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Enhancing and testing repository deposit interfaces Steve Hitchcock, JISC DepositMO Project ECS, WAIS, University of Southampton OR2012, 7 th International.

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Presentation on theme: "Enhancing and testing repository deposit interfaces Steve Hitchcock, JISC DepositMO Project ECS, WAIS, University of Southampton OR2012, 7 th International."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enhancing and testing repository deposit interfaces Steve Hitchcock, JISC DepositMO Project ECS, WAIS, University of Southampton OR2012, 7 th International Conference on Open Repositories, Edinburgh, 11 July 2012

2 In this talk … Open access IRs under pressure Adding value for users Repositioning deposit in the user workflow and applications; new deposit interfaces SWORDv2 User testing results Boosting deposit rates for real repositories?

3 Credits and acknowledgements PI: Les Carr Development: Richard Boardman, Dave Tarrant, Tim Brody, Richard Jones, Alex Wade Testing: departments of archaeology and chemistry, and the e-Prints Soton, EdShare (all Southampton) and Kultivate repository teams – coordinators of these teams: Graeme Earl, Jeremy Frey, Kate Walker, Debra Morris and Marie- Therese Gramstadt, respectively. Biscuits and sweeping up: Me

4 IRs under pressure Recommendations from Report of the Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings (Finch) i. a clear policy direction should be set towards support for publication in open access or hybrid journals, funded by APCs, as the main vehicle for the publication of research ix. the infrastructure of subject and institutional repositories should be developed so that they play a valuable role complementary to formal publishing, particularly in providing access to research data and to grey literature, and in digital preservation PeerJ Open Access & Peer-Reviewed. Starting at $99 - for PeerJ: I still don't see the magic bullet here. If PeerJ can make it by 'lowering the financial barriers' then IRs will be shot #openaccess Crisis? What serials crisis?

5 DepositMO has been to Edinburgh before - Repository Fringe, Aug 2011 Good to see both DepositMO tools got a spontaneous round of applause during Dave’s show. So that’s a tick for flashiness #jiscdepo

6 #depositmo Interactive Multi-Submission Deposit Workflows for Desktop Applications David Tarrant Electronics and Computer Science OR2010, Madrid, 6-9 July 2010

7 A borderline paper? “It’s curious, then, that there have been few published studies or user testing of repository interfaces.” Is this statement supportable? See Repository usability review, January Designing for metadata 2.User deposit interfaces 3.New deposit protocols Modus Operandi for Repository Deposits blog usability-review/

8 EPrints deposit interface (part of)

9 SWORD deposit interface Facebook SWORD client

10 Why SWORD? Simple Web service Offering Repository Deposit SWORD (2007) single interface, deposit in multiple repositories. ‘Fire and forget’. SWORDv2 (2012) items can be created, updated, replaced, or deleted (CRUD). SWORDv2 endpoints built into current versions of EPrints (3.3) and DSpace (1.8)

11 Word Add-in deposit client

12 Watch Folder – a file manager- based deposit interface

13 Watch Folder – does this look like anything you’ve seen elsewhere? Microsoft SkyDrive integrated into Windows Explorer, Apple Finder (April 2012) -update-100gb-storage/ A repository is NOT a hard drive - different paradigm

14 User tests of of new deposit clients Controlled test environment: a pair of Web-connected laptops running Windows 7, directed at a demonstrator EPrints repository running the SWORDv2 extensions. Test users included new as well as experienced repository users, most working in observed pairs. Results were based on what users did, using repository records and observer notes; what users said, in before- and after-test questions; task completion and time taken.

15 Results of user tests On average, both direct deposit clients took less time to deposit an item than via the native repository interface This time advantage is realised where less stringent metadata requirements apply or where the tool assists with metadata completion, as the Word Add-in does with simple bibliographic information The Watch Folder does not provide the simplest means of metadata control, and in some cases additional time was incurred to complete this stage User testing resultshttp://blogs.ecs.soton.ac.uk/deposit mo/tag/user-testing-results/http://blogs.ecs.soton.ac.uk/deposit mo/tag/user-testing-results/

16 Lessons of user tests The wow! factor is harder to sustain in practice, noticeably as a user’s collection size grows and issues of metadata control and versioning become more critical. It’s not just about the initial deposit. There are no simple comparisons to be made between the instant deposit tools (Word Add-in and Watch Folder) and the more structured native repository deposit interfaces. Instant deposit may be at the expense of providing careful metadata now. Further refinements to the tools might be able to improve metadata control without losing deposit time.

17 Where could we offer deposit with maximum speed and minimal metadata? DataFlow services summary – adding SWORD From JISC UMF DataFlow Project Introduction to DataStage

18 From DepositMO to DepositMOre From an impenetrable acronym – changing the Modus Operandi of repository deposit – to a play on words with a self-explanatory goal – getting more stuff into your repository JISC confirmation: recent Start: soon, tbc

19 From DepositMO to DepositMOre Defying psittacine (and classic comedy sketch writing) convention … Just resting From an impenetrable acronym – changing the Modus Operandi of repository deposit – to a play on words with a self-explanatory goal – getting more stuff into your repository JISC confirmation: recent Start: soon, tbc

20 Why DepositMOre? Over 50% of test users indicated these new deposit tools would encourage them to submit more of their own content to the repository. DepositMO performed usability tests and cannot tell us how these tools might impact on deposit rates of real repositories. DepositMOre, was proposed to demonstrate increased deposit rates using in-tool statistical tracking.

21 DepositMOre tools Watch Folder: extending the user interaction model for intelligent bulk ingest to deal with 100s of documents, involving original user testers from within arts and archaeology, communities that generate large volumes of non textual digital objects. EasyChair Deposit Tool, lists a user’s authored items in Easychair, which hosts over 15,000 conferences. The tool checks if these items are present in the user’s selected repository. Any that have not been deposited can be added with one click. New X Word add-in: impact of a content creation tool on deposit rates will be less immediate.

22 Conclusions DepositMO and DepositMOre aim to show how different repository deposit tools can support users with different deposit demands, widening the base of repository users. With the growing emphasis on managing research data, especially using data repositories, the need for choice in repository deposit – offering tradeoffs between time to deposit and degree of documentation – is going to become more acute.

23 Useful contacts Twitter: Blog Web downloads


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