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Chapter 1 You: Growing and Changing Objectives  Identify the three forces that shape personality.  Describe six patterns of growth.  Define self-concept.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 You: Growing and Changing Objectives  Identify the three forces that shape personality.  Describe six patterns of growth.  Define self-concept."— Presentation transcript:


2 Chapter 1 You: Growing and Changing

3 Objectives  Identify the three forces that shape personality.  Describe six patterns of growth.  Define self-concept and self-esteem.  Explain how a person’s character is revealed by his or her behavior.  Describe what it means to be a responsible adult.  Identify possible roadblocks to responsible adulthood.

4 Terms to Know  personality  heredity  inherited traits  environment  acquired traits  growth pattern  puberty  pituitary gland  emotional growth  self-concept  self-esteem  character  citizen  citizenship  volunteerism  goal

5 Did You Know...  Our world has more than 6 billion people.  But no one else is exactly like you.  You are uniquely and wonderfully yourself!

6 Your Personality  Personality: The group of behavioral and emotional traits that distinguish an individual.

7 Factors That Shape Personality  Heredity: The sum of the traits that are passed from your ancestors to you.  Environment: All of the conditions, objects, and circumstances that surround an individual.  Your response to your environment.

8 Heredity  Inherited traits: Traits determined by heredity.  Can you name some inherited traits?

9 Environment  Acquired traits: Traits developed as a result of environmental factors.  Can you name some acquired traits?

10 Heredity-Environment Interaction  An “ear for music” is inherited.  But to become a good instrumentalist, a person must learn to play a musical instrument and practice regularly.

11 Your Growth  Chronological  Physical  Intellectual  Emotional  Social  Philosophical

12 Your Growth Pattern  Growth pattern: The unique pace at which a person grows.  Some types of growth may be rapid while other types are slow.  Your growth pattern and your response to it can influence your personality.

13 Chronological Growth  Is measured by time.  We grow older each minute, hour, day, week, month, and year.  Your attitude about aging says much about you.  Are you comfortable with aging?

14 Physical Growth  Puberty: The time when the body first is able to reproduce.  Pituitary gland: Triggers sudden body change/growth from child to adult.  How might a person’s physical growth affect his or her personality development?

15 Intellectual Growth  Your potential for intelligence is inherited.  But making the effort to develop your mind counts, too!  What kinds of things can you do to grow intellectually?

16 Emotional Growth  Emotional growth: The continuing refinement of emotions or mental states that causes an individual to act in a certain way.  Learning to control and express emotions appropriately.  Learning to handle mood swings.  What can you do to improve a “bad mood?”

17 Social Growth  Learning to relate positively to others.  Appreciating and following rules made for the benefit of all.  What social situations do you wish you could handle better?

18 Philosophical Growth  Finding deeper meaning and purpose in your life.  Choosing the right life direction.  Name some common philosophical goals.

19 Your Self-Concept  Your self-concept is the way you see yourself.  You are unique, and this makes you special!  How are you different from your best friend?

20 How Is Your Self-Concept Formed?  It has been shaped by others’ reactions to your behavior from the time you were very young.  How much are you influenced now by others’ ideas about your abilities?

21 What Is Self-Esteem?  Self-esteem: How you feel about yourself.  If you have self-esteem, you feel good about yourself even though you know you aren’t perfect.  Do you view yourself as a winner or as a “work in progress?”

22 Building Self-Esteem  Identify your strengths.  Talk positively to yourself.  Accept things you cannot change.  Focus on the present and future.  Take one step at a time.  Be a friend to yourself.

23 Your Character  Character: A sense of right and wrong that guides your behavior.  Is partially learned from the people around you.  Building good character is your responsibility!

24 Your Character You build good character when you  obey society’s rules for the benefit of all.  make these rules part of you.  use these rules to guide your behavior throughout life.

25 Becoming a Responsible and Independent Adult Becoming a responsible and independent adult means  juggling many roles at the same time.  building a positive outlook.  keeping troubles in perspective.  knowing when to get help.

26 Virtues That Help Build Character Self-disciplineResponsibility Honesty and integrity Loyalty Compassion and mercy Motivation and hard work *Perseverance*

27 Learning to Be Responsible Learning to be responsible means  trying your best to do what you should do.  admitting mistakes and making amends.  not blaming others for your mistakes.

28 What Does It Mean to Be a Good Citizen?  Citizen: A person who owes loyalty to a government and is entitled to its protection.  Citizenship: The status of being a citizen.  Involves rights and responsibilities.

29 What Does It Mean to Be a Good Citizen? Citizens have the right to  vote  equal treatment under the law  freedom of speech, worship, and other Constitutional privileges  government services

30 What Does It Mean to Be a Good Citizen? Citizens have the responsibility to  vote  obey laws  stay informed on public affairs  pay taxes

31 A Citizen of Your Local Community Being a good citizen of your local community means  helping to make your community a better place to live.  Volunteerism: giving or offering services of your own free will.  How can you contribute to your community?

32 A Citizen of the Larger Community Being a good citizen of the larger community means  caring for the environment.  keeping up with current events worldwide.  staying informed on trends affecting global well-being.

33 Meeting Personal Expectations  Each of us has expectations for life.  Goal: Something you want to achieve or to have.  Name a goal that you have for your life.

34 Roadblocks to Responsible Adulthood  Poverty and unemployment  Crime and violence  Substance abuse  Sexual abuse  Teenage pregnancy  Sexually transmitted diseases

35 Concerns of Young Adults  Having enough money  Staying healthy  Avoiding wrong decisions  The future of the country  Choosing the right career  Getting a good job  Finding the right person to marry  Dealing with family problems  Name some additional concerns that young adults may have.

36 Finding Your Way  Seek reliable information.  Ask questions.  Recognize what is important.  Respect your heritage.  Create your future!

37 How can you make your positive possibilities into realities?

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