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The Region as a Nexus of Learning Processes Chapter 3 of THE ASSOCIATIONAL ECONOMY -- Firm, Regions, and Innovation By Philip Cooke & Kevin Morgan Liang.

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Presentation on theme: "The Region as a Nexus of Learning Processes Chapter 3 of THE ASSOCIATIONAL ECONOMY -- Firm, Regions, and Innovation By Philip Cooke & Kevin Morgan Liang."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Region as a Nexus of Learning Processes Chapter 3 of THE ASSOCIATIONAL ECONOMY -- Firm, Regions, and Innovation By Philip Cooke & Kevin Morgan Liang Yong

2 Introduction: What does this book talk about The purpose of the book: In this book, the authors represent their ten years research to offer an analysis of regional economic evolution and the role of co-ooperation as a governance mechanism and policy mediator in that process. Empirical study: 1. Baden-Wurttemberg – Germany (Chap. 4.) 2. Emilia-Romagna -Italy(Chap. 5.) 3. Wales. – Great Britain (Chap. 6) 4. Basque – Spain (Chap. 7)

3 Introduction: What do the former two chapters talk about Chapter 1. Explore the emergence of a third way between state and market-led development. Namely the associational mode based on a more social and collaborative mode of economic organization. Chapter 2. Explore the ways in which the corporate governance structure of large firms is being rethought to give greater consideration to a community of stakeholder that is less rootless than that of share holders and note the ways in which leading corporations are seeking to break down the walls inside their own organizations to reintegrate, for example, research and production.

4 Introduction: What does chapter 3 talk about This chapter Explore the reasons for the increased decentralization of corporate function to relatively specializ regionalized location. Region as a key dimension of socio-economic and politico-cultural organization, functions in the corporate and governance dimensions of economic co- ordination.

5 The Region: From Defence to Offence What is Deffensive Analysis regions and localities in difficulty need worked-out survival strategies locally and regionally and the accounts are of what responses could be or in fact were. What is Offensive Analysis How rich and dynamic regional economies are What is Regionalization The delimitation of a supralocal territory by a superordinate politico- administrative delimitation may follow. It may be a “culture area.” What is Regionalism That comes into play more as cultural processes. Combining with political and economic ones on occasions come into focus.

6 Regions as Laboratories Regions as Externalized Learning Institutions From being spaces upon which resource-based staple or routine productions were inscribed, they have moved in many cases to positions closer to that definable as laboratories in the learning economy Regional Externalization and Specialization The externalization and specialization now evident as firms seek efficiency gains for competitive advantage are met by a regionalization of innovation programmes as part of a wider decentralization of industrial policy.

7 Innovation, System, Lock-in, and Industrial Districts A new function – Reflexivity process of monitoring and evaluating in complex ways the likely implications of the innovation for the regional system. Three loops Industrial Districts Version of existing social-economic systems with clear boundaries Evolutionary Economics Constructed by Nelson and Winter in 1982. Firms are theorized as repositories of knowledge with social capabilities of compromising, satisficing, learning, and resource-developing behavior

8 Beyond Regional Path-Dependence to Economies of Association Regional Path-dependence This process definition draws attention to the institutional and organizational means by which the region as a system of collective socialorder actually seeks to secure or switch its inherited regional path- dependencies by enhancing its capacity for learning. Economies of Association Of crucial importance to this is the elaboration of economies of association which, where achieved, further both economic efficiency and potentially, social equity.

9 Cluters and Innovation in China 1. An overview of China 2. Chinese National and Regional Innovation System 2.1 China Torch Program 2.2. China 211 Program 2.3. China 863 High-tech Program


11 Case study: Beijing Zhong Guan Cun Science City Zhong Guan Cun science city include Five high-tech parks. They are: Haidian, Changping,FeingTai, YiZhuang and Electronic City. One city, Five Parks The symbol of Zhong Guan Cun

12 Case Study: The Born and Growth of Clusters in Zhong Guan Cun 1. The name of Zhong Guan Cun. 2. The pineer who creat China Silicon Valley. Prof. Chen Chunxian began career with $ 100 in 1980. 3. The growth of Zhong Guan Cun in 1980s’ The First high tech zone authorized by Chinese Government in 1988 The Beijing Founder Group The Beijing Legond Group 4. The development of Zhong Guan Cun in 1990s’ The Beijing Zhong Guan Cun computer festival in 1998.

13 Case Study: R&D spillovers as agglomeration externalities 1. The clusters of universities Peking Univ. Tsinghua Univ. China Academy of Science. Northern Jiaotong Univ. 2. The role of multinatinal companies as former comers. IBM, HP, Microsoft, Compaq,

14 Case Study: Another theoretical perspective of Zhong Guan cun A sustainable development model of Zhong Guan Cun Policy Demand Resource Market Environment supply Economy Product Technology

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