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Architecture and Gardens at the Getty Villa “Architecture” 1 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
What is a villa? 2 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
The Getty Villa Is… It is a modern reconstruction of an ancient Roman villa. Its design was inspired by the Villa dei Papiri, an ancient Roman villa located in Herculaneum, Italy. It is also a museum dedicated to ancient Greek, Etruscan, and Roman art. 3 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
The Villa dei Papiri A drawing of the Villa dei Papiri’s floor plan by Karl Weber, the Swiss engineer who discovered the ruins of the ancient villa in the 18 th century. 4 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
A Roman Villa: Then and Now 5 then now © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Model of an Ancient Roman Villa 6 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Like us, Romans decorated their houses on the inside and outside. What kind of decorations do you think the Romans used? Think about your own house and make a list of its decorations. What decorations are inside? Outside? 7 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Peristyle Antefix Waterspout Fresco Mosaic Let’s learn more about these... Architectural elements at the Getty Villa include: 8 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Peristyle A peristyle is a courtyard with a covered walkway all around it. The courtyard that a peristyle surrounds often contains a garden. How many peristyles do you see on the map of the Getty Villa? 9 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Peristyles at the Getty Villa Outer PeristyleInner Peristyle 10 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Antefix An antefix is a decorative tile used on ancient buildings to cover the end of the roof tiles. Antefixes kept birds from building their nests in the eaves (edge of the roof) and also protected the area from rain and other elements. 11 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Here is an example of an ancient antefix. It is more than 2,500 years old! Do you remember... What is an antefix and where can you find it? An Ancient Antefix Antefix Unknown artist Etruscan, Caere, 510–500 B.C. Terracotta and slip 12 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find antefixes at the Getty Villa? When you visit the Getty Villa, point your nose to the sky, and you will be see many antefixes. roof! They are on the © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Waterspout A waterspout is a hole or a pipe that directs water out of a fountain, or off a roof. In ancient times, some waterspouts had scary creatures on them. People believed these creatures protected the water that people drank from the spouts. 14 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
An Ancient Greek Waterspout Do you remember... what is a waterspout, and where can you find it? Why would a lion’s head be used to decorate a waterspout? Lion's-Head Waterspout Unknown artist Greek, South Italy, about 450 B.C. Limestone 15 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Explore the Villa gardens and look around... You will find waterspouts like this! Where to find waterspouts at the Getty Villa? 16 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Fresco A fresco is a painting that is made on a wall of wet plaster using pigments (finely ground mineral powders from the earth). 17 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
What is happening in this scene? What are the men holding? Where in an ancient villa might this fresco have been found? An Ancient Roman Fresco Wall Fragment with a Scene of Meal Preparation Unknown artist Roman, Italy, A.D. 50–75 Plaster and pigment 18 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Walk around the Outer Peristyle and you will find frescoes like this decorating the walls. Where else might you find frescoes? On the ceilings! Where to find frescoes at the Getty Villa? 19 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Mosaic A mosaic is a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored, pieces of material such as stone, tile, or glass—called tesserae. 20 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
An Ancient Roman Mosaic Have you seen a mosaic before? If so, where did you see it? If not, in what kind of buildings do you imagine you’d find mosaics? Mosaic Floor with a Boxing Scene Unknown artist Gallo-Roman, present-day Villelaure, France, about A.D. 175 Stone and glass 21 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Look at your feet while you walk around the Getty Villa. You will find a lot a mosaics on the... floors! Where to find mosaics at the Getty Villa? © 2005 J. Paul Getty Trust 22 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Other Mosaics at the Getty Villa Hint: You will not find these mosaics on the floors! 24 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Architecture and Gardens at the Villa “Gardens” 24 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
What is a garden? Do you have a garden at your home? What kinds of plants are in your garden? Are plants only used in a garden? 25 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Plants in the Getty Villa gardens include: Apple trees Olive trees Grape vines Ivy Acanthus Date palms Pomegranate trees Herbs 26 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
