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EAGLEMINESAFETYEAGLEMINESAFETY PRESENTS: “THE DEPTH OF ONE’S INTEGRITY IS ROOTED IN THE FOUNDATION OF ONE’S PERSONAL PRIDE, PROFESSIONAL MORALS & COMMITMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "EAGLEMINESAFETYEAGLEMINESAFETY PRESENTS: “THE DEPTH OF ONE’S INTEGRITY IS ROOTED IN THE FOUNDATION OF ONE’S PERSONAL PRIDE, PROFESSIONAL MORALS & COMMITMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 EAGLEMINESAFETYEAGLEMINESAFETY PRESENTS: “THE DEPTH OF ONE’S INTEGRITY IS ROOTED IN THE FOUNDATION OF ONE’S PERSONAL PRIDE, PROFESSIONAL MORALS & COMMITMENT TO EXCELLENCE” - S. D. SANDBROOK

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3 WHAT DO YOU THINK? IS IT POSSIBLE TO REACH “ZERO”? OR SHOULD I ASK … IS IT PROBABLE TO REACH “ZERO”?

4 THE REAL QUESTION IS… HOW PROABLE IS IT? THE LOWER 10% IS CAUSING 90% OF THE PROBLEMS.THE LOWER 10% IS CAUSING 90% OF THE PROBLEMS. THE LOWER 10% IS COMPOSED OF ALL LEVELS OF AN ORGANIZATION AND/OR AGENCY.THE LOWER 10% IS COMPOSED OF ALL LEVELS OF AN ORGANIZATION AND/OR AGENCY. THEY WILL ALWAYS BE PRESENT.THEY WILL ALWAYS BE PRESENT. THAT’S LIFE…GET OVER IT!THAT’S LIFE…GET OVER IT!

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6 MINE SAFETY & HEALTH ACT 1977 CLEARLY STATES: “SEC. 2. Congress declares that-- (a)the first priority and concern of all in the coal or other mining industry must be the health and safety of its most precious resource--the miner; … AND (e) the operators of such mines with the assistance of the miners have the primary responsibility to prevent the existence of such conditions and practices in such mines; …AND (g) it is the purpose of this Act (2) to require that each operator of a coal or other mine and every miner in such mine comply with such standards”

7 TRAINING & THE PAST … Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. - Albert Einstein So … How were you trained?

8 Let them learn the hard way?

9 The Old Guy who’s done it before?

10 The “Copy-Cat” method?

11 The injured Guy who got hurt doing it the wrong way?

12 Figure it out yourself … Common Sense?

13 NOW …WHERE DO WE START? Hire the Right People … (Hire for Attitude, Train for Skill)Hire the Right People … (Hire for Attitude, Train for Skill) Get your supervision on board.Get your supervision on board. Conduct a Need’s Assessment.Conduct a Need’s Assessment. Develop your Training Plan.Develop your Training Plan. Conduct your Mandatory Training … (ART, NHEMT, NMT)Conduct your Mandatory Training … (ART, NHEMT, NMT) Conduct your Task Training.Conduct your Task Training. MonitorMonitor

14 Qualified: 1)Having the appropriate qualifications for an office, position, or task. 2)Limited, restricted, or modified: a qualified plan for expansion. Competent: Competent: 1)Properly or sufficiently qualified; capable: a competent typist. 2)Adequate for the purpose: a competent performance. 3)(Law) Legally qualified or fit to perform an act. QUALIFIED v. COMPETENT INSTRUCTOR

15 Regardless of who is receiving this training there are 7 components that must be accomplished, 1.The Health and safety aspects and safe operating procedures for work tasks, equipment, and machinery; 2.If a change occurs in a miner's assigned task; 3.Supervised practice during nonproduction; 4.Supervised operation during production; 5.New or modified machines and equipment; 6.When a new hazardous chemical is introduced into a miners work area; 7.When an existing chemical is found to possess a new hazard.

