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Unit 5, Part 1 UNIT 5, Part 1 Acts of Courage Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 5, Part 1 UNIT 5, Part 1 Acts of Courage Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 5, Part 1 UNIT 5, Part 1 Acts of Courage Click the mouse button or press the space bar to continue

3 Unit 5, Part 1 MAIN MENU Acts of Courage (pages 970–1019) Click a selection title to go to the corresponding selection menu.

4 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King SELECTION MENU Before You Read Reading the Selection After You Read Selection Menu (pages 970–987) Grammar Workshop

5 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ Meet T. H. White Click the picture to learn about the author.

6 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ In the following selection, Arthur, referred to as “Wart,” experiences a sudden change in status. Before you read the selection, think about the following questions: How would you react if you were suddenly given great responsibility? How might your friends react? Connecting to the Story

7 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ This story takes place somewhere in England at some time during the medieval period when men wore armor and fought with swords. The author refers to the setting simply as “an imaginary world.” Building Background

8 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, jousting was one of the most popular sports in Europe. It involved two armored horsemen charging at each other with lowered spears, or lances. The goal was to knock the opponent off his horse. Sometimes the jousters merely broke their lances; occasionally they were injured or killed. King Henry II of France died after a jousting tournament in honor of his daughter’s marriage. Building Background

9 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ As you read, notice how White reveals the qualities that will make young Arthur a great king. Setting Purposes for Reading Acts of Courage

10 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Setting Purposes for Reading BEFORE YOU READ An idiom is a phrase with a special meaning that is different from the literal meaning of the words that make it up. Expressions such as “dying to see you” and “catching someone’s eye” are examples of idioms. Idiom

11 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Setting Purposes for Reading BEFORE YOU READ In this selection, White sometimes uses idioms that are anachronistic, or out of their proper time period. As you read, note his use of idioms. Idiom

12 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ Analyzing Tone The tone of a literary work is a reflection of the author’s attitude toward the subject. A writer’s tone may convey a variety of attitudes, including sympathy or humor.

13 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ Analyzing Tone Reading Tip: Creating Character Sketches To determine the tone of White’s story, create charts for each of the characters. Find examples that reveal the character’s personality and make a list of adjectives that describe the character. Then decide what White’s attitude is toward the character and explain your reasoning.

14 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ Analyzing Tone

15 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ petulantlypetulantly adv. crankily; in an annoyed way (p. 973) The small child sulked petulantly when she did not get her way. vulgarvulgar adj. characterized by a lack of good breeding or good taste; common; crude (p. 976) Vulgar behavior offends people who value courtesy and good manners. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

16 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ sumptuoussumptuous adj. costly and magnificent (p. 977) The flowers at my sister’s expensive wedding were sumptuous. combatantcombatant n. one trained for, or engaged in, combat (p. 978) The combatants fought each other mercilessly. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

17 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King BEFORE YOU READ throngthrong v. to move or gather in large numbers; to crowd together (p. 979) People thronged the park to see the fireworks. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

18 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King

19 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Keep the following question in mind as you read. In what ways does the Wart show courage? READING THE SELECTION Answer: He is honorable, loyal, resourceful, humble, and selfless.

20 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Predicting Read the first six paragraphs of the selection. Predict how people will react to the news. Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Some may say people will grieve. Others may say they will try to figure out who will succeed the king.

21 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Look at the painting on page 972. What can you infer about a tournament by examining the painting? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Focus on the grandiosity of the tournament, based on details such as the castle in the background, the pristine field, the immense crowd, and the knights on horseback and in full regalia. Viewing the Art

22 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Dialect Speech written in dialect reflects the character and background of the person speaking. Read aloud some examples of dialect on pages 972–973. Explain what the dialect indicates about the characters. Literary Element READING THE SELECTION

23 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Answer: The characters use slang and informal language, which suggests they are ordinary people. Characters such as Nannie use the Cockney dialect, which suggests they have less education than the noble characters. Literary Element READING THE SELECTION

24 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Analyzing Tone Read the text highlighted in blue on page 973. How does the author use characterization to emphasize his humorous tone? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The characters’ dialect and the narrator’s colloquial diction communicate the informal and lighthearted tone. For example, having the characters repeat each other and mispronounce words shows that the author is not taking the legend entirely seriously.

25 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Analyzing Tone Read the text highlighted in blue on page 974. How would you describe the tone of this selection so far? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The tone, as conveyed through the characters, is humorous. King Pellinore, Sir Ector, and Sir Grummore are portrayed as absentminded old men who repeatedly misunderstand one another.

26 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Idiom Read the first text highlighted in purple on page 974. What is Sir Ector telling King Pellinore to do? Is this an expression you would expect to hear in medieval times? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Sir Ector is telling King Pellinore to relax, using a colloquial expression of a different time.

27 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Idiom Read the second text highlighted in purple on page 974. What does King Pellinore mean? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: He means that Sir Grummore and Sir Ector are confusing him with their constant interruptions.

28 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Analyzing Tone Read the text highlighted in blue on page 975. How does the characters’ discussion about whether to go to London affect the tone of the story? Consider the casual nature of their comments. Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION

29 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Answer: The author combines a realistic detail—the difficulty of traveling to London in the Middle Ages—with the otherwise contemporary dialogue of the characters. Therefore, a statement such as “My father went there once” has a humorous effect. Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION

30 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Look at the painting on page 975. What do you think were some benefits and liabilities of wearing armor like this in battle? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Benefits: protection. Liabilities: very heavy; hot inside; limited visibility; hard to balance on a horse. Viewing the Art

31 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Character Read the first column on page 976. Is Kay a realistic character? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Kay says that “all the best people will be there.” He wants to see a splendid tournament and famous people. He says people will think poorly of the family if they do not go. The dialogue realistically portrays the arguments of a teenager.

32 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Idiom Read the text highlighted in purple on page 977. What does Ector’s reaction to Merlyn’s departure suggest about Merlyn’s character? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Merlyn is well-loved and respected by Ector as well as by the others, especially the Wart. Jolly is an idiom that means “very” or “quite.”

33 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page 977. Why might such a journey have required courage to undertake? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Travel was arduous in the Middle Ages. Travelers faced poor conditions, went by horseback or on foot, and risked assault from thieves. Taking such a journey would have required great bravery.

34 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Idiom Read the text highlighted in purple on page 978. Explain the meaning of “full to the brim.” Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: So many people were in London for the tournament that new arrivals had no place to stay. “Full to the brim” is a modern expression, implying close to overflow, like a pot filled with liquid.

35 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page 978. What conflicting emotions is Kay experiencing? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Nighttime dreams of courageous victory have given way to nervous fears as the day approaches.

36 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Connecting Read the description of the tournament scene on pages 978 and 979. To what type of modern event might the tournament be compared? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Some examples may be a football game, horse race, or Olympic event.

37 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page 979. What do you learn about the Wart’s character from this paragraph? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Wart is not as meek as he may appear; he is bright and honorable and resents being ordered around.

