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Spiritual Maturity Training Weekend 1 – Session 2 Biblical Interpretation.

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Presentation on theme: "Spiritual Maturity Training Weekend 1 – Session 2 Biblical Interpretation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spiritual Maturity Training Weekend 1 – Session 2 Biblical Interpretation

2 CROSSING THE RIVER

3 Ephesians 3:4 - In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ Acts 17:11 – Now the Berean Jews... examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true. 1 Peter 3:15 - Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. Mark 4: Then Jesus said to them, “Don’t you understand this parable? How then will you understand any parable? 14 The farmer sows the word.... Can we understand it? How we read the Bible

4 2 Timothy 2:15 - present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth. Acts 17:11 – Now the Berean Jews... examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true. 2 Peter 3:16 - He writes the same way in all his letters... His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction. 1 Timothy 1:7 – They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about Mark 4: “Consider carefully what you hear,” he continued. “With the measure you use, it will be measured to you—and even more. Can we understand it? Yes but it takes work How we read the Bible

5 Remember: Satan doesn’t deny God’s Word—he misinterprets it Genesis 3:1-5 Matthew 4: Timothy 4:1 This is also what false teachers do (2 Peter 3:16) The Role of the Spirit How we read the Bible

6 1 Corinthians 2: The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. 11 For who knows a person’s thoughts except their own spirit within them? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 12 What we have received is not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may understand what God has freely given us. 13 This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, explaining spiritual realities with Spirit-taught words. [c] 14 The person without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness, and cannot understand them because they are discerned only through the Spirit.c The Role of the Spirit How we read the Bible

7 1. Having the Spirit does not mean the Spirit is all we need to interpret Scripture 2. The Spirit won’t do all the work He expects us to use our minds, proper interpretive methods, and good study methods 3. The Spirit does not create new meaning or provide new information 4. The Spirit and the Word will always agree 5. The Spirit does not change the word to suit our purposes 6. The Spirit brings the meaning of the Bible to bear on the reader 7. You don’t have to engage in deep study every time you open the Bible Sometimes you need to quietly enter into God’s presence and drink deeply from his word in a heartfelt manner (while still keeping proper principles in mind) – More on this later The Role of the Spirit – Important Truths How we read the Bible

8 The Bible is one connected book (in many parts) that consists of many types of literature and literary devices Poetry Narrative Public Letters Private Letters Apocalyptic Metaphors Exaggeration Sarcasm Etc. Reading the Book as it was meant to be read How we read the Bible

9 Who should I be speaking to today? You? Or an hypothetical audience 1,000 years into the future? How we read the Bible

10 INTERPRETING A BIBLICAL TEXT

11 1. Pick up the text on their side of the River 2. Navigate around the rocks 3. Finish the journey in our boat “the Principle” 4. Avoid the Context Waterfall 5. Apply “the Principle” onto our side of the River 6. Apply “the Principle” in my life Simple Steps Interpreting a Biblical Text

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14 What does the text say? Observe, observe, observe What is being said What is going on What is the situation What words are used What words or phrases are repeated What are the details; why are they there? Examine sentences; paragraphs, and larger context Be a detective Spend time—you’re not in a hurry Step 1 - Pick up the text on their side of the River Interpreting a Biblical Text

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16 1 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. 2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes [a] so that it will be even more fruitful. 3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. 4 Remain in me, as I also remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me. 5 “I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If you do not remain in me, you are like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned. 7 If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. 8 This is to my Father’s glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples.a 9 “As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Now remain in my love. 10 If you keep my commands, you will remain in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commands and remain in his love. 11 I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and that your joy may be complete. 12 My command is this: Love each other as I have loved you. – John 15:1-12 Step 1 - Pick up the text on their side of the River Interpreting a Biblical Text

17 Repeats “vine” 3 times Repeats “fruit” 5 times Repeats “remain in” 12 times Repeats “love” 7 times Who is the vine? Who is the gardener? What is the purpose of the vine? Of the gardener? What is the result of remaining in the vine? We are not yet interpreting—only observing Step 1 - Pick up the text on their side of the River Interpreting a Biblical Text

18 1. Pick up the text on their side of the River 2. Navigate around the rocks 3. Finish the journey in our boat “the Principle” 4. Avoid the Context Waterfall 5. Apply “the Principle” onto our side of the River 6. Apply “the Principle” in my life Simple Steps Interpreting a Biblical Text

