Presentation on theme: "Uluburun: what do the objects from the shipwreck tell us about the origin of the ship and the identity of the crew?"— Presentation transcript:
Uluburun: what do the objects from the shipwreck tell us about the origin of the ship and the identity of the crew?
The Objects Pair of copper oxhide ingots Unique two handled copper ingot Copper bun ingot Nefertiti gold scarab
Large sandstone anchor The Anchors Small limestone anchor Raising the anchors
Suggestion that the last port of call was perhaps Ugarit and before that, a port on Cyprus. E. Cline: the cargo of the ship is an important manifestation of trade between the LH/LM IIIA2 Aegean and the greater Levant. Bachhuber: “elements of the Uluburun cargo appear to be manifestations of elite exchange, the ship seems to be sailing towards the Aegean. “ The Origins of the Ship
The Objects Mycenaean sword (left) Canaanite dagger (mid) Canaanite sword (right) Agate and faience beads Mycenaean steatite lentoid seal (above) and Egyptian steatite plaque.
The Origins of the Crew Bachhuber: the nature of the Uluburun cargo can lay a foundation from which we can begin to speculate about the origins of its personnel. How do you determine the relationship between material culture & ethnicity? Language Religion Identification with a specific territory A shared myth of origin
The Objects A wooden leaf from a writing tablet Bronze female figurine with head, lower arms, and feet clad in gold Ceremonial scepter-mace Large gold chalice
Bass: the wreck appears to be an indication of a sea-route for the east to west transport of copper in the eastern Mediterranean throughout the Late Bronze Age Bachhuber: there is enough evidence to suggest the ship was on route to the Aegean, from the Near East INA: The presence of at least two Mycenaeans on board is indicated while the ship & its crew are thought to be of Canaanite or Cypriot origin Conclusion
References BACHHUBER,C. (2006) Aegean interest on the Uluburun ship. American Journal of Archaeology, Vol.110 No.3 pp BASS, G. (1986) A Bronze Age shipwreck at Ulu Burun (Kas): 1984 campaign. American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 90 No.3, pp HALDANE, C. (1993) Direct evidence for organic cargoes in the Late Bronze Age. World Archaeology, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp INSTITUTE OF NAUTICAL ARCHAEOLOGY, (2006) Bronze Age Shipwreck Excavation at Uluburun [Online] Available: Accessed: 28 October 2006.http://ina.tamu.edu/