38 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Look at the painting on page 979. In the painting, how do the people react to Arthur’s pulling the sword from the stone? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The people look surprised and somewhat confused. Viewing the Art

39 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Look at the painting on page 979. How is their reaction similar to or different from that of Kay and Sir Ector? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Kay and Sir Ector are surprised, but they quickly begin to treat Arthur like royalty. Viewing the Art

40 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the first text highlighted in tan on page 980. Why is the Wart willing to go to such lengths to obtain a sword for Kay? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The Wart gets over his anger and begins to feel sorry for Kay, realizing that he was quite upset about not having a sword for the tournament. Wart’s bravery demonstrates the noble person he really is.

41 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Analyzing Tone Read the text highlighted in blue on page 980. How would you describe the author’s tone as the Wart decides to pull the sword from the stone and attempts to do so? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION

42 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Answer: The author plays up the irony and humor of the Wart, casually deciding to pull the sword from the stone, which he assumes is “some sort of war memorial.” He becomes more serious as he describes the differences in Wart’s perceptions brought on by holding the sword. Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION

43 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the second text highlighted in tan on page 980. Why does the Wart try so hard to pull the sword from the stone? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The Wart struggles bravely with the sword because of the allegiance he feels toward Kay and Ector. His courage is demonstrated by his selfless attempt to aid in Kay’s success. This is yet another sign that Arthur will one day make a good king.

44 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Idiom Read the text highlighted in purple on page 981. What is the Luce telling the Wart to do? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: The Luce is telling the Wart that he should use his back as leverage in pulling the sword from the stone. This is an example of another modern idiom.

45 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Analyzing Tone Read the text highlighted in blue on page 981. At the climactic moment when the Wart draws the sword from the stone, what do you notice about the author’s tone? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The tone switches from playful and humorous to quiet and almost reverential.

46 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Look at the painting on page 981. Imagine the conversations among the spectators or the thoughts of the jousters. What might they be thinking about, feeling, wondering, or fearing? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Responses should reflect details seen in the painting or learned from the text. Viewing the Art

47 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Idiom Read the text highlighted in purple on page 982. What are the people at the tournament doing? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: The people are making a lot of noise cheering as the tournament continues.

48 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the first text highlighted in tan on page 983. Will the Wart be a good king? Explain. READING THE SELECTION Answer: The Wart’s even temper, loyalty, selflessness, and courage indicate that he has the potential to be a good king.

49 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Acts of Courage Read the second text highlighted in tan on page 983. In your opinion, is Kay brave? Why or why not? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Some may say that Kay is brave because he admitted to being a liar. Others will say that he is cowardly for lying in the first place.

50 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Analyzing Tone Read the text highlighted in blue on page 983. What is the author’s tone at the end of the story? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The author’s portrayal of the Wart’s confused emotions is serious and touching.

51 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King

52 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Answer: You should refer to specific incidents in the story. Responding and Thinking Critically Respond 1.How did you react to the Wart’s behavior at the beginning of the excerpt? At the middle? At the end? Explain.

53 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 2.(a) Why does the death of King Uther throw the country into a state of excitement? (b) What effect does the death of the old king have on Sir Ector and his companions? Explain.

54 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) The king left no heir. (b) They are sad at first, but then they grow curious about who will succeed him.

55 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 3.(a) What news does the Wart announce to Sir Ector and Kay? (b) What can you infer about the Wart’s relationship with Merlyn? Support your answer with details from the story.

56 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) The Wart announces that Merlyn is leaving. (b) The Wart has an affectionate relationship with Merlyn and sees him as his mentor. His attitude is shown by his emotional reaction when Merlyn leaves and his calling upon Merlyn when he has difficulties.

57 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 4.(a) Why is the Wart unable to bring Sir Kay’s sword back to him? (b) Why does the Wart silently obey Sir Kay’s order to fetch his sword?

58 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) The inn where they are staying is locked. (b) It is the Wart’s duty, and it is not in his nature to cause trouble by refusing an order.

59 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 5.(a) Sir Kay claims that he pulled the sword from the stone. Why does he change his story? (b) What does the Wart’s response to this suggest to you about his character and future leadership?

60 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) Kay is unable to make a false promise to his trusting father. (b) Arthur’s silence suggests that he is wise and tactful and not power hungry, traits that promise to make him a good leader.

61 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Answer: Repetition of the music and the light emphasizes the importance of the event and evokes suspense. Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 6.How does White’s use of repetition in the first churchyard scene affect your appreciation of the story? Explain.

62 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Answer: To show that Arthur will be a good leader because he was raised well Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 7.Why did White portray Sir Ector as a wise and loving father?

63 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Answer: Yes, because becoming king was an enormous step and people felt great respect for their king Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 8.Do Sir Ector’s and Sir Kay’s reactions to the Wart’s sudden “promotion” seem true to life? Explain.

64 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Connect 9.In your opinion, what is White saying about heroism and acts of courage? Answer: An example may be that a person becomes a hero by acting nobly. Acts of courage sometimes entail controlling one’s impulses and trying to empathize with those who treat one shabbily. Acts of Courage

65 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Idiom Idioms differ according to language and culture. Native speakers of English, for instance, use expressions such as “take it with a grain of salt” and “wrap it up,” but these idioms would be difficult to translate for a foreign visitor learning English, because no direct translation exists. Americans might even have to work to “translate” idioms commonly found in British English, due to differences in vocabulary.

66 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Idiom 1.Why does White use more contemporary idioms in his retelling of the Arthurian legend?

67 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Idiom Answer: White uses modern-day expressions to instill a humorous tone that serves to lighten the story and to make the characters more accessible to the modern reader.

68 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Idiom Answer: You may say that the idioms enhance the story by creating the humorous tone. 2.In your opinion, do these idioms enhance or detract from the story? Explain your answer.

69 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ As you learned on pages 968–969, a legend is a story usually based on actual events that have been exaggerated over time. Many legends are based on the lives and exploits of kings, especially those who lived at a time when stories were more likely to be told orally. Review: Legend

70 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Partner Activity With a classmate, use the library or Internet to research other legendary kings of England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. Select two or three stories about legendary kings and then compare and contrast them with what you know of the Arthurian legend. Review: Legend

71 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Make a chart like the one on the next slide to organize your points. Share your findings with the rest of the class. Review: Legend

72 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ

73 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ The author’s tone, or attitude toward his or her subject, can be revealed through elements such as word choice, punctuation, sentence structure, and figures of speech. Analyzing Tone

74 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Analyzing Tone Answer: The overall tone is one of lighthearted humor. 1.Describe the overall tone of “Arthur Becomes King.”

75 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Analyzing Tone Answer: Examples may be pulled from the idioms or the conversations between King Pellinore and Sirs Ector and Grummore. 2.List three details that help convey the tone.

76 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Practice Practice with Context Clues Use context clues to determine the meaning of each boldfaced word.

77 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Practice 1.When frustrated, King Pellinore sometimes spoke petulantly. A.peevishly B.forcefully

78 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Practice 2. Some of the spectators acted in a vulgar way, pushing and shoving to get a better view. A.considerate B.crass

79 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Practice 3. The knight wore sumptuous armor and a cloak with gold embroidery. A.rusty B.splendid

80 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Practice 4. The rules of the tournament forbade the combatants to attack a fallen warrior. A.fighters B.allies

81 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Practice 5. Like rock concerts today, many people thronged medieval tournaments. A.crowded B.refused

82 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary These words will help you think, write, and talk about the selection. despite prep. in spite of; regardless of grant v. to allow or consent to something

83 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary Practice and Apply Answer: The Wart persists because he knows he must find a sword for Kay. 1. Why does the Wart try to pull out the sword a third time, despite his previous failed attempts?

84 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary Practice and Apply Answer: Sir Ector asks that Arthur make Kay his seneschal, the manager of a king’s estate. 2. What request does Sir Ector ask Arthur to grant at the end of the story?

85 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Analyze Characters No one is more surprised than Wart to find that he is to be king of England. Does Wart have what it takes to be a good king? Review the selection for evidence that young Arthur possesses royal qualities and then write a brief analysis of his character. Include quotations from the text to support your analysis.

86 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Before you begin drafting, brainstorm a list of “kingly” traits that you detect in the Wart. Use the list on the next slide to help develop your analysis of the Wart.

87 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Present your opinion of Wart’s character in a concise thesis statement. Add supporting evidence. Refer to the “kingly traits” you brainstormed. Briefly summarize your position and consider offering a related insight.

88 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Internet Connection Arthurian legend has developed over hundreds of years, and many variations of the stories exist. Using the Internet, find other legends about King Arthur and share them with the class.

89 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Using Fragments for Effect A sentence fragment is a word group written as a sentence but lacking either a subject, a verb, or both. Because sentence fragments are grammatically incorrect and often difficult to understand, writers tend to avoid using them. However, authors may use sentence fragments in dialogue to help create the sound of natural speech. White’s Language and Style

90 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ For example, in “Arthur Becomes King,” Sir Kay expresses a desire to go to London. “Long way to London,” Sir Grummore replies. His statement lacks a subject and a verb, but it is the kind of clipped, fragmentary comment you might hear in actual speech. White’s Language and Style

91 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ White’s Language and Style Note the following sentence fragments that occur in the dialogue in “Arthur Becomes King”

92 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King AFTER YOU READ Partner Activity Copy a passage from “Arthur Becomes King” that includes several sentence fragments. With a partner, replace these fragments with complete sentences. Then discuss how this changes the effect of the dialogue. White’s Language and Style

93 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King

94 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur SELECTION MENU Before You Read Reading the Selection After You Read Selection Menu (pages 988–1008)

95 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ Meet Sit Thomas Malory Click the picture to learn about the author.

96 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ Le Morte d’Arthur is a series of stories about knights and their brave deeds. Before you read the story, think about the following questions: Who is your hero? What makes that person a hero to you? Who do you think will be remembered as a hero five hundred years from now? Connecting to the Story

97 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ In late medieval Europe (the twelfth to fifteenth centuries), knights and noblemen tried to behave according to a strict code of chivalry. Chivalry is derived from the French word chevalier, meaning “horseman.” A chivalrous knight, however, was more than a skilled rider. He also strove to be generous to the weak and courteous to women. Building Background

98 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ Le Morte d’Arthur is a series of stories about King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In episodes that take place between “The Tale of King Arthur” and “The Tale of Sir Launcelot du Lake,” King Arthur marries Gwynevere. Her father gives Arthur the Round Table, and Arthur seeks to fill its 150 seats with knights. Arthur and his bravest knights, including Launcelot, go to Rome to fight Lucius. The Knights of the Round Table, especially Launcelot, show great strength and courage, defeating the Romans against huge odds. Building Background

99 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ As you read this selection, notice how Malory’s legend provides evidence that Arthur is a courageous hero. Setting Purposes for Reading Acts of Courage

100 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Setting Purposes for Reading BEFORE YOU READ Dialogue is conversation between characters in a literary work. Dialogue can contribute to characterization, create mood, advance the plot, and develop theme. Pay careful attention to the use of dialogue as you read this legend. Dialogue

101 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ Analyzing Plot When you analyze plot, you critically examine the sequence of events in a narrative work. Most plots develop around a conflict, or a struggle between opposing forces. A legend’s plot may consist of a series of random conflicts.

102 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ Analyzing Plot Reading Tip: Taking Notes Compare and contrast the plot of Le Morte d’Arthur with the plot of a short story you have read.

103 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ Analyzing Plot

104 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ abashedabashed adj. self-conscious; embarrassed or ashamed (p. 992) Mike was abashed about his too-short haircut. inscribeinscribe v. to write, carve, or mark on a surface (p. 994) The wedding band was inscribed with the couple’s initials. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

105 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ ignobleignoble adj. of low birth or position; without honor or worth; (p. 995) They were shocked to discover that the charming young man had such ignoble beginnings. tumultuoustumultuous adj. wildly excited, confused, or agitated (p. 995) The horse galloped away, taking the girl on a tumultuous ride. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

106 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur BEFORE YOU READ prowessprowess n. great ability or skill (p. 996) Her prowess on the violin was evident as she played the solo. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

107 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur

108 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Keep the following question in mind as you read. What situations develop that demand courage from the characters? How do different characters display courage? READING THE SELECTION

109 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Answer: The various battles, captures, and threats from opponents all demand courage. Sir Launcelot confronts powerful knights and rescues many people. King Uther puts himself in a dangerous situation to inspire his people. Several knights prefer to face death rather than give in to their opponents. READING THE SELECTION

110 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the image on page 972 of Arthur on the left and Launcelot on the right. What can you tell about the differences between these characters based on how they are pictured? READING THE SELECTION Viewing the Art

111 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Answer: Arthur is a king, while Lancelot is a knight dressed for battle. Arthur appears thoughtful, while Lancelot appears ready to fight his enemies. READING THE SELECTION Viewing the Art

112 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the text highlighted in purple on page 991. How does this dialogue help characterize Igraine? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: The dialogue helps characterize Igraine as brave and loyal to her husband.

113 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the painting on page 991. Determine which characters in Le Morte d’Arthur seem to be portrayed in the painting. Defend your choices with details from the painting. READING THE SELECTION Answer: You might say that the character on the right resembles the wizard Merlin. He may be explaining his plan for winning Igraine to King Uther, on the left. Viewing the Art

114 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page 992. How do you think this event will advance the plot? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: A possible prediction is that Uther will be able to deceive Igraine, allowing him to take advantage of her when her guard is down.

115 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the last paragraph on page 992. What do you think of King Uther when he tells Igraine, “tell me the truth and I swear I shall love you the better for it.” Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Some may find him kind and understanding. Others may think that he is manipulative, since he has tricked Igraine and asks the question to see if she will tell him the truth, even though he has deceived her.

116 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page 993 to the end of the next paragraph. What is so remarkable about the king’s statement? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The king is aware that Merlin had arranged for him to be the father of Igraine’s child and that the baby was conceived in a deceptive way. He keeps his word to Merlin, even if it means giving up his child.

117 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the image on page 993. How does the sculpture reflect the relationship between Merlin and Arthur? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The sculpture portrays Merlin’s wisdom, kindliness, and love for Arthur. It makes him seem like a father figure. Viewing the Art

118 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page 994. What purpose have the events in this story served up until this point? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The events have set in motion Arthur’s ascension to the throne.

119 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Etymology Look up the origin of the words noble and nobility. Explain how the original meaning relates to the meaning used by Malory. READING THE SELECTION Answer: Both words come from the Latin nobilis, meaning “well-known.” Nobles are well-known because of outstanding qualities or aristocratic birth. Language History

120 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot The scene in which Arthur pulls the sword from the stone is a climatic one because it answers the question of who will succeed the throne. What is the tone of this scene? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION

121 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The scene is not very suspenseful. Arthur pulls out the sword accidentally and then must perform the action several more times before he is allowed to become king. The scene has a matter-of-fact tone.

122 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page 995. What conflict is being revealed here? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Sir Kay creates conflict when he lies to his father and tells him that he freed the sword from the stone. The reader knows that Arthur actually tugged the sword free.

123 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the text highlighted in purple on page 995. What does this response reveal about Arthur? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Arthur seems both unassuming and unaware. He does not seem to know what his actions mean, and he does not seem to feel that he deserves the admiration of Sir Ector and Sir Kay.

124 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the second paragraph on page 996. Do you consider Sir Launcelot’s decision to leave the court in search of adventure to be an act of courage? Why or why not? READING THE SELECTION

125 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Answer: Answers will vary. Some might think it is courageous, while others may think it is impetuous and childish of him to go off blindly in search of “adventure” because he is tired of his life at court. READING THE SELECTION

126 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page 996. What does this action reveal about Sir Lyonel? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Sir Lyonel is courageous, but his decision to challenge the knight on his own, without the assistance of his experienced uncle, seems foolish.

127 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read page 997. What are the functions of the dialogue on this page? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: It characterizes Sir Ector, furthers the plot, and provides vivid images of the castle setting.

128 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the painting on page 997. King Arthur’s knights are known as the Knights of the Round Table. What do you think is the significance of the table’s being round? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Since the table was round, none of the knights could claim higher rank than any other. Viewing the Art

129 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page 998. How does this detail create suspense? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: The reader is reminded of Sir Launcelot’s vulnerable position as he sleeps under the apple tree. The prisoners seem to lose hope because they believe that something may have happened to Launcelot.

130 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page 998. From this statement, what do you think Sir Launcelot values? READING THE SELECTION Answer: It seems that Sir Launcelot values his honor and his loyalty to Gwynevere more than his own life.

131 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the text highlighted in purple on page 999. What does this dialogue reveal about Sir Launcelot? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Launcelot is grateful and generous to those who help him, and he is true to his word.

132 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the fifth paragraph on page 999. How does the plot of this legend compare to many contemporary plots? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Instead of being built around one major conflict, the plot describes a series of conflicts that are seemingly random. Similarly, a series of new characters appears with whom the protagonist is in conflict.

133 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page 999. Why do you think Sir Launcelot makes these requests? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Launcelot does not want to use his reputation to intimidate his opponents. Instead, he wants to prove himself by his deeds. He also wants to allow King Bagdemagus the opportunity to triumph before he enters the battle.

134 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the second paragraph on page After reading the description of the combatants he faces, what do you think of Launcelot’s decision to fight for the king? READING THE SELECTION Answer: The description of the numerous men Launcelot faces makes him appear particularly brave and generous in agreeing to fight.

135 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the painting on page What inferences can you make about the lifestyle of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere, based on this art? READING THE SELECTION Answer: They lived a very opulent life, had feasts, and had servants attending to them. Viewing the Art

136 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue What is the style of Launcelot’s dialogue? How does it complement his character? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: His dialogue is formal and extremely polite. He uses phrases like “most happily challenge” and “vindicate the honor” that emphasize his role as a knight.

137 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the painting on page What can you learn about the brotherhood of knights from this painting? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Note that the bright colors of the painting suggest a festive occasion. The knights appear to be enjoying their feast, and their close proximity to one another suggests a sense of camaraderie. Viewing the Art

138 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page Why do you think Launcelot reveals himself, exposing himself to further danger? READING THE SELECTION Answer: You may say that Launcelot believes it is more important to expose his identity and risk death than lie and damage his sense of honor.

139 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the text highlighted in purple on page How do the other characters’ responses to Launcelot help characterize them? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: They are loyal and respectful. They not only feel it is their duty, but they are eager to follow him on his quest.

140 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page The noblewoman tells Launcelot that he is the “bravest and gentlest” knight she has known. What is the significance of these two adjectives? READING THE SELECTION

141 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur READING THE SELECTION Answer: It is not enough for a knight to be a brave and skillful fighter; he must also be “gentle,” polite, kind to women, and socially astute.

142 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the last paragraph in the first column on page According to his words, how does Launcelot believe a knight should behave? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION

143 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Knights should devote themselves to tournaments, wars, and adventures instead of to relationships with women. Some unmarried knights may choose to have affairs at the expense of their virtue. If a knight were to behave in this way, he would be at a disadvantage against virtuous knights.

144 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Analyzing Plot Read the text highlighted in blue on page Why do you think Malory returns Sir Launcelot to Tintagil? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION

145 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Malory is reminding the reader of events in the first legend that led to the birth of Arthur. King Uther was attracted to Igraine and arranged with Merlin to have a relationship with her. Launcelot’s return to Tintagil reveals how different he is from King Uther.

146 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Look at the painting on page How does the picture help you understand the variety of life in King Arthur’s court? READING THE SELECTION Answer: It shows the honor, chivalry, camaraderie, and respect that are part of life in Camelot. Viewing the Art

147 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the last paragraph on page Launcelot rushes to Sir Kay’s aid, saying “If they kill Sir Kay I shall be a party to his death.” What does this tell you about Launcelot? READING THE SELECTION

148 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Answer: He has a strong sense of honor and duty and feels that he must always try to help someone out of an unfair situation. If he did not do everything in his power to prevent Sir Kay’s murder, he would feel as guilty as if he had struck the blow himself. READING THE SELECTION

149 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the text highlighted in purple on page What does this statement reveal about the fraternity of knights? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: The knights seem to follow a code of conduct in battle. For example, when one knight kills another, he earns the right to the fallen knight’s armor.

150 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Dialogue Read the fifth complete paragraph on page What is the effect of Sir Sagramour’s announcing he will challenge Sir Kay and the knights, not knowing who is riding in Kay’s armor? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION

151 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Answer: This section adds humor and irony because the reader knows it is really Launcelot in Sir Kay’s armor, and that the knights are wrong to think this rider will be easily conquered. Literary Element READING THE SELECTION

152 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page Why does Sir Launcelot refrain from describing his acts of courage? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Launcelot is a noble character who does not perform his deeds for personal glory, but in honor of Gwynevere and for the glory of knighthood in general. He does not want to boast of his exploits; the other knights will do so for him.

153 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur

154 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Answer: You should refer to the setting and characters of the legend in your response. Responding and Thinking Critically Respond 1.What is your reaction to the world of King Arthur and his knights? If you could be transported there for a day, would you go? Why or why not?

155 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 2.(a) What does Merlin ask of King Uther in return for granting his wish? (b) Why, do you think, does Merlin request this reward for helping Uther?

156 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) Merlin asks for custody of the child that Igraine will bear Uther. (b) Merlin arranged the birth of Arthur and wants to control his fate.

