Presentation on theme: "4 "Viva La Vida" I used to rule the world Seas would rise when I gave the word Now in the morning I sleep alone Sweep the streets I used to own I used."— Presentation transcript:
4 "Viva La Vida" I used to rule the world Seas would rise when I gave the word Now in the morning I sleep alone Sweep the streets I used to own I used to roll the dice Feel the fear in my enemy's eyes Listen as the crowd would sing "Now the old king is dead! Long live the king!" One minute I held the key Next the walls were closed on me And I discovered that my castles stand Upon pillars of salt and pillars of sand
I hear Jerusalem bells are ringing Roman Cavalry choirs are singing Be my mirror, my sword and shield My missionaries in a foreign field For some reason I can't explain Once you go there was never Never an honest word And that was when I ruled the world It was the wicked and wild wind Blew down the doors to let me in Shattered windows and the sound of drums People couldn't believe what I'd become Revolutionaries wait For my head on a silver plate Just a puppet on a lonely string Oh who would ever want to be king?
4 I hear Jerusalem bells are ringing Roman Cavalry choirs are singing Be my mirror, my sword and shield My missionaries in a foreign field For some reason I can't explain I know Saint Peter won't call my name Never an honest word But that was when I ruled the world I hear Jerusalem bells are ringing Roman Cavalry choirs are singing Be my mirror, my sword and shield My missionaries in a foreign field For some reason I can't explain I know Saint Peter won't call my name Never an honest word But that was when I ruled the world
A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET The poet is the writer of the poem. SPEAKER The speaker of the poem is the voice of the poem.
POETRY FORM 4 FORM - the appearance of the words on the page 4 LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem 4 STANZA - a group of lines arranged together A word is dead When it is said, Some say. I say it just Begins to live That day.
THE SOUNDS OF POETRY
RHYTHM 4 The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem 4 Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
METER A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
RHYME 4 Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.
END RHYME 4 A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line: Hector the Collector Collected bits of string. Collected dolls with broken heads And rusty bells that would not ring.
RHYME SCHEME 4 A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always). 4 Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME The Germ by Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ, Though smaller than the pachyderm. His customary dwelling place Is deep within the human race. His childish pride he often pleases By giving people strange diseases. Do you, my poppet, feel infirm? You probably contain a germ. aabbccaaaabbccaa
REFRAIN/REPETITION 4 A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem. “Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore.’”
ALLITERATION 4 Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
ONOMATOPOEIA Words that imitate the sound they are naming BUZZ 4 OR sounds that imitate another sound “The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of each purple curtain...”
Onomatopoeia Eve Merriam The rusty spigot sputters, utters a splutter, spatters a smattering of drops, gashes wider; slash, splatters, scatters, spurts, finally stops sputtering and splash! gushes rushes splashes clear water dashes.
SIMILE 4 A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” Ex: “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
METAPHOR 4 A direct comparison of two unlike things Ex: “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.” - William Shakespeare
EXTENDED METAPHOR 4 A metaphor that goes on for several lines or possible the entire length of a work.
HYPERBOLE Hyperbole is a form of figurative language. It is an exaggeration or overstatement intended to produce an effect without being taken literally. Examples: “I studied for 500 hours and still failed the test!” or “I’ve told you a million times not to exaggerate.”
HYPERBOLE Hyperbole is often confused with a simile or metaphor because it often compares two objects. The difference is that hyperbole is an exaggeration. An example would be: “His feet were as large as barges.” It looks like a simile and is comparing foot size to the size of a barge. Instead it is a hyperbole due to the exaggeration used.
HYPERBOLE 4 EXERCISE 4 Copy the hyperbole. Then write its literal meaning. 1. I nearly died laughing. 2. Mary tried a thousand times to play the piano. 3. I could sleep for a year. 4. Grant was hopping mad. 5. This box weighs a ton. 6. I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse.
HYPERBOLE 7. I really screamed my lungs out at the game last night. 8. Sasha sang her heart out! 4 Complete the following similes. 4 The teacher was so wonderful that ___________. 4 The class was so boring that ____________.
HYPERBOLE 4 HYPERBOLE MARATHON 4 Write as many hyperboles as you can!
