7Sustaining vs. Disruptive Innovation Incumbents dominate sustaining battlesPace of performance improvementSustaining innovationsAbility to use improvementsPerformanceDisruptive InnovationsTimeTimePerformanceEntrants typically win at disruption
8How does disruptive innovation relate to education?
9Disruption in education Self-taught LearningPersonal TutoringBatch-model ClassroomDisruptive Blended Learning
1050% of all high school courses online by 2019 Online learning is enabling the disruption of traditional models of instructionLinear S-curve logarithms indicate growing online learning adoption50% of all high school courses online by 2019This was the conclusion of the research in Disrupting ClassOnline learning fit the characteristics of a disruptive innovation.Projections show that disruption is happening.
11Disruption distributes access to nonconsumers Credit recoveryDrop outsAP/advanced coursesScheduling conflictsHome-schooled and homebound studentsSmall, rural, urban schoolsUnit recoveryDisaster preparednessTutoringDeveloping countriesPre-KAfter schoolIn the homeIncarcerated youthIn-school suspensionSchool bus commuteSummer schoolTeacher absenteeismMigrant worker familiesForeign languages
12What are the implications of this disruption? Not a disruption of schools. No nonconsumption of schooling. Importance of physical environment.Not a disruption of teachers. Teachers are still important. They do a lot more than just present content and administer assessments.Online learning is a component in the larger system of education (like transistors in TVs).Disruption of traditional instructional models (i.e. factory-model classrooms)
13What is blended learning? Blended learning is a way to leverage online learning in order to overcome the challenges of the traditional system.Why blended learning? Custodial, social, structured.Why blended learning def. and taxonomy? Help structure the conversation in the field.
14The rise of K-12 blended learning Definition of blended learningA formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online learning, with some element of student control over time, place, path and/or pace,And at least in part in a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home.The modalities along each student’s learning path within a course or subject are connected to provide an integrated learning experience.
19Blended Models = Recipes for Success Models are great bc they provide a template for teachers & scalable. Within them, potential to personalize for each setting.
20Station Rotation Model Dr. Kirst said 1956 typing labs, which I also recall from junior high in the 80s, so yes the concept of a lab is not new.As a result, some schools find it the easiest to manage in a way bc simple design; good starting point during training & limited resource access stagesLooks like: kids on devices, headphones in, teachers walking around, coaching from the back, side (low kid movement, high teacher movement; high use of digital content)-rotation station: similar to learning centers; movement on rotation, teacher at one; hand-on, collaborative, inquiry or PBL at 1, digital content, kids w headphones & devices at another (low teacher movement & requires high withitness & transition management)
21personalized practice Rotation Station student movement at transitions Lab Rotationlow student movementhigh teacher movementstudents on deviceswhole group actionpersonalized practiceRotation Stationstudent movement at transitionslow teacher movementhigh teacher “withitness”mix of activities (think centers)small group learningsmall group and personalized practicelab rotation: easiest to manage in a way bc simple design; good starting point during training & limited resource access stagesLooks like: kids on devices, headphones in, teachers walking around, coaching from the back, side (low kid movement, high teacher movement; high use of digital content)-rotation station: similar to learning centers; movement on rotation, teacher at one; hand-on, collaborative, inquiry or PBL at 1, digital content, kids w headphones & devices at another (low teacher movement & requires high withitness & transition management)
22Flipped Classroomdigital content delivered via video (not necessarily via teacher created video; ex TedEd has videos for several flipped lessons which can be customized) outside class or individually; looks like working kids, coaching teacher (high kid movement depending on activity in class, high teacher movement) GOAL is to gain back time with students and teachers working
23What is the best use of the Face-to-Face time? Best use of F2F time? Drives model decision.Lab: teacher in lab facilitates learning but not necessarily content expert so frees up teacher experts to do other things. Ex: at GPS & Mandell use labs for skill building on individual practice level & use of F2F time is for more content, thematic, PBL.Rotation: maximizes teacher instruction for small groups, so can hit different levels or contentFlipped: maximizes teacher as student work facilitator & coach, students actively applying learning while Ts support students
25Change LeadershipCulture does not change because we desire to change it. Culture changes when the organization is transformed – the culture reflects the realities of people working together every day. – Frances HesselbeinThere is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things – Niccolo Machiavelli
36Some models are sustaining; others are disruptive
37Group 2: Change Leadership - Video Station 2 - BreakoutGroup 2: Change Leadership - Video
38Station 2 - Switch by the Heath Brothers - Video
39Station 2 - Group Discussion Where are you hitting the mark? Where are you struggling?Directing the RiderMotivating the ElephantShaping the Path
40Group 3: Classroom Models and Practice - Tinker Station 3 - BreakoutGroup 3: Classroom Models and Practice - Tinker
41Station 3 - Tinker Breakout Tinker (PBL, hands-on component of BL)Topic: Blended models & classroom designTask:Option 1: Using the physical manipulatives & materials, design a classroom space you think would be conducive to the rotation model. Include where the teacher would be, students, and station labels. Take a picture of the design. BONUS Credit: Use the app ShowMe to explain your design.Option 2: Using this Classroom Architecture tool, create a digital design layout of your classroom space to allow for rotation model: