Presentation on theme: "Relationships Among Organisms"— Presentation transcript:
1 Relationships Among Organisms Reporting Category 5Interdependence Within Environmental SystemsStation 16Relationships Among Organisms
2 Essential Question – Bell Ringer What types of relationships may exist among the different organisms living together in an ecosystem?Parasitism, mutualism, commensalism, competition, and predator/prey
3 Pre-Review Question True True or False Any relationship in which two species live close together is called “symbiosis”.True
4 Pre-Review QuestionA relationship in which one organism is helped and another organism is neither helped nor hurt is called:MutualismParasitismCompetitionCommensalism
5 Pre-Review QuestionA type of symbiosis in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed is called:MutualismParasitismPredationCommensalism
6 Draw this chart in your journal Draw this chart in your journal. Determine the relationship based on the card description.OrganismsParasitismCommensalismMutualismPredator/PreyCompetition1. Flea and Dog2. Alligator and Bird3. Fungus and Algae4. Fly and Ant5. Clown Fish and Sea Anemone6. Cows and Cattle Bird7. Scorpion and Moth8. Plants9. Aphids and Ants10. Vines and Trees11. Eagles and Fish12. Rams13. Lichen and Trees
7 Check your answers:Parasitism: flea and dog, fly and antCommensalism: cows and cattle egrets, lichen and treeMutualism: Alligator and bird, fungus and algae, clownfish and sea anemone, aphids and antsPredator/Prey: Scorpion and moth, hawks and fishCompetition: plants, plants and trees, vines and trees,rams
8 Part 2 - Food Web: Use this food web to answer the questions on the next three slide.
9 Discuss with partner. Based on the food web from the previous slide,… 14. Which organism, the roadrunner or the owl, competes more for its food? What evidence in the food web confirms this?The roadrunner competes more for its food, since it has to compete with the lizard. In this food web, the owl does not have to compete for food with any other organisms.15. Which organism in the food web exists only as a predator?The bobcat, since no other organism in the food web preys on it.
10 Draw the chart in your journal and determine if the organism is a predator, prey or both. Use the food web to help you.
12 Discuss with partner17. Explain why some organisms may be both predator and prey.The roadrunner preys on lizards and other organisms, but is preyed upon by the owl. The owl, in turn, is preyed upon by the bobcat. In this food web, only the plants (the cone flower and the grass prairie) are prey only, and only the bobcat is a predator only.
13 I need to remember………Organisms in an ecosystem exhibit different types of relationships as they interact.Some ways organisms interact is by competing for food and other resources.Relationships that may be found in an ecosystem include parasitism, commensalism, mutualism, and predator/prey.
14 A form of symbiosis in which both organisms benefit is called: Post Review QuestionA form of symbiosis in which both organisms benefit is called:MutualismParasitismCommensalismPredation
15 Post Review QuestionEcosystems consist of a wide variety of organisms. In an ecosystem with scattered open woodlands and streams, the black rhinoceros flourishes. Tick birds feed on insects on the rhino’s body. The rhino is warned of danger by the calls of the tick birds. Both the tick birds and the rhinos benefit from this association. The relationship between the bird and the rhino is an example of:CommensalismMutualismParasitismPredation
16 Post Review QuestionIn Tanzania, cape buffaloes are often found grazing in the grasslands with birds called cattle egrets nearby. The buffaloes flush insects out of the grasses, and the birds eat the insects. The buffaloes do not appear to be helped or harmed by the relationship. What kind of relationship does this demonstrate?PredationParasitismCommensalismMutualism
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