Presentation on theme: "Post-WWI Britain The effects of WWI made people ask the questions, “What should Britain be? What should it stand for?” There was political upheaval—rise."— Presentation transcript:
Post-WWI Britain The effects of WWI made people ask the questions, “What should Britain be? What should it stand for?” There was political upheaval—rise of fascism, Nazism, Edward VII’s abdication This time period led to a number utopian and dystopian novels in response to the political atmosphere Utopia: An imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect Dystopia: An imagined place or state of things in which everything is unpleasant or bad
A. A. Milne, Winnie the Pooh (1926) Aldous Huxley, Brave New World (1932) P. L Travers, Mary Poppins (1934) J. R. R. Tolkien, The Hobbit (1937) T. H. White, The Sword in the Stone ( ) George Orwell, Animal Farm (1945) This is the golden age of political commentary disguised as children’s books
T. H. White Born in 1906 in Bombay Educated at British public schools and Cambridge Became a schoolmaster Passionate pacifist Pacifist: A person who believes that any violence, including war, is unjustifiable under any circumstances and that all disputes should be settled peacefully.
England Have My Bones (1936) Burke's Steerage or, The Amateur Gentleman's Introduction to Noble Sports and Pastimes ( ) The Sword in the Stone ( ) The Queen of Air and Darkness (1939) The Ill-Made Knight (1940) Mistress Masham's Repose ( ) The Book of Beasts, A Translation of a Medieval Bestiary ( ) The Candle in the Wind (1958) The Once and Future King (1958) The Book of Merlyn (1977 ) White’s Major Works
Basic Information on The Sword in the Stone Genre: education novel (a plan of education is set forth for a young person) Describes the political and emotional development of a young leader Very formulaic plot: Loss separates hero from family Hero undergoes maturation and education Hero leaves safe haven for “real world” You’ll learn about the hero’s journey in 10 th grade!
Basic Plot of The Sword in the Stone The Wart is left with Sir Ector to be raised He must be educated in preparation for his future He must prove his abilities through a series of tests and challenges (under Merlyn’s guidance) He must grow into leadership He fulfills his destiny near the end of the novel What do you think the novel’s main motif is?
Important Characters The Wart: Raised by Sir Ector at the Castle of the Forest Sauvage. He undergoes an education at the hands of Merlyn. "The Wart" is a nickname for "Art," and the Wart eventually becomes King Arthur. Sir Ector: The Wart and Kay's father and a kind, good- humored landowner who is Lord of the Castle of the Forest Sauvage. Kay: Sir Ector's eldest (and only natural) son. His stubbornness and craving for honor are revealed in many of his words and actions.
Important Characters Cont’d. Merlyn: A wise and sometimes absent-minded magician who oversees the Wart's education. Archimedes: Merlyn's talking owl, who teaches the Wart to fly. Uther Pendragon: The demanding Norman King of all England. At the end of the novel, the Wart learns that Pendragon is his father. King Pellinore: A comical figure who hunts after the Questing Beast (or "Beast Glatisant”).