16 TASK TRAINING M/NM? 30 CFR § New task training. (c) You are not required to provide new task training under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section to miners who have received training in a similar task or who have previous work experience in the task, and who can demonstrate the necessary skills to perform the task in a safe and healthful manner. To determine whether task training under this section is required, you must observe that the miner can perform the task in a safe and healthful manner. WHAT’S THE TRAP HERE? 30 CFR § New task training. (c) You are not required to provide new task training under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section to miners who have received training in a similar task or who have previous work experience in the task, and who can demonstrate the necessary skills to perform the task in a safe and healthful manner. To determine whether task training under this section is required, you must observe that the miner can perform the task in a safe and healthful manner. WHAT’S THE TRAP HERE?

17 TRAINING CONTENT? The Reg’s?The Reg’s? Policies?Policies? Procedures?Procedures? Past Accidents?Past Accidents? Hazard / Risk Awareness?Hazard / Risk Awareness? Manufacturer’s Spec’s … mmmManufacturer’s Spec’s … mmm Let’s take a look at that last one...

18 SLAVE STANDARD 30 CFR § 56/ Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity intended by the manufacturer where such use may create a hazard to persons. Coal is Reg specific, not general like M/NM 30 CFR § 56/ Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity intended by the manufacturer where such use may create a hazard to persons. Coal is Reg specific, not general like M/NM

19 METAL/NONMETAL MINE FATALITY - On June 18, 2014, a 41-year- old production supervisor with 19 years of mining experience was killed at a sand and gravel mine. The victim and two contract workers were attempting to remove an impeller that was seized onto the threaded shaft of a centrifugal pump. After several failed attempts to unscrew the impeller, heat from a torch was applied to the enclosed hub on the impeller. While applying heat, the hub exploded and metal fragments struck the victim.

20 Citation No issued under the provisions of Section 104(d)(1) citation of the Mine Act for a violation of 30 CFR : On June 18, 2014 a fatal accident occurred when a miner was struck by metal fragments of an impeller hub. The victim, a production supervisor, and two contract miners were working to remove an impeller from slurry pump. The impeller was seized onto the threaded shaft. While performing maintenance on the machine, the victim and two contract miners applied heat from a torch to the impeller hub, and it exploded. Management engaged in aggravated conduct constituting more than ordinary negligence by disregarding the manufacturer's warnings not to apply heat to the impeller hub. This is an unwarrantable failure to comply with a mandatory safety standard. This violation is an unwarrantable failure to comply with a mandatory standard. Order No issued under the provisions of Section 104(d)(1) order of the Mine Act for a violation of 30 CFR 46.7(a): Task training was not provided for the task of removing the impeller on slurry pumps. The victim and contractor miners were working to remove an impeller from a slurry pump which was seized onto the threaded shaft, when heat from the torch was applied the impeller exploded, killing the Production Supervisor. Management engaged in aggravated conduct constituting more than ordinary negligence by not providing task training for this task. This is an unwarrantable failure to comply with a mandatory safety standard. This violation is an unwarrantable failure to comply with a mandatory standard.

21 — An operator committed an S&S and “unwarrantable” violation of §48.7(c) where it failed to provide adequate task training to an inexperienced continuous miner helper who was killed when he was struck in the head by the continuous miner’s tail boom. The individual who trained the miner provided only about 30 minutes of training, failed to cover all of the areas in the company’s training plan, and failed to use the machine manufacturer’s service bulletin. The violation was S&S because the inadequate training contributed to the fatal accident. The accident investigation turned up 13 additional alleged training violations which indicated an “indifference” at the mine to training. A $32,000 penalty was assessed. White Oak Mining & Construction Co., Docket Nos. WEST , 19 FMSHRC 1414 (Aug. 13, 1997), 4 MSHN 473 (Sept. 5, 1997) (ALJ Hodgdon).