157 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 3.(a) What events lead Arthur to pull the sword from the stone? (b) What does Arthur’s behavior immediately after pulling the sword free tell you about him?

158 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) Arthur’s brother, Sir Kay, forgets his sword and asks Arthur to go back for it. (b) Arthur is modest and selfless. His rule will probably be more fair and generous than Uther’s rule.

159 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 4.(a) Why is Sir Tarquine so determined to kill Sir Launcelot? (b) Why do you think Sir Launcelot reveals his identity, knowing that the ensuing fight will lead to death?

160 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) Because Launcelot had killed his brother (b) Because he is an honest, virtuous knight, and because he is confident he can win the battle

161 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 5.Do the characters of King Uther Pendragon and Igraine seem realistic? Why or why not?

162 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Answer: You may say the characters of Uther and Igraine do not seem realistic because their relationship is based on magic. Or you may say they are realistic because Uther demonstrates the human trait of lust and the use of trickery to get what he wants, while Igraine defends her virtue. Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate

163 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Answer: Response should show knowledge of the plot and characters of the legend. Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 6.If you were one of the nobles, would you have proclaimed the young Arthur to be king as described in “The Tale of King Arthur”? Explain.

164 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Answer: He is revealed to be a dishonest and weak character. Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 7.What do you learn about Sir Kay’s character in “The Tale of King Arthur” that foreshadows what his fellow knights think of him in “The Tale of Sir Launcelot du Lake”?

165 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Connect 8.Why would Sir Launcelot be described as courageous? Is he a hero? Explain. Answer: Include specific details about Launcelot’s character and about your own understanding of the definition of courage. Acts of Courage

166 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Dialogue Much of Le Morte d’Arthur is related through dialogue, the written conversation between characters. Dialogue gives readers a sense of a character’s personality and feelings, and helps readers focus on important scenes.

167 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Dialogue In “The Tale of King Arthur,” for example, the reader realizes the importance of King Uther’s feelings when Uther says “Igraine has broken my heart, and unless I can win her, I shall never recover.”

168 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Dialogue Answer: You may say that the dialogue shows the relationship between the men. 1.Reread the scene on page 995 in which Sir Ector realizes that Arthur has removed the sword from the stone. Why do you think the author chose to use dialogue here?

169 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Dialogue Answer: Give specific reasons for your choice. For example, Launcelot’s response to Morgan le Fay on page 998 is effective because it reveals his personality and gives insight into a knight’s moral code. 2.Which passage of dialogue in the selection do you find particularly effective or striking? Why?

170 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ As you learned on pages 968–969, a hero is the chief character in a literary work, typically one whose qualities or noble deeds arouse the admiration of the reader. Review: Hero

171 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Partner Activity Critic Jeffrey Helterman observes that “Arthur institutes a code of behavior which stresses always succoring [aiding] ladies... and never taking up battles for a wrongful cause.” With a partner, find examples from “The Tale of Sir Launcelot du Lake” of knights following this code of behavior. Review: Hero

172 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Review: Hero Use a chart like the one shown. What can you infer from the code about the values held by this society?

173 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Often, determining the author’s purpose in plotting certain episodes can help readers understand the theme of a legend. Analyzing Plot

174 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Analyzing Plot Answer: Malory included this to illustrate his virtue and his devotion to Gwynevere. 1.Why do you think Malory included Launcelot’s refusal to choose a paramour from among Morgan le Fay and her companions?

175 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Analyzing Plot Answer: Malory may have included the scene to show Launcelot’s devotion to protecting women. 2.Why might Malory have included Launcelot’s killing of Sir Tarquine within the plot?

176 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Analyzing Plot Answer: Malory wants to express the moral code of the knights. 3.Using what you know about the plot, what message do you think Malory wants to express? Explain.

177 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Practice Practice with Word Origins Choose the word that has the same origin as each vocabulary word on the next slides. Use a dictionary if you need help.

178 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Practice 1.abashed A.abacus B.bashful C.basked

179 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Practice 2. tumultuous A.timid B.tepid C.tumor

180 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Practice 3. ignoble A.ignorance B.nobility C.igneous

181 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Practice 4. inscribe A.scribble B.scrutiny C.install

182 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary These words will help you think, write, and talk about the selection. ensure v. to make certain; to insure impact v. to have an effect

183 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary Practice and Apply Answer: Launcelot ensures that he will face Sir Kay’s enemies and that Sir Kay will ride home without challenge. 1. By exchanging armor, what is ensured for Sir Launcelot? For Sir Kay?

184 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary Practice and Apply Answer: Answers may vary. 2. How did the violence in this selection impact you? Would you have preferred less of it? Why or why not?

185 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Compare and Contrast Characters Malory introduces and describes strong characters in this legend. He discusses and shows their personal characteristics, some of which are in distinct contrast with those of other characters.

186 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Choose two characters from the legend, such as Launcelot and Sir Kay, or Merlin and Uther. Write a one- or two-page analysis in which you compare and contrast the personalities and qualities of these characters. Use evidence from Malory’s legend to explain your position.

187 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Before you begin drafting, take notes on the similarities and differences of each character in the Venn diagram shown.

188 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Include evidence from the legend to support your descriptions of the characters. Once you have completed the diagram, begin drafting. Writing About Literature

189 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Invite a peer reviewer to exchange drafts with you. Proofread and edit each other’s drafts, and provide comments about those areas you find particularly interesting, as well as places that may need more clarification. Check for errors in spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

190 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur AFTER YOU READ Literature Groups One element of Arthurian legend was the tradition of courtly love, in which knights devoted themselves to a lady, often a married woman. Within your group, discuss how the relationships between men and women in the selections compare with gender roles in society today.

191 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur

192 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote SELECTION MENU Before You Read Reading the Selection After You Read Selection Menu (pages 1009–1019)

193 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ Meet Miguel De Cervantes Click the picture to learn about the author.

194 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ The following excerpt from Don Quixote depicts an underdog, or someone who is not expected to succeed. Before you read the story, think about the following questions: Can you remember a time when you defied the odds? Explain. How do you generally feel about an underdog in a given situation? Connecting to the Story

195 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ Cervantes published the novel Don Quixote in two parts, the first in 1605 and the final in The excerpt included here is just a fraction of the entire work, which, in some English translations, spans over one thousand pages. Building Background

196 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ Don Quixote discusses two sharply different perspectives of the world: idealism (envisioning things in an ideal form) and realism (envisioning things as they actually are). The work can be appreciated as a satire of idealism in an imperfect and often corrupt world. Don Quixote also highlights the way illusion can transform. Its influence on the development of the modern novel is significant and global. Building Background

197 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ As you read this excerpt, reflect on how Don Quixote is a hero in his own mind, and how this information is enough to render his acts courageous. Setting Purposes for Reading Acts of Courage

198 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Setting Purposes for Reading BEFORE YOU READ A parody is a humorous imitation of a literary work that aims to illustrate the work’s shortcomings. A parody may imitate the plot, characters, or style of another work, but usually exaggerates those characteristics. As you read, think about why this work is a parody of chivalry and stories about knights. Parody

199 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ Evaluating Characters When you evaluate characters, you make judgments or form opinions about them by paying close attention to their actions, statements, thoughts, and feelings. As you read this excerpt, notice how Cervantes provides details about the characters’ personalities, physical attributes, and ways of thinking about life, particularly knightly life.