19 We cannot just “read” the Bible and expect to understand it as is without a little work because of the gaps We are separated from the biblical text and original audience by time, geography, culture, and many other factors Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

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22 Language Gap Culture Gap History & Geography Gap Literature Gap Covenant Gap Translation and textual gap Audience Gap Allusion Gap Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

23 LANGUAGE GAP

24 Language Gap The Bible was written in Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic This automatically puts barriers between us and the text Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

25 Language Gap ἐὰ ν μείνητε ἐ ν ἐ μο ὶ κα ὶ τ ὰ ῥ ήματά μου ἐ ν ὑ μ ῖ ν μείν ῃ, ὃ ἐὰ ν θέλητε [a] α ἰ τήσασθε κα ὶ γενήσεται ὑ μ ῖ ν ·a Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

26 Language Gap ἐὰ ν μείνητε ἐ ν ἐ μο ὶ κα ὶ τ ὰ ῥ ήματά μου ἐ ν ὑ μ ῖ ν μείν ῃ, ὃ ἐὰ ν θέλητε [a] α ἰ τήσασθε κα ὶ γενήσεται ὑ μ ῖ ν ·a 7 if ye may remain in me, and my sayings in you may remain, whatever ye may wish ye shall ask, and it shall be done to you. YLT If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. – John 15:7 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

27 TRANSLATION & TEXTUAL GAP

28 Translation and Textual Gap Matthew From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been forcefully advancing, and forceful men lay hold of it. – NIV ’84 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

29 Translation and Textual Gap Matthew From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been forcefully advancing, and forceful men lay hold of it. NIV ’84 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, [a] and the violent take it by force. ESVa 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been suffering violence, [a] and the violent have been seizing it by force. HCSBa 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven [a] suffers violence, and violent men [b] take it by force. NASBab 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been subjected to violence, [a] and violent people have been raiding it. NIV 2011a Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

30 CULTURE GAP

31 Culture Gap I left Appleton and went to a party 2 hours away in Janesville on December 24 th ? How did I get there? What kind of party did I go to? Who went with me? Who else was at the party? Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

32 Culture Gap How many people traveled with Joseph to Bethlehem? About how long after they arrived did Mary give birth? Who helped Mary deliver the baby? Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

33 HISTORY GAP

34 History and Geography Gap 30 And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD: “If you give the Ammonites into my hands, 31 whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the Ammonites will be the LORD’s, and I will sacrifice it as a burnt offering.” 34 When Jephthah returned to his home in Mizpah, who should come out to meet him but his daughter, dancing to the sound of timbrels! She was an only child. Except for her he had neither son nor daughter. 35 When he saw her, he tore his clothes and cried, “Oh no, my daughter! You have brought me down and I am devastated. I have made a vow to the LORD that I cannot break.” 36 “My father,” she replied, “you have given your word to the LORD. Do to me just as you promised, now that the LORD has avenged you of your enemies, the Ammonites. 37 But grant me this one request,” she said. “Give me two months to roam the hills and weep with my friends, because I will never marry.” - Judges 11:30-37 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

35 History and Geography Gap 14 But thanks be to God, who always leads us as captives in Christ’s triumphal procession and uses us to spread the aroma of the knowledge of him everywhere. 15 For we are to God the pleasing aroma of Christ among those who are being saved and those who are perishing. 16 To the one we are an aroma that brings death; to the other, an aroma that brings life. - 2 Corinthians 2:14-16 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

36 History and Geography Gap Can I do this? It takes work There are resources to help God gave us teachers for a reason Often times just being aware is half of the battle Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

37 LITERATURE GAP

38 A Modest Proposal by Johanthan Swift “I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled...”

39 Literature Gap Does it help to know that the previous quote was from a work of satire? Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

40 Literature Gap 29 “Immediately after the distress of those days “‘the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken. – Matthew 24:29 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

41 Literature Gap This is a quote from Isaiah 13:10 referring to the fall of Babylon We must read revelatory (apocalyptic) literature as it was intended to be read That is true for all biblical literary genres Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

42 COVENANT GAP

43 Covenant Gap 46 You did not put oil on my head, but she has poured perfume on my feet. 47 Therefore, I tell you, her many sins have been forgiven—as her great love has shown. But whoever has been forgiven little loves little.” 48 Then Jesus said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.” 49 The other guests began to say among themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” 50 Jesus said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.” - Luke 7:46-50 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

44 Covenant Gap Under which covenant did this take place? How does that change our understanding of what is said and done? Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

