The Big Question. “how do people of Western civilization, particularly those addressing the environmental crisis, shift from a scarcity paradigm to one that spawns abundance in the context of our environmental realities?” Canty, J.M. (2005) Environmental Healing: Shifting from a Poverty Consciousness. EcoPsychology.org.
The “End of Suburbia effect” or “The Peak Oil Pit”... “Healthy functioning requires that we have faith that our needs will be met in the future; without this confidence, our trust in the world is damaged. Damaged trust can lead to four neurotic reactions that are likely to impact environmental behaviour: narcissism, depression, paranoia and compulsion”. Winter, D.D. & Kroger, S.M. (2004) The Psychology of Environmental Problems. New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Why Don’t People Act? “ Our key finding is that consumers are generally happy to act sustainably where it does not impinge on their key priorities and cause them inconvenience” Holdsworth, M. (2003) Green choice: what choice? Summary of NCC research into consumer attitudes to sustainable consumption. London, National Consumer Council.
Why Do People Act? “in this context, motivating sustainable consumption has to be as much about building supportive communities, promoting inclusive societies, providing meaningful work and encouraging purposeful lives, as it is about awareness raising, fiscal policy and persuasion” Jackson, T. (2005) Motivating Sustainable Consumption – a review of evidence on consumer behaviour and behavioural change. Centre for Environmental Strategy. University of Surrey.
Motivational Interviewing. …constructive behaviour change seems to arise when the person connects it with something of intrinsic value, something important, something cherished. Intrinsic motivation for change arises in an accepting, empowering atmosphere that makes it safe for the person to explore the possibly painful present in relation to what is wanted and valued”. Miller, W.R. & Rollnick, S. (2002) Motivational Interviewing – preparing people for change. New York, The Guilford Press.
Insights from MI. Express empathy Express empathy Develop discrepancy Develop discrepancy Roll with Resistance Roll with Resistance Support self-efficacy Support self-efficacy Offer time and space to digest Offer time and space to digest Information Exchange not Information Dumping Information Exchange not Information Dumping
The FRAMES Model. 1. Feedback of personal risk or impairment 2. Emphasis on personal responsibility for change 3. Clear Advice to Change 4. A Menu of alternative change options 5. Therapeutic empathy as a counseling style 6. Enhancement of client self-efficacy or optimism Miller, W.R. & Sanchez, V.C. (1993) Motivating young adults for treatment and lifestyle change. In: Howard, G. (ed.) Issues in Alcohol Use and Misuse by young adults. Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press.
What is our Role? “our role is to compassionately assist in its death process, trying to ease the burden and pain of its passing. This includes restraining the impulse for revenge among those who see their foundations undermined by the new. For the emerging … society, our role is to compassionately assist in the birth of a new way of acting in the world. As with any birthing process, there will be some pain and trauma associated with the … birth. Our role is to minimise the pain and nurse the new society to full health”. “a dual role, hospice and midwife”. Korten, D.C. (2000) The Post Corporate World – Life After Capitalism. San Fransisco, Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Abdullah, S. (1999) Creating a World That Works for All. San Francisco, Berrett-Koehler Publishers Inc.
3 Scales of Response. International – Oil Depletion Protocol International – Oil Depletion Protocol National – Tradeable Energy Quotas (TEQs) National – Tradeable Energy Quotas (TEQs) Local – Energy Descent Action Plans. Local – Energy Descent Action Plans.
The Story of the Kinsale Energy Descent Action Plan Available to download at www.transitionculture.org
December ‘05 in Kinsale… Notice of Motion This council supports the efforts of the not-for-profit company “Transition Design” in its initiative to act as “Process Leaders” in Kinsale’s transition to a lower energy future and in developing the concept of a “Transition Town” i.e. a town making the transition from fossil-fuel dependency to a state of energy independence.