200 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ Evaluating Characters Reading Tip: Looking for Clues As you read, think about the clues the author gives about each character’s personality. Some clues will be subtle, while others will be directly stated.

201 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ interminableinterminable adj. having or seeming to have no end (p. 1012) The students found the exam to be interminable. renownrenown n. a state of being widely acclaimed (p. 1012) In the 1920’s my aunt was a singer of worldwide renown. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

202 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ redressredress v. to correct or compensate for a wrong or loss (p. 1013) The man felt there was no way to redress the tragic loss of his dog. discourteousdiscourteous adj. impolite (p. 1015) The angry pedestrian was discourteous to the driver of the car that hit him. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

203 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote BEFORE YOU READ enmityenmity n. hatred or ill will (p. 1017) The organization has enmity toward anyone who abuses animals. Click a vocabulary term to listen to the definition.

204 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote

205 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Acts of Courage Keep the following questions in mind as you read: How do the characters display courage? When a character feels courageous, does he also appear this way to an outside observer? READING THE SELECTION

206 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Answer: Don Quixote displays courage by battling giants and other enemies. When he feels particularly brave, such as when he attacks the windmill that he thinks is a giant, he appears to others as simply absurd and insane. READING THE SELECTION

207 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Evaluating Characters Read the second column on page What do we learn from the description of Don Quixote’s eating habits and clothing preferences? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: He is idle and decadent. He amuses himself with tasty and extravagant items.

208 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Look at the painting on page How do the figures in the painting reflect the qualities of knighthood in the passage? READING THE SELECTION Answer: Answers may vary, but you should refer to specific parts of the painting and selection. Viewing the Art

209 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Evaluating Characters Read the text highlighted in blue on page Do you think Don Quixote is behaving like a typical knight? Explain. Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Don Quixote spends his time reading about knights and their escapades. An actual knight would live these adventures instead of reading about them.

210 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Parody Read the text highlighted in purple on page What is Cervantes conveying about Don Quixote here? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Cervantes exaggerates to show Don Quixote’s humorous and desperate state of mind, a condition that contrasts with a knight’s usual state.

211 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page Do you think Don Quixote is ready to perform acts of courage? Explain. READING THE SELECTION Answer: You may say that Don Quixote has read frivolous stories and does not seem well prepared for or practiced in adventure.

212 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Parody Read the text highlighted in purple on page How is Cervantes parodying typical knight behavior with Don Quixote’s behavior here? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: Cervantes ironically says that Don Quixote “ingeniously” made a half-visor from pieces of pasteboard. This is not something a real knight would wear.

213 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Look at the painting on page What aspects of architectural study can you see in the painting? READING THE SELECTION Answer: You may refer to the window, trim, or furniture. Viewing the Art

214 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Evaluating Characters Read the second column on page What does Don Quixote’s approach to the farm girl tell you about him? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: He is so wrapped up in his fantasy that he transforms everything around him—even people—to suit his purpose.

215 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page What kind of person does Don Quixote choose as a squire? Is he a suitable choice? Why or why not? READING THE SELECTION Answer: He chooses a lower class honest laborer. As a knight in training, his honesty will serve him well, but his intelligence is lacking.

216 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Evaluating Characters Read the text highlighted in blue on page What do Panza’s and Don Quixote’s actions here tell you about them? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: Sneaking away is not typical behavior—one expects a knight to leave openly and with pomp. These are unusual, almost childish knights.

217 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Look at the painting on page Does this painting represent the spirit of adventure? Why or why not? READING THE SELECTION Answer: You may point to the road (beginning of a journey), sword (knight’s weapon), tired animals (not so glamorous), etc. Viewing the Art

218 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Acts of Courage Read the text highlighted in tan on page Do you think Don Quixote is behaving courageously here or foolishly? Explain. READING THE SELECTION

219 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Answer: Don Quixote is convinced that the windmills are monsters to fight. His intentions are courageous. However, he is foolish because his behavior is based on a misconception. READING THE SELECTION

220 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Look at the painting on page What does this painting tell you about the character Sancho Panza? READING THE SELECTION Answer: You should point to his size and pampered look, and say that he is concerned with the indulgent side of life, i.e., food and drink. Viewing the Art

221 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Parody Read the text highlighted in purple on page How does this scene parody traditional tales of knighthood? Literary Element READING THE SELECTION Answer: In a traditional tale, the foe would not be a windmill or an inanimate object, and the knight would not have mistaken a windmill for an enemy. A true knight would not need a reprimand from his squire.

222 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Acts of Courage Read the fourth paragraph on page When Don Quixote says, “I propose to tear down just such a limb from the first oak we meet,” how courageous is he? Has your opinion changed from earlier in the story? READING THE SELECTION

223 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Answer: He could be viewed as more courageous, because even after the windmill fiasco, he is undaunted and still believes he can achieve great things. READING THE SELECTION

224 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Evaluating Characters Read the text highlighted in blue on page What characters traits does Don Quixote reveal here? Reading Strategy READING THE SELECTION Answer: He is heroic and moral. He suffers his injury bravely as a knight should.

225 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote

226 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Answer: (a) Answers may vary. (b) Answers will vary, but should be supported by text details. Responding and Thinking Critically Respond 1.(a) How did you react to the character of Don Quixote? (b) Is he someone you would consider heroic? Explain.

227 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 2.(a) What causes Don Quixote to lose his wits? (b) How do you know that Cervantes is parodying the style of Feliciano de Silva?

228 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) Sleep deprivation “addles his brains.” (b) The language in the “quotation” is unlike that of Cervantes’s own book, and the quotation itself makes no sense.

229 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 3.(a) How does Don Quixote persuade Sancho Panza to become his squire? (b) How would you describe Sancho Panza’s philosophy of life?

230 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) He promises him an island to govern. (b) He is concerned with the basics of life: food and comfort.

231 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 4.(a) What is Don Quixote’s purpose in becoming a knight errant? (b) Satire holds up something or someone to ridicule or critique. What is the target of Cervantes’s satire when the narrator describes Don Quixote’s lofty goals?

232 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret Answer: (a) To increase his renown and serve the state by redressing wrongs (b) The whole concept of knight-errantry and those who idealize it

233 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Recall and Interpret 5.(a) How do Don Quixote and Sancho Panza each view the windmills? (b) What might the windmills symbolize? Explain. Answer: (a) Don Quixote sees evil giants, and Sancho Panza sees windmills. (b) People’s problems or dangers

234 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 6.Cervantes’s depiction of his hero is the source of the English word quixotic, which describes a person caught up in the romantic pursuit of unreachable goals without regard for practicality. (a) What do you think are the dangers of seeing the world in this way? (b) Are there any advantages? Explain.

235 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate Answer: (a) It leaves a person unprepared for life’s realities. (b) Enthusiasm and motivation in the pursuit of a goal

236 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Answer: It is not an answer to current problems and may not have originally been wonderful. Responding and Thinking Critically Analyze and Evaluate 7.Through the character of Don Quixote, what might Cervantes be suggesting about people who “live in the past”?