The Nature of Art: Plants in the Ancient World What do you think of when you think about apples? Have you heard about or read any fairy tales that have apples in them? 27 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Apples in Ancient Myth Is the apple a good or bad object in the story of Snow White? Can you think of myths from other cultures with apples in them? Do apples seem to bring about good or bad things? The ancients told myths in which apples were symbols both of love and suffering. 28 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find apples at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: A bronze statue of Aphrodite depicts the goddess holding an apple. Outdoors: You can see live apple trees in the Herb Garden. Aphrodite Unknown Artist Greek, 200 –150 B.C. Bronze 29 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Olives in Ancient Art and Myth The olive was a sacred attribute of the goddess Athena. Olives were one of the most valuable substances available to the ancients. Olives were also believed to have several medicinal properties that could cure both colds and fevers. 30 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find olives at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: An Attic vase depicts an owl—the animal associated with Athena—between two olive branches. Outdoors: You can see live olive trees in the Herb Garden. Water Jar with an Owl: Shoulder Attributed to the Group of the Floral Nolans Greek, Athens, about 480–470 B.C. Terracotta 31 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Olives and Victory Wreaths of olive branches were bestowed to athletic champions of the Olympic games and the Heraia games (games for women only). Victorious Youth Unknown artist Greek, 300–100 B.C. Bronze 32 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Grapes in Ancient Myth What is made from grapes? WINE! Wine was believed to have the ability to lift magic spells and to reveal liars. Romans also used wine to cure several medical ailments including chest pain and cough. 33 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find grapes at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: Images of grape vines wrap around this terracotta cup. Outdoors: You can see live grape vines in the Herb Garden and the Outer Peristyle Garden. 34 Cup with Grapevine Reliefs Unknown artist Roman, Smyrna, 50–1 B.C. Lead-glazed terracotta © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Ivy in Ancient Art and Myth The Romans believed that ivy’s evergreen nature linked it to immortality. They also believed that the mere presence of the plant could inspire profound thoughts. It was a favorite plant in gardens and was often a decorative pattern in works of art. 35 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find ivy at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: This image of Bacchus depicts him with his signature crown of grape vines and ivy. Outdoors: You can see live ivy in the Outer Peristyle. 36 Head of the Young Bacchus Unknown artist Roman, A.D. 1–50 Bronze and silver © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Acanthus in Ancient Art and Myth The acanthus plant was depicted on the capitals of Corinthian columns. It was a symbol of hope and eternal life. Boiled acanthus roots were used to treat burns, sprains, and gout. 37 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find acanthus at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: On the Handle in the Shape of a Triton, acanthus leaves echo the splashing of the waves. Outdoors: You can see live acanthus in the Outer Peristyle. It’s also represented on the Corinthian columns in the Outer Peristyle. Handle in the Shape of a Triton Unknown artist Greek, Macedonia or Illyria, 100–50 B.C. Silver and gold 38 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Date Palms in Ancient Art and Myth Palms held a special place in ceremonies and rituals because of their rarity in Greece. Palms referred to both life and death, and more importantly, the triumph of life over death. They provided hope in the afterlife, and often appear on burial monuments. 39 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find date palms at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: The palm became a popular motif known as the palmette. You’ll find them on several works of art. Outdoors: You can see live date palms in the Outer Peristyle. 41 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Roses in Ancient Art and Myth Roses were found everywhere in the ancient world. Where have you seen roses before? What do roses represent? What happens with a rose in the story of Sleeping Beauty? 41 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find roses at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: Stylized roses are used to decoratively fill the empty spaces between the lions and panthers on this pot. Outdoors: You can see live rose bushes in the Outer Peristyle. Pitcher with Lions and Panthers Attributed to the Painter of Vatican 73 Greek, Corinth, 650–625 B.C. Terracotta 42 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Pomegranates in Ancient Art and Myth Persephone ate pomegranate seeds while imprisoned by Hades, god of the Underworld. For every seed she ate, she must spend a month each year in the Underworld with him. During this period each year, Persephone’s mother Demeter—goddess of the earth—kills the earth’s plants in anger. This is how the ancients explained winter. Pomegranates were also a symbol of fertility. 43 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Where to find pomegranates at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: On this pot, a mortal, Triptolemos, sits on a chariot to bring the secrets of agriculture to mortals. He is surrounded by Demeter and Hades, a goddess and god central to the myth of Persephone. Outdoors: You can see live pomegranate trees in the Outer Peristyle. Mixing Vessel with Triptolemos Attributed to the Syleus Painter Greek, Athens, about 470 B.C. Terracotta 45 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Herb Garden Most Roman houses had a household herb garden. The Herb Garden at the Getty Villa contains plants that also grew in ancient times, including fruit trees, and medicinal and cooking herbs. 