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Unicode in Biblical Studies By Gergely Juhász Cariad, 28 June 2010.

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1 Unicode in Biblical Studies By Gergely Juhász Cariad, 28 June 2010

2 (Why) Do we need Unicode? Codepages – same code, several characters Codepages – same code, several characters

3 (Why) Do we need Unicode? In codepages: In codepages: same code represents several different characters (even within one codepage) same code represents several different characters (even within one codepage) same character is represented by different characters same character is represented by different characters not all characters/scripts are represented not all characters/scripts are represented Fonts Fonts Myriad of varieties, each with its own encoding Myriad of varieties, each with its own encoding The computer is not “aware” of the fact that you are typing in Greek or Hebrew (use of punctuation marks). The computer is not “aware” of the fact that you are typing in Greek or Hebrew (use of punctuation marks). Gibberish for those who do not have the font. Gibberish for those who do not have the font. http://teolog.ru/shrift/index.php (legality?) http://teolog.ru/shrift/index.php (legality?) http://teolog.ru/shrift/index.php https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u0013314/greekg/fonts.ht m https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u0013314/greekg/fonts.ht m https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u0013314/greekg/fonts.ht m https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u0013314/greekg/fonts.ht m

4 Advantages of Unicode 1. Universally compatible (Windows, Mac, Linux, PPC, IPhone, Android, BlackBerry etc.) 1. Universally compatible (Windows, Mac, Linux, PPC, IPhone, Android, BlackBerry etc.) 2. You can use the same font throughout the entire document (e.g. Arial, or Times New Roman) for writing whether in English, Greek or Hebrew (and also for writing in Coptic, Cyrillic, Tamil, Japanese, Vietnamese, Cherokee etc.) 2. You can use the same font throughout the entire document (e.g. Arial, or Times New Roman) for writing whether in English, Greek or Hebrew (and also for writing in Coptic, Cyrillic, Tamil, Japanese, Vietnamese, Cherokee etc.) 3. You (or your editor/publisher) can change the font without messing up your Greek or Hebrew 3. You (or your editor/publisher) can change the font without messing up your Greek or Hebrew 4. You can use it in websites (regardless the browser and the operating system it is viewed in) 4. You can use it in websites (regardless the browser and the operating system it is viewed in) 5. Correct word wrapping : the words won’t break in the middle of a word, diacritic before a capital vowel (Ἅ) stays together with the vowel. 5. Correct word wrapping : the words won’t break in the middle of a word, diacritic before a capital vowel (Ἅ) stays together with the vowel. 6. If you use Hebrew, it will respect right to left reading even when it spills over one line and is mixed within an English (or other left to right language) text, so you don't have to worry about line breaks. 6. If you use Hebrew, it will respect right to left reading even when it spills over one line and is mixed within an English (or other left to right language) text, so you don't have to worry about line breaks. 7. You are not in a shadowy area of copyright by using freely available, not proprietary fonts etc. 7. You are not in a shadowy area of copyright by using freely available, not proprietary fonts etc. 8. You are able to use a spelling checker (if it exists and you own it). 8. You are able to use a spelling checker (if it exists and you own it).

5 How do I start or switch to using Unicode? To convert your existing documents created in another font: To convert your existing documents created in another font: http://www.greektrans coder.org/ http://www.greektrans coder.org/ http://www.greektrans coder.org/ http://www.greektrans coder.org/ Macro for Greek Parse Macro for Greek Parse Code table Code table

6 Copy & Paste Bible Texts in Unicode (Online) Greek New Testament (NA26): http://www.greekbible.com Greek New Testament (NA26): http://www.greekbible.com http://www.greekbible.com Perseus (with parsing & language tools): http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: 1999.01.0155:book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue Perseus (with parsing & language tools): http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: 1999.01.0155:book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: 1999.01.0155:book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: 1999.01.0155:book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue The Unbound Bible (with many languages and versions, including, BHS, WLC, Aleppo, LXX, Byzantine, TR, WH, UBS4, and a lot more): http://unbound.biola.edu/ The Unbound Bible (with many languages and versions, including, BHS, WLC, Aleppo, LXX, Byzantine, TR, WH, UBS4, and a lot more): http://unbound.biola.edu/ http://unbound.biola.edu/ Hebrew Bible: http://www.tanach.us Hebrew Bible: http://www.tanach.us http://www.tanach.us

