

53 Will there every be an end to discrimination, racism, elitism, and injustice? Will people ever regard each other as equals? Will there every be an end to discrimination, racism, elitism, and injustice? Will people ever regard each other as equals? Verse 9 says yes Verse 9 says yes Genesis 1:31 Genesis 1:31

54 Kingdom of Priests Refer back to Rev. 1:6 Refer back to Rev. 1:6

55 Revelation 5:11-13 Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice: "Worthy is the Lamb who was slain To receive power and riches and wisdom, And strength and honor and glory and blessing!" And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard saying: "Blessing and honor and glory and power Be to Him who sits on the throne, And to the Lamb, forever and ever!" Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice: "Worthy is the Lamb who was slain To receive power and riches and wisdom, And strength and honor and glory and blessing!" And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard saying: "Blessing and honor and glory and power Be to Him who sits on the throne, And to the Lamb, forever and ever!"

56 Myriads The word used is murios – basically means a number so big I can not count it, so we translate it ten thousand times ten thousand often times The word used is murios – basically means a number so big I can not count it, so we translate it ten thousand times ten thousand often times Daniel 7:10 Daniel 7:10

57 Revelation 5:14 Then the four living creatures said, "Amen!" And the twenty-four elders fell down and worshiped Him who lives forever and ever. Then the four living creatures said, "Amen!" And the twenty-four elders fell down and worshiped Him who lives forever and ever. Chapter 4 is all about creation, Chapter 5 is all about redemption Chapter 4 is all about creation, Chapter 5 is all about redemption


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