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Adjective Clauses: Review and Expansion 4 Focus on Grammar 5 Part IV, Unit 11 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson.

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Presentation on theme: "Adjective Clauses: Review and Expansion 4 Focus on Grammar 5 Part IV, Unit 11 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Adjective Clauses: Review and Expansion 4 Focus on Grammar 5 Part IV, Unit 11 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The Fearless Princess A Fairytale

3 Once upon a time, there was a prince. He decided to take a walk in a dark and scary forest. All of a sudden, a terrible storm moved in… …and the prince got completely lost.

4 In the morning, a terrifying dragon found the prince. The prince became very, very scared. Suddenly a knight in armor appeared from behind a tree and attacked the dragon. Now, the terrible dragon was afraid and ran away.

5 When the prince walked up to the knight, the knight took off his armor … … and a beautiful princess stood in front of him. She was strong and smart and sweet …

6 … and she took him to her castle where they lived happily ever after.

7 Can you complete these definitions? An adjective clause is a … Adjective clause pronouns (or relative pronouns) are … An adjective describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. An adjective clause is a dependent clause that describes a noun or pronoun in a main clause. Adjective clause pronouns (or relative pronouns) are who, whom, which, and that. Definitions An adjective describes …

8 who This is the prince who got lost. that Here is the knight that the prince respects. who This is the princess who saved the prince. Relative Pronouns 1 Use whothat Use who and that to refer to people.

9 which The knight holds the sword which scared the dragon. that The dragon that scared the prince spits fire. Relative Pronouns 2 Use which Use which and that to refer to things.

10 that This is the princess that saved the prince’s life. Relative Pronouns 3 that The knight holds the sword that scared the dragon. Thatwhowhich That is less formal than who and which.

11 He attacked the dragon. Here is the knight. noun adjective clause describes the noun Adjective Clauses 1 subject Here is the knight who attacked the dragon.

12 Do you see the dragon that scared the prince? It scared the prince. Do you see the dragon? noun Adjective Clauses 2 adjective clause describes the noun subject

13 The dragon was dangerous. The knight attacked the dragon. The dragon that the knight attacked was very dangerous. noun adjective clause describes the noun Adjective Clauses 3 subject object

14 The prince was scared. The princess saved him. The prince whom the princess saved was scared. noun adjective clause describes the noun Adjective Clauses 4 subjectobject

15 Who and what are these fairytale figures and items? Form sentences with adjective clauses. Practice

16 They lived in her castle. The princess was powerful. The princess whose castle they lived in was powerful. noun Using Whose 1 Use to replace a possessive adjective. Use whose to replace a possessive adjective. can modify people. An adjective clause with whose can modify people.

17 Its appearance terrified the prince. The dragon whose appearance terrified the prince ran away. noun Using Whose 2 whose An adjective clause with whose can also modify things. The dragon ran away.

18 1.The dragon is dangerous. His fire and smoke scare everyone. Practice 2 Combine the sentences below. Change the second sentence to an adjective clause. 2. The storm is frightening. The prince is walking through the storm. through which The storm, through which the prince is walking, is frightening. 3. The princess is fearless. The prince escapes with her. with whom The princess, with whom the prince escapes, is fearless. whose The dragon, whose fire and smoke scare everyone, is dangerous.

19 Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved. References


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