Tools #1. Open Space Technology. … “there is an urgent need for pilot community-based schemes using participatory tools”. Jackson, T. (2005) Motivating Sustainable Consumption – a review of evidence on consumer behaviour and behavioural change. Centre for Environmental Strategy. University of Surrey.
Tools #2. World Café. “Café to Go!”. A Free Download from http://www.theworldcafe.com/cafetogo.pdf
Tools #4. Despair and Empowerment. “the ecological crisis is real and pending. We cannot overlook its seriousness, nor minimise the importance of grieving as a point of transformation” Macy, J. & Brown, M.Y. (1998) Coming Back to Life: Practices to Reconnect Our Lives, Our World. Gabriola Island, New Society Publishers. “if (people) listen to the shock rather than blot it out, this stirs up the will to change. This becomes their call to adventure”. Johnstone, C. (2006a) Find Your Power. Boost your inner strengths, break through blocks and achieve inspired action. London, Nicholas Brealy Publishing
Tools #5. Parallel Public Infrastructure. “Parallel public infrastructure aims to provide necessary systems that individuals can’t provide themselves. In addition to locally produced products, services should include energy storage, public transport, local money, seed storage, grains, reforestation, general municipal services, information sharing, and other structures that support relocalization and shorten supply chains”. Post Carbon Institute.
Tool #6. Art. "Art does not lie down on the bed that is made for it; it runs away as soon as one says it's name; it loves to be incognito. Its best moments are when it forgets what it is called". Jean Dubuffet.
Tool #7. Oral Histories. “Upstairs I had Jeremy in his cot on my side, so I had an electric torch so that when he woke up I would switch on the torch and then immediately Eric would turn to the candle on his side which you couldn’t have on the side where the baby was, and he’d light the candle to save the battery in the torch. We had a good little system going! So it was candles or torch upstairs and oil lamps downstairs that you had to clean and trim”.
Tools #8. Local ESCOs. Installing Renewable Capacity. Local Investment Mechanism. Creates and backs a local currency. A Localisation Agency in disguise.
Tool #9. Visioning and Backcasting. What might a powered-down future feel like, smell like, taste like? What might a powered-down future feel like, smell like, taste like? How will we get there? How will we get there?
Transition Town Totnes What We Have Done So Far… The Official Unleashing of Transition Town Totnes – 350 people. The Official Unleashing of Transition Town Totnes – 350 people. Skilling Up for Powerdown evening class to train field workers. Skilling Up for Powerdown evening class to train field workers. www.transitiontowns.org/Totnes. www.transitiontowns.org/Totnes. Oral History interviews Oral History interviews A number of talks and film screenings A number of talks and film screenings Working with the Town Council Working with the Town Council Oil Vulnerability Auditing Workshops with local businesses. Oil Vulnerability Auditing Workshops with local businesses.
Transition Town Totnes The Next Steps… “How Totnes Became the Most Wonderful Place on Earth” book project. “How Totnes Became the Most Wonderful Place on Earth” book project. Open Space events Open Space events The Powerdown Party Plan The Powerdown Party Plan An Energy Descent Action Plan An Energy Descent Action Plan A community ESCO A community ESCO Sustainability Indicators project. Sustainability Indicators project.
Transition Town Totnes Subgroups…. Up and Running Heart and Soul – the psychology of change / Medicine and Health / Arts / Food. Heart and Soul – the psychology of change / Medicine and Health / Arts / Food. In formation; Energy, Housing. Energy, Housing.
Other Transition Towns…. Up and running…. Transition Town Penwith, Transition Town Falmouth, Transition Town Moretonhampstead, Transition Town Ivybridge. In formation…. Transition Town Lewes, Transition Town Stroud, Transition Town Lampeter…
Questions for This Evening… How Can TTT help you to achieve your 12 Step Programmes? How Can TTT help you to achieve your 12 Step Programmes? How can you help Transition Town Totnes? How can you help Transition Town Totnes? How can you help each other to achieve your 12 Step Programmes? How can you help each other to achieve your 12 Step Programmes?