Vocabulario Matador (torero) = bullfighter La plaza de toros = bullfighting stadium La cuadrilla = the bullfighting team Picadores = Lancers Banderilleros = Flagmen Espada = Sword Muleta = Cape Traje de Luces = Traditional Outfit
“Bullfight” = Corrida de Toros In one Corrida, 3 toreros participate, along with their teams (cuadrillas). Each bullfighter fights 2 bulls = (*6 total bulls in one Corrida)
To begin, a loud trumpet or bugle call announces the start of each round. Then, the matador enters the plaza wearing the traje de luces, the traditional costume, costing hundreds of dollars. The torero then waves to the crowd, and the judges.
Los Toros The bull is then introduced to the plaza, usually by name, weight, age, and the name of the ranch where it was raised. Special ranches raise the bulls, giving them a “life of luxury” to justify it’s cruel death. (lots of room to roam, good diet, etc)
Adult bulls weight between 1,100 and 1,600 lbs. They never see humans on foot until the bullfight. They are tested to see if they are “worthy” and “aggressive” enough to fight, or to be a breeding bull. If not, they are slaughtered for meat.
The bulls are not caged up and have open range. They are fed high quality diets and treated very nicely. They are “fighting bulls” specifically breed for bullfights. The bull’s DNA date back thousands of years to the bull’s used during the Roman Empire for fighting.
The matador plays with the bull, in order to learn it’s moves and become familiar with it. The torero makes a series of passes and specialized moves with bull. The toreros are considered athletes and artists and practice for years before becoming professionals
The traditional cape, or muleta, that the bullfighter uses is red. Reason: to hide the blood. It is NOT red to anger the bull. Bull’s are actually color blind. This is a misconception.
Next, the picadores (lancers) come out on horseback, and use spears/lances to stab and cut the bull’s neck muscles The horses wear protective gear to keep them from being disemboweled (which used to happen when they didn’t wear the protective gear). *More horses than bulls were often killed during a bullfight.
Next, the banderilleros (flagmen) each take turns attempting to place sharp, barbed sticks into the bull’s neck in order to weaken it even more They hold the decorated sticks in the air, run at the bull, and force them into the bull’s neck, and if successful, they stay
Finally, the matador re-enters the plaza with a small red cape (muleta) and a special sword (espada) The torero plays with the bull, trying to make it tired and confused The torero tries to show his bravery and skill by performing special moves, and tries to get as close as possible to the bull without moving
The matador then ends with one final estoque (or estocada), where he thrusts the sword into the back of the neck, between the shoulder blades The goal is to hit the heart and cause the bull to die immediately
If the bull does not die, the matador’s team comes to his aid and slits the bull’s throat The bull is then dragged out of the ring by a team of horses or mules and the sand is raked clean of the blood
The judge and the crowd then decide on how well the torero performed The audience yells to the torero and the judge Also, if they did really well, the audience waves handkerchiefs as a sign
The judge can then award an oreja (ear) or cola (tail) to the torero as a reward if they did exceptionally well The matador then cuts off the tail or ear and waves it to the crowd while parading around the plaza
Sport vs. Animal Cruelty Today there is much debate about whether bullfighting is sport or just barbaric animal cruelty Some say it is a part of the culture, dating back hundreds of years, while others protest the fights and call for its end
60 Minutes Documentary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5U11HNjPD-I Bullfight in Sevilla: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBzS-h8TzZQ
TAREA Sketch a bullfight / 6 scenes. Include the main steps. Write at least one sentence per picture (At least 6). Include the bullfighting vocab. at least 3X. Use present or preterite tense, but keep it consistent.