237 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Responding and Thinking Critically Connect 8.Do you agree that Don Quixote is a courageous yet sympathetic character, or do you think that he is merely a buffoon? Explain your opinion. Answer: Most will probably find him to be a sympathetic character. Acts of Courage

238 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Parody A parody seeks to poke fun at or critique some aspect of society. Cervantes uses parody in Don Quixote to offer his critique of a life and time dominated by greed and violence, as well as to poke fun at popular novels about chivalry, such as Amadís de Gaula.

239 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Parody Answer: It is a sort of higher wisdom. In his madness, Don Quixote sees meek people as good. He can call the rich “monsters” and get away with it. 1.How does Cervantes use Don Quixote’s madness to help him parody aspects of life?

240 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Parody 2.What are some particular incidents in this selection that use humor to show that Don Quixote is not an ideal knight like those in Arthurian legends or others in chivalric romances?

241 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Parody Answer: He thinks windmills are giants, whereas the ideal knight would see a windmill realistically.

242 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Parody Answer: His exact name is unknown and disputed, contrasting with his high self- image. His lady’s and horse’s names are exaggerated and comical. 3.How do the names used throughout Don Quixote contribute to its humor and its use of parody?

243 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ As you learned on page 834, every character in literature has certain personality traits or qualities that are revealed to us in the course of a literary work. Sometimes a writer creates characters who are foils for one another— those who have opposite personality traits and are best understood in contrast with each other. Review: Foil

244 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ For example, one character may be calm, while the foil may be hot-tempered. By showing us the two figures side by side in the same situations, the author stresses their differences and helps the reader see their individual qualities more clearly. Review: Foil

245 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Partner Activity Pair up with a classmate and discuss the questions on the following slides about the use of foils in Don Quixote: Review: Foil

246 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Review: Foil 1.How do Don Quixote’s traits compare with those of Sancho Panza? Answer: Don Quixote is idealistic and impractical. Sancho Panza has too little wit or imagination to dream.

247 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ 2.In the code of medieval chivalry, a squire served as an apprentice or knight-in-training. How does the portrayal of Sancho Panza by Cervantes mock the role of the squire in medieval courtly romances? Review: Foil

248 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Answer: Sancho Panza does not belong to the appropriate class nor does he have any appropriate qualities, except loyalty. Review: Foil

249 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Most people in Don Quixote’s time thought of the ideal knight as being physically strong, capable, and honorable. Don Quixote, however, is elderly, weak, and somewhat delusional. Evaluating Characters

250 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Furthermore, as his squire, he chooses Sancho Panza, who is married, poor, and concerned with providing enough food and money for his family. The characters in Don Quixote in some ways highlight the qualities that traditional knights did not aspire to possess. Evaluating Characters

251 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Evaluating Characters Answer: It would not have been a comical parody of the genre. 1.How might the story be different if Don Quixote or Sancho Panza were ideal types?

252 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Evaluating Characters 2.Why do you think Don Quixote chose Sancho Panza instead of a more suitable candidate?

253 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Evaluating Characters Answer: To contrast with Don Quixote’s imagination and belief. Don Quixote probably had limited options for potential squires, as most people would be hesitant to accompany a delusional man on an imaginary journey.

254 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Practice Practice with Synonyms Find the synonym for each vocabulary word listed on the following slides.

255 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Practice 1.interminable A.foul B.endless

256 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Practice 2. renown A.fame B.renew

257 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Practice 3. redress A.remedy B.outfit

258 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Practice 4. discourteous A.rude B.lost

259 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Practice 5. enmity A.unified B.hatred

260 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary These words will help you think, write, and talk about the selection. tradition n. customs practiced from generation to generation resolve v. to make a firm decision about something; to determine

261 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary Practice and Apply Answer: He sets out on a journey, he becomes a knight errant, he tries to right wrongs, and he meets a woman. 1. What is one way that Don Quixote follows tradition in this story?

262 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Academic Vocabulary Practice and Apply Answer: Quixote promises him an island of which he will be governor. 2. What causes Sancho Panza to resolve to be Don Quixote’s squire?

263 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Apply Theme As explained earlier, a quixotic character is one who is foolishly impractical. Write your own adventure involving a quixotic character, set either in Don Quixote’s time or in the present.

264 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature Before you begin drafting, outline your story’s beginning, middle, and end. Jot down some notes about the main character’s personality, what he or she looks like, and the conflict that the character will go through in the story.

265 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ You may want to use a chart similar to the one below. Writing About Literature

266 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ If you are comfortable parodying an aspect of contemporary life, add this to your story. Once you have completed the diagram from the previous slide, begin drafting. Writing About Literature

267 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Writing About Literature After completing your draft, choose a peer reviewer and exchange stories. Evaluate each other’s work for clarity and flow. Discuss areas of your partner’s draft that may need clarification or more description. Then proofread and edit your own draft for errors in spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

268 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote AFTER YOU READ Learning for Life In small groups, conduct a mock interview with Don Quixote. Brainstorm and formulate interview questions, possible responses by Don Quixote, and the interview host’s words. Choose one group member to conduct the interview, one to be Don Quixote, and one to be the stage manager. Practice the interview before presenting it to your classmates.

269 Unit 5, Part 1

270 Using Main and Subordinate Clauses Sentence Structure Connecting to Literature In “Arthur Becomes King,” T. H. White uses sentences that include both main and subordinate clauses. A main, or independent, clause has a subject and a predicate, expresses a complete thought, and can stand alone as a sentence. A subordinate, or dependent, clause has a subject and a predicate, but does not express a complete thought, and thus cannot stand alone as a sentence. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP

271 Unit 5, Part 1 Using Main and Subordinate Clauses “Let me help you up, Sir Ector, because you are making me unhappy.” — T. H. White, from “Arthur Becomes King” GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Connecting to Literature In the sentence above, “Let me help you up, Sir Ector” is the main clause, and “because you are making me unhappy” is the subordinate clause. Sentence Structure

272 Unit 5, Part 1 Using Main and Subordinate Clauses Here is how to identify main and subordinate clauses and turn them into complete sentences. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Main clause The story was written by T. H. White Explanation Because the clause has a subject—story—and a predicate —was written—and expresses a complete thought, it can stand alone as a complete sentence. Sentence Structure

273 Unit 5, Part 1 Using Main and Subordinate Clauses Solution To create a sentence, add a period to the main clause. The story was written by T. H. White. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Sentence Structure

274 Unit 5, Part 1 Using Main and Subordinate Clauses GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Subordinate clause Because the story was interesting Explanation The clause has a subject—story—and a predicate—was—but does not express a complete thought. Sentence Structure Solution To create a sentence, combine the subordinate clause with a main clause. Because the story was interesting, I wanted to read more of the author’s work.