22 A citation alleging that a cement producer violated Part 46 new task training requirements in a case in which two workers were injured by a pressurized hose was vacated. MSHA's argument that the occurrence of the accident meant that the miners were inadequately trained to perform the task was rejected. MSHA's investigator testified that one of the injured workers told him that he did not know where the pressure relief valves were located. But the miner's statement was discounted as a "sickbed conversation" because he was "suffering from traumatic shock and effects of pain medication." The miner's testimony as to his training history was corroborated by his supervisor and was credited. It was found that the accident occurred from "carelessness or inattention," not inadequate training. Dacotah Cement, Docket No. CENT M, 24 FMSHRC 782 (July 31, 2002), 9 MSHN 347 (Aug. 19, 2002) (ALJ Schroeder), rev. granted (Aug. 30, 2002).

23 Maybe start with a JSA? A job safety analysis (JSA) provides a very strong foundation for task training.A job safety analysis (JSA) provides a very strong foundation for task training. The JSA concept is simple:The JSA concept is simple: –Select a task to be analyzed. –Separate the task into its basic steps. –Identify hazards associated with each step. –Control each hazard.

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26 Task Training Check List (classroom)  Review company policy  Review established procedures  Reviewed health and safety aspects and safe operating procedures for work tasks, equipment and machinery 30 CFR § a (1)  Supervised practice during nonproduction 30 CFR § a.(2) (i) / 30 CFR § 46.5(e)  Supervised operation during production 30 CFR § a. (2) (ii) / 30 CFR § 46.5(e)  GHS/HAZCOM orientation  New or modified machines and equipment 30 CFR § a (3) / 30 CFR § 46.2(n)  Review Manufactures Operating Manual  Review Manufactures other resources (cut sheets/DVD’S)

27 Task Training Check List (field)  Instruct employee the correct process of performing a quality “Pre-Use/Work Area Inspection” … (tools, area, mobile equipment)  Explain / Perform the task in front of the employee  Supervised practice during nonproduction 30 CFR § a.(2) (i) / 30 CFR § 46.5(e)  Supervised operation during production 30 CFR § a. (2) (ii) / 30 CFR § 46.5(e)  Document

28 THE HUMAN FACTOR CONSIDER THE WHOLE PERSON People Are the Sum Total of Their Experience, Combined With Their Genetic Make-up. Reinforce Good Behavior. Discourage Bad Behavior. Reinforce Good Behavior. Discourage Bad Behavior. Learn Your Employees Strengths and Weaknesses. Learn Your Employees Strengths and Weaknesses. Learn Strengths, Reward Them and Use Them. Learn Strengths, Reward Them and Use Them. Learn Weaknesses and Help To Improve Them. Learn Weaknesses and Help To Improve Them. Understand That Home Life Can Overflow Into Work. Understand That Home Life Can Overflow Into Work. Be Prepared To Deal With Unpredictable Situations. Be Prepared To Deal With Unpredictable Situations. Understand Group Behavior Verses Personal Behavior. Understand Group Behavior Verses Personal Behavior.

29 W HAT D OES T HIS M EAN F OR MANAGEMENT ?  A New Way of Thinking & Acting  Improving Safety Performance by focusing on the cultural and management systems that influence safety behavior.  Using the position of leadership to empower employees at all levels to take responsibility for safety.

30 CARDINAL RULES OF CARING RULE #1 – ALWAYS… (YOU FILL IN THE REST) (YOU FILL IN THE REST) RULE #2 – NEVER… (YOU FILL IN THE REST) RULE #1 – ALWAYS… (YOU FILL IN THE REST) RULE #2 – NEVER… (YOU FILL IN THE REST)

31 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION ! STEVEN D. SANDBROOK, CMSP EAGLE MINE SAFETY P.O. BOX 412 NAZARETH, PA / (CELL 24 hrs.) STEVEN D. SANDBROOK, CMSP EAGLE MINE SAFETY P.O. BOX 412 NAZARETH, PA / (CELL 24 hrs.)


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