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Chapter 17 Section 2 The War for Europe & North Africa.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 Section 2 The War for Europe & North Africa."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 17 Section 2 The War for Europe & North Africa

2 Brainstorm  You’ve been attacked by Japan, where do you concentrate your war efforts, in Europe or the Pacific?  What is your plan?

3 Objectives  1. Summarize the Allies’ plan for winning the war 2.ID events in the war in Europe 3.Describe the liberation of Europe

4 War Plans  FDR & WC spent three weeks together coming up with a plan to defeat the bigger threat, Germany & Italy.

5 The Battle of the Atlantic  German subs along the U.S. Atlantic trying to cut British life line & starve them  month 4/ 87 ships off the Atlantic Coast  month 7/ 681 Allied ships sunk in Atlantic  1943 – Destroyers/convoys/radar/sonar have unbearable effect on U-boats

6 Battle of Stalingrad  1941 Winter bogs down Germans  August 1942 Germans move South toward Industrial city of Stalingrad  Stalin orders to hold city at all cost  9/10 of city taken by house by house with hand to hand combat but winter set in again  1.1 Soviets Die/Germans surrender/West

7 North Africa / Operation Torch  Stalin wants a second Western front  Eisenhower launches Operation Torch / N. Africa  Allied troops land in Morocco & Algeria and push eastward against Rommel the Desert Fox  Over in 1943

8 Italian Campaign  Churchill unlike Americans wants attack to take place in Italy  Allies victorious in 1943  Mussolini arrested by King  Bloody Anzio for 4 months and future resistance from Germany until Germany falls—25k Allies & 30K Axis casualties  Tuskegee Airmen & Buffalo Soldiers

9 D-day or Operation Overlord  June 6, 1944 Eisenhower led 3 million Allied troops to invade at Normandy in Northern France  Fake army to attack at Calais  Parachutes first behind German lines  Largest land-sea air battle  One month--1M troops, 567K tons of supplies & 170K vehicles

10 D-day or Operation Overlord  Bradley’s air & land bombardment at St. Lo allows Patton’s army to move south and liberate Paris which had been captive for 4 years  1944 France, Belgium & Luxembourg free

11 Battle of the Bulge  1944 last German offensive at the Battle of the Bulge (1 month) to retake German land and break Allies supply lines & morale  8 German tank divisions drive into Allied territory / no prisoners  Germans lose 120K troops, 600 tanks, 1600 planes

12 Liberation of Majdanek  Soviets find and liberate death camp  1K starving  German SS troops trying to hide evidence  800K pair of shoes found

13 Victory in Europe Day  April 25, 1945 Soviets storm Berlin  German deserters shot & hanged  Hitler marries Eva Braun  Blames war on Jews & loss of war on German generals  Shoots himself/poison/gas/buried  May 8,1945 V-E day  FDR dies in April / Truman


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