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ENERGIE- MANAGEMENT PRODUTIONS- MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUKTUR- MANAGEMENT Produkte und Systeme der Informationstechnologie Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn.

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Presentation on theme: "ENERGIE- MANAGEMENT PRODUTIONS- MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUKTUR- MANAGEMENT Produkte und Systeme der Informationstechnologie Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENERGIE- MANAGEMENT PRODUTIONS- MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUKTUR- MANAGEMENT Produkte und Systeme der Informationstechnologie Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. Slide 1

2 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide 2 Topic: Building better Infrastructure with Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) & GIS at the community level Nelson Philip Fernandes Asst. General Manager GIS & SCADA Project Execution

3 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide 3 A few words about PSI… Parent Company Based in Germany with a European Presence of over 40 years PSI-InControl based in Sungai Buloh, Selangor, pioneers in In-House Engineering and R&D Feather-In-The-Cap projects to name a few: TNB Corporate GIS (CGIS) SMART Tunnel & Penchala Tunnel Automation SCADA & Distribution Automation for Entire Malaysia (TNB) & Thailand (PEA) Electrical Utilities KTMB Seramban-Gemas Double Tracking Project Automation Proton City Automation A few words about me… Electronics & Communication Engineer by Profession have been involved primarily in the SCADA Automation Industry Member of TNB’s CGIS-PMO (Corporate Geospatial Implementation System - Project Management Office) Planned, Lead & Executed numerous Change Management initiatives including KAIZEN principles Leading organization-wide ERP solutions inclusive of Business Process Re-Engineering initiatives Overall 16 years in the Automation industry, with PSI association for the past 10 years

4 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide 4 Table of Content Rural Development What can we urban talents do to improve quality of life at the rural front? Some GIS assisted benefits to the rural communities Software/Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) The SDLC phase that matters this topic The Missing Link Are we Urban Professionals missing on some of the Key Stakeholders? The Complimenting Communities Rural vs Urban; Strengths vs. Weaknesses The Change Management Approach What is Change Management? Top Reasons Projects Fail { Source: Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu CIO Survey }

5 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide 5 Table of Content The Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) & how it helps build better rural infrastructure at the community level Case studies snapshots A Bit On PGIS How Participatory methods have benefited the Urban communities? Conclusion

6 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide Rural Infrastructure Development What can we urban talents do to improve quality of life at the rural front? Some of the GIS assisted benefits to the rural communities Road & Rail Infrastructure Development Water Infrastructure Development Vegetation & Live Stock Management Livelihood Community Development Climate Predictions & Agriculture Management Pest & Diseases Monitoring & Control We are not discussing these topics in this talk! 6

7 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide Software/Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) Before we proceed further, let us look into a typical software project implementation approach i.e. the SDLC 7 Project Requirements Gathering Phase

8 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide The Missing Link Are we Urban Professionals missing on some of the Key Stakeholders? Who are the project stakeholders? Government Initiating faculty (Town & Planning dept., etc) Project Implementers The rural community who are the beneficiaries of the project Who are the ones involved during the Analysis & Data gathering phase? Project implementers Surveyors Are we missing someone? The rural community? The eventual beneficiary! 8

9 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide The Complimenting Communities Rural vs Urban; Strengths vs. Weaknesses Rural CommunitiesUrban Technologists Very well versed with their local habitat No knowledge of the local environment Technologically un-exposedTechnologically superior Socio-CriticalTime-Critical Less populated, more sense of community living Highly populated, less sense of community living 9

10 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide The Change Management Approach What is Change Management? 10 Managing the changes that would impact & affect an Organization People System Documentation Business Processes CHMT aspects Adapting to change Controlling the change Effecting the change Managing user expectations Academically Topic of Organizational Behavior

11 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide The Change Management Approach Top Reasons Projects Fail 11 Source: Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu CIO Survey % of Firms Mentioning 36% IT Perspective not Integrated 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90% 41% 43% 44% 46% 54% No Horizontal Process View Scope Expansion / Uncertainty Case for Change not Compelling Unrealistic Expectations Inadequate Sponsorship Resistance to Change 65% 72% 82% Addressed by Change Management programme Poor Project Management Project Team Lacking Skills No Change Management Programs

12 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide The Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Definition In simple words, in a PRA approach the rural communities participate right from the information gathering phase to the implementation phase of the rural development. It constitutes to the empowerment of the local communities & assures them of the positives of the development with a sense of ownership. In a PRA approach the technologically superior urban project sponsors leverage on the expertise & diversity of the local knowledge by facilitating the requirements gathering process. 12

13 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide The Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Advantages Spatial technologies like GIS can be used by the community members itself in association with IT professionals ensuring the cultural, social & bio-physical territorial features are captured in the process. 13 The rural communities feel a sense of ownership for the development project

14 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide PRA + GIS = PGIS* Participatory GIS *Not used in the rural context alone, PGIS is slowly but surely gathering pace. Simple examples are Google Maps Navigation Maps (e.g. Malsingmaps) etc… 14

15 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide Concluding Note Sustainable development can be defined as constant improvement in the quality of life for the current generation, ensuring better quality of life for the subsequent generations. With PRA & PGIS put together, we can achieve Sustainable Rural Development in the true sense PRA aims at achieving that goal by involving the rural community in the planning of the rural development GIS project. The rural communities participate in the decision making process & thus in turn display a sense of ownership for the project. PRA + PGIS = “ A GIS System By the People, For The People ” 15

16 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide Any Questions?? 16

17 Copyright (c) by PSI INCONTROL Sdn. Bhd. © PSI AG 2007 Slide Thank You For your Time 17


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