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2 To make a trip To go on a trip Travel_ It´s a verb and It can´t be used as a noun. Eg. They travelled all night Mistake: My travel to France… (my trip) It´s a noun and it´s “viaje” in Spanish It´s to go somewhere and come back, including your stay there My trip to France was great Journey- It´s a noun used to mean movement from one place to another. It´s only the time you travel, not your stay. The journey fron gijón to Cadiz takes 10 hours

3 EITHER- NEITHER Podemos utilizar "either" y "neither" como pronombres, determinantes o adverbios. A continuación tienes una explicación de las diferencias entre estas dos palabras. EITHER "Either" implica una elección entre dos posibles opciones. Ten en cuenta que la preposición "or" se utiliza entre estas dos opciones. We can go to either the beach or the swimming pool. Either we wait for the rain to stop or we must change our plans. NEITHER "Neither" indica el acuerdo entre dos ideas negativas. Con "neither", las dos ideas están separadas por la preposición "nor". Neither Henry nor Chris want to go to the beach Neither the school nor the parents want to take responsibility for the problem

4 En función de pronombre Cuando utilicemos "either" o "neither" como pronombre, se traducen como "o"/"ni" "cualquier"/"ninguno" o como "también". En inglés, cuando se usan como pronombres van seguidos por la preposición "of" más un sustantivo. Neither of the students studied very hard. Either of my assistants can do it. Who do you prefer? En función de adverbio Cuando se utilizan "either" y "neither" como adverbios, se pueden traducir como "tampoco" o "también". Así funcionan como conectores en frases negativas. Fíjate en las diferencias estructurales entre ambas. Greg can't eat fish because he is allergic and neither can I Greg can't eat fish because he is allergic and I can't either (can´t eat fish)

5 En función de determinante Como determinantes, "either" y "neither" se encuentran directamente antes del sustantivo y se pueden traducir como "cualquier" o "ninguno". I don't know, neither color really suits you Either job could be interesting Nota: Hay bastante confusión con el uso del singular y plural con estas palabras. Como regla, si las dos partes están en singular, utilizaremos el singular y si una de las dos está en plural, utilizaremos el plural. Either my sister or my brother is going to get their own bedroom, but I still have to share. Neither the dress nor the shoes are appropriate for the party

6 SAY- TELL Tell is used only to instruct or inform, and when the receiver of the information is included as an object of the verb. Do not use for quotes. Has she told you the good news, yet? Please tell us your name and occupation. The police officer told him to stop. [NOT The police offer told him, "Stop."] Can you tell me what happened? The object : ME, YOU, THEM HER,HIM, the children, the students…. Is NECESSARY, ESSENTIAL Don´t say: I told a funny story. I told him a funny story Tell a lie, tell the truth

7 Say is used for exact quotes, and when the receiver isn’t mentioned in the sentence: “Good morning,” said the woman behind the counter. I just stopped by to say hello. I said three words before he interrupted me again. Say is also used to express opinions: I wouldn't say that he's a great guitarist [=I don't think he's a great guitarist]. They say that you should drink eight glasses of water a day. Say THAT. He said that he was tired Say TO sb That... He said to me that he had been very lucky

8 ING FORMS 1.- As a subject of a sentence: Walking for an hour is necessary to be healthy 2.- After a preposition I apologized for arriving half an hour late ADJECTIVES After an adjective use an infinitive. I´m delighted to see you Don´t use an infinitive at the beginning of a sentence as a subject Playing is good for children

9 GO TO HOSPITAL/GO TO THE HOSPITAL When you go to the place for its primary use (eg. To hospital because you´re ill) Don´t use the definite article. I go to school from Monday to Friday They go to church on Sunday Sam went to prison charged with robbery Ann goes to university However, if you go to the building for other purposes,use the definite article. I went to St. Mary´s church to see some beautiful painting. My mother went to the school to talk with my teacher Sam´s wife went to the prison to pay him a visit Ann´s boyfriend went to the university to borrow some books

10 MORE THINGS ABOUT THE ARTICE GO TO BED, GO TO WORK, GO HOME. It´s time to go to bed,I had breakfast in bed but I sat down on the bed. (a particular tipe of furniture) WORK John didn´t go to work yesterday. Go to work,Start work, finish work HOME Go home, come home, arrive home, get home, BE AT HOME It´s late. Let´s go home I´ll be at home tomorrow. Call me at 16,00 SEA Go to sea, be at sea when we mean to go/be on a voyage He´s a captain, so he spends most of his life at sea But in any ordinary situation, we say the sea I´d love to live near the sea. Swimming in the sea can be dangerous

11 EXPLAIN We say explain sth TO sb. Could you explain that word TO ME? Also Explain (TO sb) THAT/WHAT/HOW/WHY? I explained to them what I wanted I explained to my teacher Why I had got to class so late. HOLIDAY Holiday (BE) is the same as vacation (AE) To be on holiday (not to be on holidays) ‘Holidays’ is not only the plural of ‘holiday’, it could mean especially in British English a period of cessation from work or one of recreation, leisure or vacation. “Happy Holidays” could mean the period from Christmas eve through New Year day. It could also be used as an adverb with the meaning “during every holiday or most holidays.” Use "holiday" for a singular celebrated day, like Christmas, or in the phrase, "I'm on holiday," if you happen to be around British-English speakers to say you will be away from work. Americans would say, "I'm on vacation" instead.

12 FOR- SINCE- DURING FOR:- Use for when you mention the number of days, weeks, years and Expressions “for ages” and “for a long time” I´ve lived in Leed for 8 years SINCE.- We use since when we say when sth started. Eg. Tuesday, midnight, 1980 The beginning of the activity. I´ve worked here sinc 1993 DURING.- We use during with Night, holidays, party. Eg. I heard a strange noise during the night Most of the time you use the PRESENT PERFECT WITH THESE WORDS


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