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Solanaceae: the Nightshade family.

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Presentation on theme: "Solanaceae: the Nightshade family."— Presentation transcript:

1 Solanaceae: the Nightshade family

2 Classification Kingdom: Plantae Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae

3 General Information Genera: about 95 Species: over 2000
Distribution: temperate and tropical; greatest diversity found in Central and South America

4 Habit: Herbs Shrubs Trees Lianas (woody vines)

5 Leaves: Pinnately veined Alternate Simple Exstipulate Often hairy

6 Inflorescences: Solitary or cymose Flowers: Bisexual Usually actinomorphic Superior ovary Axile placentation Usually have 5 petals, 5 sepals, 5 stamens, 2 carpels, 2 locules Petals and sepals are often united

7 Fruit: Berry Capsule

8 Major Genera in Solanaceae
Atropa Browallia Brugmansia Calibrachoa Capsicum Datura Hyoscyamus Lycium Lycopersicon Mandragora Nicotiana Petunia Physalis Salpiglossis Schizanthus Solanum

9 Atropa belladonna Deadly nightshade

10 Browallia spp. Bush violet

11 Brugmansia spp. Angel’s Trumpet

12 Calibrachoa spp.

13 Capsicum annuum Pepper (bell and hot)

14 Capsicum frutescens Bird pepper

15 Datura spp. Datura

16 Hyoscyamus niger Henbane

17 Lycium spp. Box thorn, matrimony vine

18 Lycopersicon esculentum

19 Mandragora officinarum

20 Nicotiana alata Ornamental Tobacco

21 Nicotiana tabacum Tobacco

22 Petunia xhybrida Petunia

23 Physalis alkekengi Chinese Lantern

24 Physalis ixocarpa Tomatillo

25 Physalis peruviana Cape gooseberry

26 Salpiglossis spp. Painted tongue flower

27 Schizanthus xwisetonensis Butterfly flower

28 Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet nightshade

29 Solanum melongena Eggplant

30 Solanum nigrum Black nightshade

31 Solanum pseudocapsicum
Jerusalem cherry

32 Solanum tuberosum Potato

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