275 Unit 5, Part 1 Exercise 1.Since the boy was able to pull the sword out easily, unlike the others who tried. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Rewrite the following sentences to make complete sentences. If the sentence is already complete, write “correct.” Sentence Structure Answer: Since the boy was able to pull the sword out easily, unlike the others who tried, he became king. Using Main and Subordinate Clauses

276 Unit 5, Part 1 Exercise 2.While it was clear that he was the new king. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Rewrite the following sentences to make complete sentences. If the sentence is already complete, write “correct.” Sentence Structure Answer: While it was clear that he was the new king, Wart was unhappy. Using Main and Subordinate Clauses

277 Unit 5, Part 1 Exercise 3.Sir Ector and the other men were amazed by the feat. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Rewrite the following sentences to make complete sentences. If the sentence is already complete, write “correct.” Sentence Structure Answer: Correct Using Main and Subordinate Clauses

278 Unit 5, Part 1 Exercise 4.After Wart pulled the sword. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Rewrite the following sentences to make complete sentences. If the sentence is already complete, write “correct.” Sentence Structure Answer: After Wart pulled the sword, Sir Kay and Sir Ector knelt. Using Main and Subordinate Clauses

279 Unit 5, Part 1 A main clause has a subject and a predicate, expresses a complete thought, and can stand alone as a sentence. A subordinate clause has a subject and a predicate, but does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Sentence Structure Using Main and Subordinate Clauses Vocabulary Terms

280 Unit 5, Part 1 Test-Taking Tip To identify main and subordinate clauses on a test, separate the clause from the rest of the sentence. If it makes sense on its own, it is a main clause. GRAMMAR WORKSHOP Sentence Structure Using Main and Subordinate Clauses

281 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Bellringer The Once and Future King This is the title of the book from which this excerpt is taken. Unit 5, Part 1 BELLRINGER What might this title mean?

282 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Bellringer What character traits do you associate with a hero? Are there differences in the way you think of past heroes and heroes today? Unit 5, Part 1 BELLRINGER Heroes from the Fifteenth Century to the Present

283 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Bellringer What qualities do you associate with a knight? What kind of life does a knight live? Do you find legends about knights entertaining? Unit 5, Part 1 BELLRINGER A Knight’s Qualities and Way of Life

284 Unit 5, Part 1 Arthur Becomes King Bellringer Option Unit 5, Part 1 BELLRINGER OPTION TRANSPARENCY Click on the image to see a full version of the Bellringer Option Transparency.

285 Unit 5, Part 1 Le Morte d’Arthur Bellringer Option Unit 5, Part 1 BELLRINGER OPTION TRANSPARENCY Click on the image to see a full version of the Bellringer Option Transparency.

286 Unit 5, Part 1 Don Quixote Bellringer Option Unit 5, Part 1 BELLRINGER OPTION TRANSPARENCY Click on the image to see a full version of the Bellringer Option Transparency.

287 Unit 5, Part 1 A.Uther’s sons were fighting for the crown. B.Uther did not want anyone to assume the crown upon his death. C.He had no heirs. D.The citizens could not vote for a new king. Why is there no king after the death of King Uther? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

288 Unit 5, Part 1 A.the existence of a sword in an anvil and stone B.the rise of enemy agitators C.the results from the recent battles in France D.the develop of new weapons What other information besides the death of Uther did the gray friar tell King Pellinore? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

289 Unit 5, Part 1 A.He has lost his magical abilities. B.He is going to London to have a try at the sword. C.He is no longer wanted. D.He has outlived his usefulness there. What reason does Merlyn give for leaving? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

290 Unit 5, Part 1 A.at the finest hotel in London B.at an inn on property that Sir Ector owned C.at the house of Wart’s parents D.in the doorways of shops Where in London did the group stay? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

291 Unit 5, Part 1 A.That Wart forever address him as “father” B.That Wart become commander-in- chief of the army C.That Kay inherit enough money to live out his life in comfort D.That Kay could manage the future king’s estate. What request does Sir Ector ask of the Wart at the end of the section? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

292 Unit 5, Part 1 A.He was tired of fighting and did not want to die. B.He learned about the beauty of the duke’s wife. C.He knew that he could never defeat the duke’s forces. D.He had grown quite fond of the duke. Why did king Uther call a truce with the Duke of Tintagil? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

293 Unit 5, Part 1 A.Sir Ulfius B.Sir Ector and his wife C.the duke of Tintagil D.Merlin Who raised Arthur when he was a baby? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

294 Unit 5, Part 1 A.Arthur won a jousting contest. B.Arthur reminded them that he was the son of King Uther. C.Arthur called on Merlin to prove his deed was true. D.He reinserted the sword and removed it again. How did Arthur prove to Sir Ector and Kay that he had pulled the sword from the stone? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

295 Unit 5, Part 1 A.to summon Merlin or be enchanted with everlasting sleep B.to choose one of her four queens as a paramour or die C.to help her defeat Arthur’s knights or die D.to marry her or be banished from England What proposition does Morgan le Fay make to Sir Launcelot? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

296 Unit 5, Part 1 A.He exchanges armor with Sir Kay. B.He publicly threatens anyone who might attack Sir Kay. C.He loans Sir Kay his horse. D.He asks Merlin to watch over Sir Kay. How does Sir Launcelot provide for Sir Kay’s safe journey home? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

297 Unit 5, Part 1 A.clothes B.weapons C.food D.slippers What did Don Quixote buy with three- quarters of his income? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

298 Unit 5, Part 1 A.his horse B.his sword C.his favorite book D.his estate Which of Don Quixote’s possessions was named Rocinante? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

299 Unit 5, Part 1 A.Donkeys were believed to bring bad luck. B.Don Quixote never heard of a knight- errant’s squire riding a donkey. C.He disliked donkeys. D.He knew that a donkey could not keep up with his fast horse. Why did Don Quixote hesitate a little when Sancho Panza said he will be bringing along a donkey? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

300 Unit 5, Part 1 What, in reality, were the giants that Don Quixote attacked? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS A.strange looking rocks B.church steeples C.tall trees D.windmills

301 Unit 5, Part 1 A.tear a limb from an oak tree to use as a club B.steal a new weapon from the first knight they encounter C.defeat the giants and take their weapons D.rely on the strength of his body After losing his lance, what did Don Quixote plan to do? CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

302 Unit 5, Part 1 ►Literary Terms HandbookLiterary Terms Handbook ►Reading HandbookReading Handbook ►FoldablesFoldables ►Writing HandbookWriting Handbook ►Business WritingBusiness Writing ►Language HandbookLanguage Handbook ►Test-Taking Skills HandbookTest-Taking Skills Handbook ►Daily Language Practice TransparenciesDaily Language Practice Transparencies Unit 5, Part 1 REFERENCE ►Grammar and Writing Workshop TransparenciesGrammar and Writing Workshop Transparencies

303 Unit 5, Part 1 Help To navigate within this Presentation Plus! product: Click the Forward button to go to the next slide. Click the Previous button to return to the previous slide. Click the Section Back button to return to the beginning of the section you are in. If you are viewing a feature, this button returns you to the main presentation. Click the Home button to return to the Chapter Menu. Click the Help button to access this screen. Click the Speaker button to listen to available audio. Click the Speaker Off button to stop any playing audio. Click the Exit button or press the Escape key [Esc] to end the chapter slide show. Presentation Plus! features such as the Reference Handbook, Literature Online, and others are located in the left margin of most screens. Click on any of these buttons to access a specific feature. Unit 5, Part 1 HELP


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