IDIOM 4 An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says. Ex: “It’s raining cats and dogs.”
PERSONIFICATION 4 An animal, object, or idea is given human-like or life-like qualities. EX: from “Ninki” by Shirley Jackson “Ninki was by this time irritated beyond belief by the general air of incompetence exhibited in the kitchen, and she went into the living room and got Shax, who is extraordinarily lazy and never catches his own chipmunks, but who is, at least, a cat, and preferable, Ninki saw clearly, to a man with a gun.
OTHER POETIC DEVICES
IMAGERY 4 Language that appeals to the senses. 4 Most images are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or smell. then with cracked hands that ached from labor in the weekday weather... from “Those Winter Sundays”
SYMBOLISM 4 Often used in poetry 4 A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else. = Innocence = America = Peace
ALLUSION 4 Allusion comes from the verb “allude” which means “to refer to” 4 An allusion is a reference to something famous. A tunnel walled and overlaid With dazzling crystal: we had read Of rare Aladdin’s wondrous cave, And to our own his name we gave. From “Snowbound” John Greenleaf Whittier
TYPES OF POETRY
IMAGERY POEMS 4 Draw the reader into poetic experiences by touching on the images and senses which the reader already knows. 4 The use of the five senses in this type of poetry serves to intensify the impact of the work.
Imagery Poem Example The Red Wheelbarrow by William Carlos Williams so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens.
FREE VERSE 4 Unlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. 4 Does NOT have rhyme. 4 Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you. 4 A more modern type of poetry.
Free Verse Example Song of Myself (excerpt) by Walt Whitman I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. I loaf and invite my soul, I lean and loaf at my ease observing a spear of summer grass.
LYRIC POEMS 4 Usually written in first person point of view 4 Express the thoughts and feelings of the poet 4 Often have a musical quality
Lyric Example I Felt a Funeral in my Brain (excerpt) By Emily Dickinson I felt a Funeral, in my Brain, And Mourners to and fro Kept treading - treading - till it seemed That Sense was breaking through - And when they all were seated, A Service, like a Drum – Kept beating - beating - till I thought My Mind was going numb
COUPLET 4 A stanza of only two lines which usually rhyme. 4 Shakespearean (also called Elizabethan and English) sonnets usually end in a couplet and are a pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought.
Couplet Example By Shakespeare: (two excerpt form his sonnets) Blessed are you whose worthiness gives scope, Being had, to triumph; being lacked, to hope. You still shall live, such virtue hath my pen, Where breath most breathes, even in the mouths of men.
HAIKU A Japanese poem written in three lines Five Syllables Seven Syllables Five Syllables An old silent pond... A frog jumps into the pond. Splash! Silence again.
SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET 4 A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme. 4 The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet. 4 The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg
Sonnet Example Shakespeare: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date. Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometimes declines, By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed. But thy eternal summer shall not fade
NARRATIVE POEMS 4 A poem that tells a story. 4 Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.
Example of Narrative Poem Annabel Lee (excerpt) By Edgar Allan Poe It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may know By the name of ANNABEL LEE; And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me.
CONCRETE POEMS 4 In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imagination. Yet for those who see, Through their mind’s Eye, they burn Up the page.
Example of Concrete Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imagination. Yet for those who see, Through their mind’s Eye, they burn Up the page.
DIAMANTE 4 A seven-line, diamond-shaped poem which contrasts two opposites. It is more a visual poem than one to be read aloud. Students can illustrate their final copies to produce an art piece. It follows this format: (Next Page)
DIAMANTE FORM: First Line and seventh line - Name the opposites. Second and sixth lines - Two adjectives describing the opposite nearest it. Third and fifth lines - Three participles (ing words) describing the nearest opposite. Fourth line - two nouns (if possible) for each of the opposites. (This is the transition point where the poem changes from one of the opposites to the other.)
CINQUAIN A short, five-line, non-rhyming poem which follows this format: 1st line - The title (one word) 2nd line - Describes the title (two words) 3rd line - Express action (three words) 4th line - A feeling or thought (four words) 5th line - A synonym for the title or a word close in meaning to it.