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Practical Phonetics Week 2 Classifying sounds: place and manner of articulation Where and how sounds are made.

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Presentation on theme: "Practical Phonetics Week 2 Classifying sounds: place and manner of articulation Where and how sounds are made."— Presentation transcript:

1 Practical Phonetics Week 2 Classifying sounds: place and manner of articulation Where and how sounds are made

2 Say ‘mmmm’ – where is the ‘m’ sound produced? It’s a bilabial consonant (this is the place of articulation) Pinch your nose – what happens? It stops: it’s a nasal (not an oral) consonant Put your fingers in your ears – what do you hear? The vibrations of the vocal cords: it’s a voiced consonant Thinking about sounds

3 Some places of articulation: bilabial consonants p pie b buy m mute w wood lips

4 Labiodental consonants f fine v vine upper teeth lower lip

5 Dental consonants θ thin ð this upper teeth tip of tongue

6 Alveolar consonants t tie d die s Sue z zoo n night l light alveolar ridge tip/blade of tongue

7 Post-alveolar / palato-alveolar consonants ʃ shoe, pressure Ʒ pleasure ʧ cheap ʤ jeep r rack

8 Palatal consonants j yes

9 Velar consonants velum back of tongue k curl g girl ŋ rang

10 Some manners of articulation: plosives (think explosion) or stops Bilabial: p bAlveolar: t dVelar: k g

11 Fricatives (think friction) Labiodental: f vAlveolar: s z Palato-alveolar or post-alveolar: ʃ Ʒ

12 Oral Nasal (Velum is lowered, allowing air to enter the nasal cavity)

13 Nasals Bilabial: mVelar: ŋ Alveolar: n

14 Other consonants Affricates (a combination of stop + fricative): ʧ = voiceless post-alveolar affricate ʤ = voiced post-alveolar affricate Approximant (articulators approach each other but do not touch): w r j Lateral (also called lateral approximant; air flows over sides of tongue): l

15 Summary of Places of Articulation Bilabial (lips) p b m w Labiodental (lips and teeth) f fine v vine Dental (tongue and teeth) θ thin ð then Alveolar (tongue and alveolar ridge) t d s z n l Palato-alveolar (tongue and front part of hard palate) ʃ shoe ʒ measure ʧ cheap ʤ jeep r Palatal (tongue and hard palate) j yes Velar (tongue and velum) k g ŋ running Glottal (glottis) h

16 Summary of manners of articulation Plosive / Stop p b t d k g Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ h Affricate (stop + fricative) ʧ ʤ Nasal m n ŋ Approximants w r j (central) l (lateral)

17 Classifying consonants Voiced or voiceless Place of articulation (Central or lateral) (Oral or nasal) Manner of articulation Example 1 : s (sing): -A voiceless, alveolar, (central), (oral) fricative -A voiceless, alveolar plosive/stop = ? /t/ What is /k/? - A voiceless, velar plosive/stop

18 The International Phonetic Alphabet: the English consonants Full IPA with audio illustrations:

19 And finally…an x-ray (not x-rated) movie: Review activities Complete the “Classifying Consonants” chart Labels practice: Symbols practice:


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