7 Copy & Paste Bible Texts in Unicode (Offline) BibleWorks (from version 7.0) BibleWorks (from version 7.0) Go to Tools/Options/Fonts/Export Fonts Go to Tools/Options/Fonts/Export Fonts Choose a Unicode font and make sure Unicode is checked Choose a Unicode font and make sure Unicode is checked E-Sword (freeware with tons of languages and versions): http://www.e-sword.net/ E-Sword (freeware with tons of languages and versions): http://www.e-sword.net/http://www.e-sword.net/ LOGOS Bible Software LOGOS Bible Software http://www.logos.com/support/lbs/f onts http://www.logos.com/support/lbs/f onts http://www.logos.com/support/lbs/f onts http://www.logos.com/support/lbs/f onts ACCORDANCE Bible Software (MAC) ACCORDANCE Bible Software (MAC) http://www.accordancebible.com/s upport/unicode.php http://www.accordancebible.com/s upport/unicode.php http://www.accordancebible.com/s upport/unicode.php http://www.accordancebible.com/s upport/unicode.php And many others (e.g. Bible Explorer freeware etc.) And many others (e.g. Bible Explorer freeware etc.)

8 How to type in Unicode? Code converters Code converters MS Word/WordPad specific: MS Word/WordPad specific: Hexadecimal code + ALT X Hexadecimal code + ALT X ALT + Decimal code on Num Keypad (depends on your code page and input locale) ALT + Decimal code on Num Keypad (depends on your code page and input locale) MS Unicode IME (MS Language Bar - Chinese Traditional - Unicode) MS Unicode IME (MS Language Bar - Chinese Traditional - Unicode) http://blogs.msdn.com/b/michkap/archive/2005/05/18/419117.aspx http://blogs.msdn.com/b/michkap/archive/2005/05/18/419117.aspx Unicode Input Utility: Unicode Input Utility: http://www.fileformat.info/tool/unicodeinput/index.htm http://www.fileformat.info/tool/unicodeinput/index.htm http://www.fileformat.info/tool/unicodeinput/index.htm Online Online http://www.typegreek.com/ http://www.typegreek.com/ http://www.typegreek.com/ http://www.2keystrokes.com/ http://www.2keystrokes.com/ Keyboards Keyboards

9 Keyboards MS Windows Language Bar MS Windows Language Bar Greek – Polytonic Greek Greek – Polytonic Greek Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator (freeware): http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/goglobal/bb964665.aspx Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator (freeware): http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/goglobal/bb964665.aspx http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/goglobal/bb964665.aspx http://opcug.ca/public/Reviews/keyboard_layout.htm http://opcug.ca/public/Reviews/keyboard_layout.htm http://opcug.ca/public/Reviews/keyboard_layout.htm http://www.biblicalgreek.org/links/fonts/keyboard.html http://www.biblicalgreek.org/links/fonts/keyboard.html http://www.biblicalgreek.org/links/fonts/keyboard.html SIL Hebrew (freeware): http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=SILKeyboards SIL Hebrew (freeware): http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=SILKeyboards http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=SILKeyboards Multikey (freeware) http://www.oeaw.ac.at/kal/multikey/ Multikey (freeware) http://www.oeaw.ac.at/kal/multikey/ http://www.oeaw.ac.at/kal/multikey/ KbdEdit: http://www.kbdedit.com/manual/editions.html KbdEdit: http://www.kbdedit.com/manual/editions.html http://www.kbdedit.com/manual/editions.html Antioch (shareware for typing Greek and Hebrew in MS Word, 50 USD): http://www.users.dircon.co.uk/~hancock/antioch.htm Antioch (shareware for typing Greek and Hebrew in MS Word, 50 USD): http://www.users.dircon.co.uk/~hancock/antioch.htm http://www.users.dircon.co.uk/~hancock/antioch.htm Freeware Keyman v. 6. (Koine): http://www.westarinstitute.org/Search/koinegreek.html#layout Freeware Keyman v. 6. (Koine): http://www.westarinstitute.org/Search/koinegreek.html#layout http://www.westarinstitute.org/Search/koinegreek.html#layout Keyman Desktop v. 7. 19/59 USD: www.tavultesoft.com Keyman Desktop v. 7. 19/59 USD: www.tavultesoft.comwww.tavultesoft.com Classical Greek Keyboards: http://www.tavultesoft.com/greek/?search=greek Classical Greek Keyboards: http://www.tavultesoft.com/greek/?search=greekhttp://www.tavultesoft.com/greek/?search=greek GreekKeys (Windows & Mac OS): GreekKeys (Windows & Mac OS): http://apagreekkeys.org/ http://apagreekkeys.org/ http://apagreekkeys.org/ Unicode Keyboards for Mac OS: Unicode Keyboards for Mac OS: http://wordherd.com/keyboards/ http://wordherd.com/keyboards/ http://wordherd.com/keyboards/