45 AUDIENCE GAP

46 Audience Gap 12 Therefore, my dear friends, as you have always obeyed—not only in my presence, but now much more in my absence—continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you to will and to act in order to fulfill his good purpose. - Philippians 2: And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who [i] have been called according to his purpose. 29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters.i - Romans 8:28-29 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

47 ALLUSION GAP

48 Allusion Gap 1 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. 2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes [a] so that it will be even more fruitful. 3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. 4 Remain in me, as I also remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me. 5 “I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.a - John 15:1-5 Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

49 1 I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside. 2 He dug it up and cleared it of stones and planted it with the choicest vines. He built a watchtower in it and cut out a winepress as well. Then he looked for a crop of good grapes, but it yielded only bad fruit. 3 “Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and people of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard. 4 What more could have been done for my vineyard than I have done for it? When I looked for good grapes, why did it yield only bad? Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text 5 Now I will tell you what I am going to do to my vineyard: I will take away its hedge, and it will be destroyed; I will break down its wall, and it will be trampled. 6 I will make it a wasteland, neither pruned nor cultivated, and briers and thorns will grow there. I will command the clouds not to rain on it.” 7 The vineyard of the LORD Almighty is the nation of Israel, and the people of Judah are the vines he delighted in. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distressIsraelsaw Isaiah 5:1-7.

50 Language Gap Translation and textual Gap Culture Gap History and Geography Gap Literature Gap Covenant Gap Audience Gap Allusion Gap Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

51 FIND THE PRINCIPLE

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53 1. Pick up the text on their side of the River 2. Navigate around the rocks 3. Finish the journey in our boat “the Principle” 4. Avoid the Context Waterfall 5. Apply “the Principle” onto our side of the River 6. Apply “the Principle” in my life Simple Steps Interpreting a Biblical Text

54 Find the principle of the passage The principle is the “main point” of the text The principle should be reflected in the text The principle should not be culturally bound The principle should correspond to the teaching of all Scripture The principle should be relevant to both the biblical and contemporary audience Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

55 Find the principle of the passage 12 I know what it is to be in need, and I know what it is to have plenty. I have learned the secret of being content in any and every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in want. 13 I can do all this through him who gives me strength. - Philippians 4:12-13 Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

56 Language Gap Translation and textual Gap Culture Gap History and Geography Gap Literature Gap Covenant Gap Audience Gap Allusion Gap Remember Step 2 – Navigate around the rocks Interpreting a Biblical Text

57 Find the principle of the passage The principle is the “main point” of the text The principle should be reflected in the text The principle should not be culturally bound The principle should correspond to the teaching of all Scripture The principle should be relevant to both the biblical and contemporary audience Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

58 Find the principle of the passage 12 I know what it is to be in need, and I know what it is to have plenty. I have learned the secret of being content in any and every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in want. 13 I can do all this through him who gives me strength. Principle: Christ will give believers the ability to be content in a variety of circumstances that come as a result of following him faithfully Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

59 Find the principle of the passage 8 Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension. 9 Likewise, I want women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments, 10 but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness. - 1 Timothy 2: “If a bull gores a man or woman to death, the bull is to be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible. 29 If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or woman, the bull is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death. - Exodus 21:28-29 Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

60 Find the principle of the passage The principle is the “main point” of the text The principle should be reflected in the text The principle should not be culturally bound The principle should correspond to the teaching of all Scripture The principle should be relevant to both the biblical and contemporary audience Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

61 Find the principle of the passage 8 Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension. 9 Likewise, I want women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments, 10 but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness. - 1 Timothy 2:8-10 Christian men will demonstrate the truth of Christ to those around, in part, by leading in prayer and living in unity. Christian women should demonstrate the truth of Christ to those around, in part, by finding their beauty from within and dressing modestly not through outward things Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

62 Find the principle of the passage 28 “If a bull gores a man or woman to death, the bull is to be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible. 29 If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or woman, the bull is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death. - Exodus 21:28-29 God’s people should not hold one another responsible for honest accidents but they shouldn’t benefit from them either. They should be held responsible though if they have acted negligently. Step 3 – Finish the Journey on “The Principle” Interpreting a Biblical Text

63 1. Pick up the text on their side of the River 2. Navigate around the rocks 3. Finish the journey in our boat “the Principle” 4. Avoid the Context Waterfall 5. Apply “the Principle” onto our side of the River 6. Apply “the Principle” in my life Simple Steps Interpreting a Biblical Text


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