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WINES OF THE WORLD I Week Six Chile, Argentina & South Africa.

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Presentation on theme: "WINES OF THE WORLD I Week Six Chile, Argentina & South Africa."— Presentation transcript:

1 WINES OF THE WORLD I Week Six Chile, Argentina & South Africa

2 SOUTHAMERICA ©WSET ® 2003 Vine Growing Areas Intense Vine Growing Areas N 0 1000 Km 0 500 Miles 35S 30S 25S Montevideo Buenos Aires Santiago San Juan Mendoza ACONCAGUAREGION CENTRAL VALLEY CENTRAL VALLEY REGION MAIPO VALLEY CASABLANCA VALLEY MENDOZA SAN JUAN RIO NEGRO RIO GRANDE DO SUL CHILE BRAZIL PARAGUAY ARGENTINA URUGUAY A T L A N T I C O C E A N P A C I F I C O C E A N

3 CHILE  History  Missionaries planted pais (mission grape) in mid-1500s  French influence is great since mid- 1700s; vines brought over, and viticulture and viniculture styles, etc.; even came over to make wine during phylloxera outbreak in France  Chilean bureaucracy until 1980s kept them behind rest of the world; international investment started coming in and is now know for more than “cheap” wine

4 CHILE  Cheap labor still  Majority of wine produced is exported; different than what locals drink  Nicknamed “Bordeaux of South America” because of consistency, quality and grapes  Long, narrow country; Andes separate it from Argentina  Free from major pests (phylloxera) and diseases due to seclusion and natural boundaries (valleys between ocean and Andes Mountains, desert and ice; irrigation from melted snow from Andes contributed too

5 CHILE  More than 20 grape varieties and some had been misidentified (carmenere for one)since when they were brought over hundreds of years ago  Whites - chardonnay, sauvignon blanc  Reds - carmenere, cabernet sauvignon, merlot  Many wine regions of importance, but most are located in the Vale Central; 600 mile long grape-growing area that is about the same size as California  Warm, dry, sunny, Mediterranean-like climate, but does vary from North to South  Cabernet sauvignon with beef!

6 SOUTHAMERICA ©WSET ® 2003 Vine Growing Areas Intense Vine Growing Areas N 0 1000 Km 0 500 Miles 35S 30S 25S Montevideo Buenos Aires Santiago San Juan Mendoza CASABLANCA VALLEY MENDOZA SAN JUAN RIO NEGRO RIO GRANDE DO SUL ARGENTINA CHILE BRAZIL PARAGUAY ARGENTINA URUGUAY A T L A N T I C O C E A N P A C I F I C O C E A N VALE CENTRAL

7 ARGENTINA  History  Missionaries planted criolla (mission grape) in late-1500s  Heavier influence from Spanish and Italians with grape vines brought over  Went from cheap bulk to finer wines in mid-1990s  Local consumption has decreased dramatically over the past few decades, so need to export now  Foreign investment and modernization like Chile  Mendoza is the center  Two companies dominating market

8 ARGENTINA  Argentina, Andes, Altitude  Sunny and above sea level in foothills  In rain-shadow of Andes  No where near large body of water like other major wine regions  Irrigation needed; dry, but higher yields with  Phylloxera – not a problem which is similar to Chile

9 ARGENTINA  Grapes  Malbec – full-bodied, brambly; the star  Torrontes – medium-bodied, dry, similar to gewurztraminer  Criolla – mission grape  Italian (bonarda, barbera, sangiovese), tempranillo and International (cabernet sauvignon)  Big red wines with beef (asado)

10 34S 32S BOBERG REGION COASTAL REGION BREEDE RIVER VALLEY REGION Other Vine Growing Districts SOUTH AFRICA CAPE PROVINCE N 0 50 100 Km 0 50 Miles ©WSET ® 2003 Cape Town Stellenbosch Paarl Franschhoek Swellendam Elgin Hermanus Walker Bay I N D I A N O C E A N ATLANTIC OCEAN ROBERTSON SWELLENDAM KLEIN KAROO WORCESTER PAARL TULBAGH CONSTANTIA STELLENBOSCH

11 SOUTH AFRICA  History  Making wine for over 300 years,  Heavily influenced by Old World techniques and purchases; on trade route  Apartheid  Gaining sales again, but quality suffered; since 1990s, trying to regain world-wide respect  Large cooperatives dominate

12 SOUTH AFRICA  Most vineyards located in south and western coastal areas  Influenced by coastal breezes off Atlantic and Indian Oceans  Key grapes  Whites – chenin blanc, sauvignon blanc  Reds – pinotage (cross between pinot noir and cinsault)  Influence on cuisine by Dutch, English and local culture


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