10 Spelling Check Free Ancient Greek Spelling Check for OpenOffice: Free Ancient Greek Spelling Check for OpenOffice: http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/proj ect/ancientgreekspellchecker http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/proj ect/ancientgreekspellchecker http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/proj ect/ancientgreekspellchecker http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/proj ect/ancientgreekspellchecker Biblical Greek Spelling Check for MS Word for MAC: Biblical Greek Spelling Check for MS Word for MAC: http://www.linguistsoftware.com/WhatsNew/ whatsnew.htm#GreekUni http://www.linguistsoftware.com/WhatsNew/ whatsnew.htm#GreekUni http://www.linguistsoftware.com/WhatsNew/ whatsnew.htm#GreekUni http://www.linguistsoftware.com/WhatsNew/ whatsnew.htm#GreekUni

11 Help! Where do I find this or that character? Where do I find this or that character? http://www.unicode.org/charts/ http://www.unicode.org/charts/ http://www.unicode.org/charts/ BabelMap: http://www.babelstone.co.uk/Software/BabelMap.html BabelMap: http://www.babelstone.co.uk/Software/BabelMap.htmlhttp://www.babelstone.co.uk/Software/BabelMap.html I only see squares! My letters are disproportionate! I only see squares! My letters are disproportionate! Change your font to one that has a full character set (or at least that for Greek)! Change your font to one that has a full character set (or at least that for Greek)! I don’t have any Unicode fonts! I don’t have any Unicode fonts! http://www.unicode.org/resources/fonts.html http://www.unicode.org/resources/fonts.html http://www.unicode.org/resources/fonts.html SIL: http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=FontDownloads SIL: http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=FontDownloads http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=FontDownloads Gentium (by SIL): http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=gentium Gentium (by SIL): http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=gentium http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=gentium TLG: http://stephanus.tlg.uci.edu/help/UnicodeTest.php TLG: http://stephanus.tlg.uci.edu/help/UnicodeTest.php http://stephanus.tlg.uci.edu/help/UnicodeTest.php Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts (including Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs): http://users.teilar.gr/~g1951d/ Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts (including Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs): http://users.teilar.gr/~g1951d/ http://users.teilar.gr/~g1951d/ Middle Eastern Unicode fonts: http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/fonts-middle-eastern.html Middle Eastern Unicode fonts: http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/fonts-middle-eastern.html http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/fonts-middle-eastern.html

12 I want to know more about Unicode! http://www.unicode.org/ http://www.unicode.org/ http://www.unicode.org/ http://www.unicode.org/standard/tutorial- info.html http://www.unicode.org/standard/tutorial- info.html http://www.unicode.org/standard/tutorial- info.html http://www.unicode.org/standard/tutorial- info.html http://www.tlg.uci.edu/~opoudjis/unicode/unicode.html http://www.tlg.uci.edu/~opoudjis/unicode/unicode.html http://www.tlg.uci.edu/~opoudjis/unicode/unicode.html http://www.tlg.uci.edu/~opoudjis/unicode/unicode.html http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/index.html http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/index.html http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/index.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicode_input http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicode_input http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicode_input http://members.aon.at/neuhold/antike/grkencs_en.html http://members.aon.at/neuhold/antike/grkencs_en.html http://members.aon.at/neuhold/antike/grkencs_en.html http://members.aon.at/neuhold/antike/grkencs_en.html http://ebible.org/translation/Unicode+BibleTransla tion.pdf http://ebible.org/translation/Unicode+BibleTransla tion.pdf http://ebible.org/translation/Unicode+BibleTransla tion.pdf http://ebible.org/translation/Unicode+BibleTransla tion.pdf


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