Presentation on theme: "Scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision Catherine Hankins MD MSc FRCPC Chief Scientific Adviser to UNAIDS Office of the Deputy Executive Director,"— Presentation transcript:
Scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision Catherine Hankins MD MSc FRCPC Chief Scientific Adviser to UNAIDS Office of the Deputy Executive Director, Programme THE CUTTING EDGE: What's New in Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Rome, 19 th International AIDS Society, July 2011
WHO/UNAIDS Technical Consultation Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention: Research Implications for Policy and Programming Montreux, Switzerland 6- 8 March 2007 Courtesy C Hankins
Facilitating Factors in VMMC scale-up Community buy-in and engagement of traditional leaders Political will and country ownership Strategic communication Strong leadership and coordination from the Ministry of Health with the National and Provincial MC Task Forces Enough resources for service delivery Technical support from partners Capacity to change strategy as new information becomes available Task shifting to clinical officers and nurses Mobility of service delivery: taking services to people Dedication of sites with campaign style Mixed staffing models (public and private/NGO) Practicality: temporary services, continuous services Innovation
Male circumcision for HIV prevention in high HIV prevalence settings: What can mathematical modelling contribute to informed decision making? PLoS Medicine 2009: e1000109 UNAIDS/WHO/SACEMA Women will benefit indirectly, although the effect will be smaller than the direct effect for men and will take longer to develop. The benefits are likely to be large, with one HIV infection averted for every 5 to 15 male circumcisions performed, using a 10 year horizon. 6 modelling teams addressed 8 questions of key concern to policy makers Population-level Impacts by Coverage Medical male circumcision is highly cost-effective with costs to avert one HIV infection from US$150-$900 using a 10 year time horizon.
Number of MC needed per Infection Averted from 2011 to 2025 Courtesy Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, PEPFAR
Decision-makers’ programme planning tool Developed by Futures Institute in collaboration with UNAIDS under the USAID/Health Policy Initiative Supports decision makers to understand the cost and impact of scaling-up male circumcision services by service delivery approach, priority populations, pace of scale-up Populations: –All adult males –15-24 or 15-29 year old males –Adolescents prior to starting sexual activity –Newborns –Men at higher risk of HIV exposure –others
AIDS at 30 Nations at the crossroads Annual male circumcisions for HIV prevention in eight countries* in Eastern and Southern Africa, 2008–2010 * Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe Thousands 100 200 300 400 2008200920100