45 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Herbs in the Getty Villa’s Herb Garden 46 SpearmintLemon-scented thyme © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Herbs in the Getty Villa’s Herb Garden Lovage Basil 47 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Sculpture in the Getty Villa’s Gardens Replica of a Bronze Statue Getty Villa, Inner Peristyle Garden Bronze and marble statues were placed in the gardens of Roman Villas. These statues were meant to spark conversation amongst the owner of the villa and his guests. The gardens at the Getty Villa are filled replicas of bronze statues found in the gardens of the Villa dei Papyri. Replica of a Bust Getty Villa, Inner Peristyle Garden 48 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Now that you’ve seen them in the art... see them alive in the gardens! Olive Grape Apple Rose Acanthus Ivy Date palm Pomegranate 49 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Find Works of Art in this Slideshow at the Getty Villa Slide 12: Antefix, Etruscan, from Caere, 510 –500 B.C. (usually not on view) Slide 15: Lion’s-Head Waterspout, Greek, from South Italy, about 450 B.C. (Animals in Antiquity gallery—Gallery 201C) Slide 18: Wall Fragment with a Scene of Meal Preparation, Roman, from Italy, A.D. 50–75. (Silver Treasures gallery—Gallery 101D) Slide 21: Mosaic Floor with a Boxing Scene, Gallo-Roman, from present-day Villelaure, France, about A.D. 175 (Athletes and Competition gallery—Gallery 211) Slide 29: Aphrodite, Greek, 200–150 B.C. (Gods and Goddesses gallery—Gallery 104) Slide 31: Water Jar with an Owl, Greek, from Athens, 480–470 B.C. (Gods and Goddesses gallery—Gallery 104). Slide 32: Victorious Youth, Greek, 300–100 B.C. (The Victorious Youth gallery—Gallery 210) Slide 34: Cup with Grapevine Reliefs, Roman, from Smyrna in present-day Turkey, 50–1B.C. (Terracotta and Marble Vessels gallery—Gallery 101C) Slide 36: Head of the Young Bacchus, Roman, A.D. 1–50 (Dionysos and the Theater gallery— Gallery 114) Slide 38: Handle in the Shape of Triton, Greek, from Macedonia or Illyria, 100–50 B.C. (Luxury Vessels gallery—Gallery 105) Slide 40: Crowning Decoration for a Grave Monument, Greek from Athens, about 320 B.C. (Funerary Sculpture gallery—Gallery 201B) Slide 42: Pitcher with Lions and Panthers, Greek, from Corinth, 650–625 B.C. (Animals in Antiquity gallery—Gallery 201C) Slide 44: Mixing Vessel with Triptolemos, Greek, Athens, about 470 B.C. (Gods and Goddesses gallery— Gallery 104) 50 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Image Credits Slide 3: John. P. Pratt Slide 4: Norman Neuerburg papers in the Institutional Archives in Special Collections, Los Angeles, Research Library, the Getty research Institute, no. BU1 (10001). Guide to the Getty Villa. Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Trust, 2005, p. 43. Slide 5: both images, De Franciscis, A. Pompeii: Monuments Past and Present. Rome: Vision s.r.l., 1995, p. 27. Slide 6: Imperium Romanum web site. Slide 9: © J. Paul Getty Trust Slide 10: both images, Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 12: Gift of Leon Levy. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 13: Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 15: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 16: Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 18: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 19: Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 20: Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 21: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 22: both images, © 2005 J. Paul Getty Trust Slide 23: both images, Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 26: Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 29: left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 29: right, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 31: left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
Slide 31: right, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 32: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 33: Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 34: left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 34: right, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 36: left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 36: right, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 37: Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 38: left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 38: right, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 40: top left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 40: top right, Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 40: bottom, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 42: left, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 42: right, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 44: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California Slide 45: Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 46: both images, Jeanette LaVere, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 47: both images, Jeanette LaVere, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 48: both images, Cynthia Querio, J. Paul Getty Museum Slide 49: all photographs, Kristen Kido, J. Paul Getty Museum Image Credits, continued © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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