Presentation on theme: "The War for Europe & North Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1The War for Europe & North Africa Chapter 17 Section 2The War for Europe & North Africa
2BrainstormYou’ve been attacked by Japan, where do you concentrate your war efforts, in Europe or the Pacific?What is your plan?
3Objectives 1. Summarize the Allies’ plan for winning the war ID events in the war in EuropeDescribe the liberation of Europe
4War PlansFDR & WC spent three weeks together coming up with a plan to defeat the bigger threat, Germany & Italy.
5The Battle of the Atlantic German subs along the U.S. Atlantic trying to cut British life line & starve them1942--month 4/ 87 ships off the Atlantic Coast1942--month 7/ 681 Allied ships sunk in Atlantic1943 – Destroyers/convoys/radar/sonar have unbearable effect on U-boats
6Battle of Stalingrad 1941 Winter bogs down Germans August 1942 Germans move South toward Industrial city of StalingradStalin orders to hold city at all cost9/10 of city taken by house by house with hand to hand combat but winter set in again1.1 Soviets Die/Germans surrender/West
7North Africa / Operation Torch Stalin wants a second Western frontEisenhower launches Operation Torch / N. AfricaAllied troops land in Morocco & Algeria and push eastward against Rommel the Desert FoxOver in 1943
8Italian CampaignChurchill unlike Americans wants attack to take place in ItalyAllies victorious in 1943Mussolini arrested by KingBloody Anzio for 4 months and future resistance from Germany until Germany falls—25k Allies & 30K Axis casualtiesTuskegee Airmen & Buffalo Soldiers
9D-day or Operation Overlord June 6, 1944 Eisenhower led 3 million Allied troops to invade at Normandy in Northern FranceFake army to attack at CalaisParachutes first behind German linesLargest land-sea air battleOne month--1M troops, 567K tons of supplies & 170K vehicles
10D-day or Operation Overlord Bradley’s air & land bombardment at St. Lo allows Patton’s army to move south and liberate Paris which had been captive for 4 years1944 France, Belgium & Luxembourg free
11Battle of the Bulge1944 last German offensive at the Battle of the Bulge (1 month) to retake German land and break Allies supply lines & morale8 German tank divisions drive into Allied territory / no prisonersGermans lose 120K troops, 600 tanks, 1600 planes
12Liberation of Majdanek Soviets find and liberate death camp1K starvingGerman SS troops trying to hide evidence800K pair of shoes found
13Victory in Europe Day April 25, 1945 Soviets storm Berlin German deserters shot & hangedHitler marries Eva BraunBlames war on Jews & loss of war on German generalsShoots himself/poison/gas/buriedMay 8,1945 V-E dayFDR dies in April / Truman