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Assessment in 2010 and Beyond: An Australian Perspective A/P Heather Fehring 20 th January 2010
RMIT University©2010 School of Education 2
Assessment Defined “Assessment is the process of identifying, gathering, and interpreting information about students’ learning.” (Winch, et. al, 2006, p. 134) Assessment involves: i)Gathering information using a variety of techniques or strategies to suit the purpose for which the information is required. ii)Analysing the evidence or information to make judgements about a student’s achievements. This requires a teacher to have a knowledge of expected outcomes or standards, as for example, the use of VELS (VCAA, 2006) and the Progression Points. iii)Using the evidence or information to change practices related to curriculum planning and teaching activities to promote further learning. RMIT University©2010 School of Education 3
Purpose of Assessment Winch, et. al., 2006 identifies many purposes of assessment: Identify a starting point for a teacher in a new class Grouping students according to a common need Identifying students’ strengths and weaknesses For reporting purposes at the parent and school levels For reporting purposes at the DEECD (Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, Victoria) or Commonwealth levels (e.g. NAPLAN) Evaluating the effectiveness of a particular program RMIT University©2010 School of Education 4
Influences on Classroom Curriculum s School Level Influences (type of curriculum programme) Community/ State Government Level Influences (VELS, Reading Recovery, Blueprint II) Commonwealth Government Level Influences (NAPLAN, National Curriculum)
Reading Recovery-RR Is a school-based Early Intervention Program developed in New Zealand by Marie Clay (Commenced in 1979). Introduced into Australia 1984. One-on-one teacher – child instruction. Based on an intensive catch-up model of learning. Child is withdrawn from the regular classroom environment. Designed for 6 Year olds after their first year of school. Second opportunity for children having difficulty with literacy learning. Each child receives a daily 30 minute RR session which includes re-reading familiar book/s, letter identification, making and breaking up sentences, writing a story, listening to sounds, cutting up a story, introducing and reading a new book. Each child has 12 – 20 weeks of RR. Average 16 weeks. Children are assessed using the Observational Survey (Marie Clay). The Observation Survey includes: Word Test Letter Identification Writing Vocabulary, Hearing and Recording Sounds Concepts About Print Running Record. RMIT University©2010 School of Education 6
VCAA Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority http://www.vcaa.vic.edu.au Is the authority responsible for P – 10 Curriculum in Victoria, VELS and VCE Years 11 & 12 RMIT University©2010 School of Education 7
RMIT University@2009 School/Department/Area 8
RMIT University©2010 School of Education 9
RMIT University@2009 School/Department/Area 10
RMIT University@2009 School/Department/Area 11
Victorian Essential Learning Skills - VELS RMIT University©2010 School of Education 12
NAPLAN National Assessment Program Literacy and Numeracy NAPLAN replaced AIM (Achievement Improvement Monitor) in Victoria in 2008 NAPLAN tests all Year 3, 5, 7 and 9 students across Australia – 12 th May 2009 – 14 th May 2009. http://www.naplan.edu.au/http://www.naplan.edu.au/ The results were released to the State and Territory Education Departmental Secretaries (Victoria – Peter Dawkins) on 29 th July 2009 However, the report released to the public was 11th September 2009 2009 National Assessment Program. Literacy and Numeracy. NAPLAN Summary Report. Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy. http://www.naplan.edu.au/verve/_resources/2009_NAPLAN_Summary_Report.pdf Access date 17.09.2009http://www.naplan.edu.au/verve/_resources/2009_NAPLAN_Summary_Report.pdf RMIT University©2010 School of Education 13
ACARA Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority ACARA is the new Commonwealth Government organisation leading the change on National Curriculum K- Year 12 across the nation. http://www.acara.edu.au/default.asp Access date 16.09.2009http://www.acara.edu.au/default.asp RMIT University©2010 School of Education 14
Types of Literacy Assessment Techniques Formal Testing - TORCH, AIM, DART, PAT, BURT Informal Assessment – Observations, work samples, cloze, read & retell, Running Records, anecdotal notes, Rubrics, checklists, … Performance Assessment – Debates, role plays, speeches Product Assessment – Units of work, photos, videos Process Assessment – Proof reading & editing, oral reading Self Assessment, Peer Assessment, Group Assessment RMIT University©2010 School of Education 15
NRT – Norm Referenced Test TORCH Tests of Reading Comprehension (Years 3 – 10) PAT-R Progressive Assessment Test - Reading DART Developmental Assessment Resource for Teachers BURT Word Reading Test Neale Analysis of Reading Ability, 3 rd Edition 1999. 6.0 – 12.11. Years of age (Diagnostic Reading Test) RMIT University©2010 School of Education 16
TORCH - Tests of Reading Comprehension 2 nd Edition 2003 Mossenson, L., Stephanou, A., Forster, M., Masters, G., McGregor, M. Anderson, P., Hill, P. Camberwell: ACER 2003 Background Information 1 st edition 1987, Western Australian Education Department Testing stories come from publications ranging from 1955 – 1992 Set of 12 reading tests designed to assess students’ reading comprehension skills from Year 3 – 10. Each answer sheet has a retelling of the passage; Students complete the test by reading the passage and filling in the gaps in the answer sheet (Cloze type activity). Normative Data Norms based on 7,000 children from Years 3 – 10 tested in August 2002 - Australian students. RMIT University©2010 School/ of Education 17
CRT – Criterion Referenced Test A teacher sets a criterion or standard to be reached, For example: Needs to be able to read Level 12 on the Reading Recovery Leveled Books by the end of Year 1 Needs to be able to identify and name 80% of the letters of the alphabet Needs to be able to proofread and edit own work Needs to be able to use a dictionary and a thesaurus Needs to be able to research, plan, prepare and deliver a 5 minute speech to classmates RMIT University©2010 School of Education 18
Informal Reading Assessment Strategies Running Records Read and Retell Checklist Teacher journals and anecdotal notes Cloze Self assessment Peer assessment Concept Maps Work samples Role plays Portfolios (a variety of assessment techniques to build up an holistic perspective) RMIT University©2010 School of Education 19
Reflect for a Moment RMIT University©2010 School of Education 20 How many times must it be said by how many people? “Excellence in teaching is the single most powerful influence on achievement” (Hattie, 2003, p. 4: Hattie, 2005).
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