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Unicode in Biblical Studies By Gergely Juhász Cariad, 28 June 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Unicode in Biblical Studies By Gergely Juhász Cariad, 28 June 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unicode in Biblical Studies By Gergely Juhász Cariad, 28 June 2010

2 (Why) Do we need Unicode? Codepages – same code, several characters Codepages – same code, several characters

3 (Why) Do we need Unicode? In codepages: In codepages: same code represents several different characters (even within one codepage) same code represents several different characters (even within one codepage) same character is represented by different characters same character is represented by different characters not all characters/scripts are represented not all characters/scripts are represented Fonts Fonts Myriad of varieties, each with its own encoding Myriad of varieties, each with its own encoding The computer is not “aware” of the fact that you are typing in Greek or Hebrew (use of punctuation marks). The computer is not “aware” of the fact that you are typing in Greek or Hebrew (use of punctuation marks). Gibberish for those who do not have the font. Gibberish for those who do not have the font. (legality?) (legality?) https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u /greekg/fonts.ht m https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u /greekg/fonts.ht m https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u /greekg/fonts.ht m https://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u /greekg/fonts.ht m

4 Advantages of Unicode 1. Universally compatible (Windows, Mac, Linux, PPC, IPhone, Android, BlackBerry etc.) 1. Universally compatible (Windows, Mac, Linux, PPC, IPhone, Android, BlackBerry etc.) 2. You can use the same font throughout the entire document (e.g. Arial, or Times New Roman) for writing whether in English, Greek or Hebrew (and also for writing in Coptic, Cyrillic, Tamil, Japanese, Vietnamese, Cherokee etc.) 2. You can use the same font throughout the entire document (e.g. Arial, or Times New Roman) for writing whether in English, Greek or Hebrew (and also for writing in Coptic, Cyrillic, Tamil, Japanese, Vietnamese, Cherokee etc.) 3. You (or your editor/publisher) can change the font without messing up your Greek or Hebrew 3. You (or your editor/publisher) can change the font without messing up your Greek or Hebrew 4. You can use it in websites (regardless the browser and the operating system it is viewed in) 4. You can use it in websites (regardless the browser and the operating system it is viewed in) 5. Correct word wrapping : the words won’t break in the middle of a word, diacritic before a capital vowel (Ἅ) stays together with the vowel. 5. Correct word wrapping : the words won’t break in the middle of a word, diacritic before a capital vowel (Ἅ) stays together with the vowel. 6. If you use Hebrew, it will respect right to left reading even when it spills over one line and is mixed within an English (or other left to right language) text, so you don't have to worry about line breaks. 6. If you use Hebrew, it will respect right to left reading even when it spills over one line and is mixed within an English (or other left to right language) text, so you don't have to worry about line breaks. 7. You are not in a shadowy area of copyright by using freely available, not proprietary fonts etc. 7. You are not in a shadowy area of copyright by using freely available, not proprietary fonts etc. 8. You are able to use a spelling checker (if it exists and you own it). 8. You are able to use a spelling checker (if it exists and you own it).

5 How do I start or switch to using Unicode? To convert your existing documents created in another font: To convert your existing documents created in another font: coder.org/ coder.org/ coder.org/ coder.org/ Macro for Greek Parse Macro for Greek Parse Code table Code table

6 Copy & Paste Bible Texts in Unicode (Online) Greek New Testament (NA26): Greek New Testament (NA26): Perseus (with parsing & language tools): hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: :book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue Perseus (with parsing & language tools): hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: :book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: :book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text: :book=Matthew: chapter=1:verse=1&redirect=t rue The Unbound Bible (with many languages and versions, including, BHS, WLC, Aleppo, LXX, Byzantine, TR, WH, UBS4, and a lot more): The Unbound Bible (with many languages and versions, including, BHS, WLC, Aleppo, LXX, Byzantine, TR, WH, UBS4, and a lot more): Hebrew Bible: Hebrew Bible:

7 Copy & Paste Bible Texts in Unicode (Offline) BibleWorks (from version 7.0) BibleWorks (from version 7.0) Go to Tools/Options/Fonts/Export Fonts Go to Tools/Options/Fonts/Export Fonts Choose a Unicode font and make sure Unicode is checked Choose a Unicode font and make sure Unicode is checked E-Sword (freeware with tons of languages and versions): E-Sword (freeware with tons of languages and versions): LOGOS Bible Software LOGOS Bible Software onts onts onts onts ACCORDANCE Bible Software (MAC) ACCORDANCE Bible Software (MAC) upport/unicode.php upport/unicode.php upport/unicode.php upport/unicode.php And many others (e.g. Bible Explorer freeware etc.) And many others (e.g. Bible Explorer freeware etc.)

8 How to type in Unicode? Code converters Code converters MS Word/WordPad specific: MS Word/WordPad specific: Hexadecimal code + ALT X Hexadecimal code + ALT X ALT + Decimal code on Num Keypad (depends on your code page and input locale) ALT + Decimal code on Num Keypad (depends on your code page and input locale) MS Unicode IME (MS Language Bar - Chinese Traditional - Unicode) MS Unicode IME (MS Language Bar - Chinese Traditional - Unicode) Unicode Input Utility: Unicode Input Utility: Online Online Keyboards Keyboards

9 Keyboards MS Windows Language Bar MS Windows Language Bar Greek – Polytonic Greek Greek – Polytonic Greek Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator (freeware): Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator (freeware): SIL Hebrew (freeware): SIL Hebrew (freeware): Multikey (freeware) Multikey (freeware) KbdEdit: KbdEdit: Antioch (shareware for typing Greek and Hebrew in MS Word, 50 USD): Antioch (shareware for typing Greek and Hebrew in MS Word, 50 USD): Freeware Keyman v. 6. (Koine): Freeware Keyman v. 6. (Koine): Keyman Desktop v /59 USD: Keyman Desktop v /59 USD: Classical Greek Keyboards: Classical Greek Keyboards: GreekKeys (Windows & Mac OS): GreekKeys (Windows & Mac OS): Unicode Keyboards for Mac OS: Unicode Keyboards for Mac OS:

10 Spelling Check Free Ancient Greek Spelling Check for OpenOffice: Free Ancient Greek Spelling Check for OpenOffice: ect/ancientgreekspellchecker ect/ancientgreekspellchecker ect/ancientgreekspellchecker ect/ancientgreekspellchecker Biblical Greek Spelling Check for MS Word for MAC: Biblical Greek Spelling Check for MS Word for MAC: whatsnew.htm#GreekUni whatsnew.htm#GreekUni whatsnew.htm#GreekUni whatsnew.htm#GreekUni

11 Help! Where do I find this or that character? Where do I find this or that character? BabelMap: BabelMap: I only see squares! My letters are disproportionate! I only see squares! My letters are disproportionate! Change your font to one that has a full character set (or at least that for Greek)! Change your font to one that has a full character set (or at least that for Greek)! I don’t have any Unicode fonts! I don’t have any Unicode fonts! SIL: SIL: Gentium (by SIL): Gentium (by SIL): TLG: TLG: Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts (including Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs): Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts (including Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs): Middle Eastern Unicode fonts: Middle Eastern Unicode fonts:

12 I want to know more about Unicode! info.html info.html info.html info.html tion.pdf tion.pdf tion.pdf tion.pdf


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