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Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1 1 The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1 1 The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1 1 The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards

2 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 2 Motivation From the ancient Greeks to the Armed Forces today, the military uniform has represented a long and honorable tradition of devotion to one’s country.

3 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 3 Lesson Overview What does the military uniform symbolize? What is the history of the uniform? How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? What are special team uniforms? What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? What are the insignia of grade?

4 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 4 Quick Write List the first three things you think of when you see a person in uniform.

5 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 5 What does the military uniform symbolize? A public symbol of the nation’s defense forces A long and honorable tradition of devoted service to country Should be worn proudly and properly Key elements for wearing uniform: neatness, cleanliness, safety, military image

6 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 6 What is the history of the uniform? Uniform combines Latin words unus and forma to mean “one form.” Ancient Romans wore togas, a type of uniform. Toga candida—worn by candidates for public office Toga palmata—ceremonial toga Toga praetexta—worn by emperors Toga sordida—worn by lower classes, mourners, and people accused of crimes

7 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 7 What is the history of the uniform? (cont’d) The origin of the military uniform goes back to an early date in Western civilization. Athenian and Spartan soldiers in Greece dressed according to position in military formations. Heavy infantryman Light-foot soldier

8 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 8 What is the history of the uniform? (cont’d) A national army with a standard uniform appeared in England during the Great Rebellion (1642–1646). Red with colored facings to distinguish regiments Adaptations of civilian dress Units identified by colors and standards Distinctive, colorful uniforms for troops serving under wealthy people From this start, the military uniform evolved.

9 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 9 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? The AFJROTC uniform is the same, with certain exceptions, as that worn by active duty Air Force personnel. It is important to honor the uniform and to wear it properly.

10 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 10 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? Cadets may not wear the uniform While hitchhiking, in demonstrations, for crowd control, during political events Cadets may wear the uniform While acting as ushers, parking lot attendants, runners, or at discretion of SASI

11 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 11 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (cont’d) Parts of the Hatch Act bar military personnel from engaging in any form of public political activity while in uniform. These activities include Attending rallies and political speeches and passing out fliers Publicly supporting a political candidate, party, or political issue

12 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 12 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (cont’d) However, members of the military Are encouraged to vote May place political bumper stickers or signs on own vehicles or private property Can participate in political events if not in uniform and if not identifying selves as military members

13 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 13 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (cont’d) Military personnel in uniform also cannot participate in events where it might be implied that the Air Force supports a particular cause. Public speeches, rallies, interviews, picket lines, and marches Activities that might imply Air Force endorsement of a commercial interest Private employment

14 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 14 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (cont’d) Most Air Force Junior ROTC units have published information on the cadet uniform and how to wear it. These are usually based on three publications (see AFJROTC Cyber-Campus Web site): AFI : Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel AFJROTCI : Air Force Junior ROTC Operations AFJROTC Uniform and Awards Guide

15 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 15 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? Service uniform for males Dark blue service coat and trousers Light blue, long-sleeved shirt Dark blue tie Service uniform for females Dark blue service coat with slacks or skirt Light blue blouse Tie tab

16 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 16 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (cont’d) Service uniform for both males and females Form-fitting, properly fitting coat Proper sleeve length Proper coat length Properly fitted trousers or slacks

17 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 17 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (cont’d) Uniform do’s Do wear the standard Air Force uniform properly. Do wear the uniform on the day established by the SASI (usually at least one day each week). Do wear the uniform At other times specified by the SASI When you fly on military aircraft When participating in color guard or drill team

18 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 18 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (cont’d) Do keep shoes polished and shined. Do wear shoes appropriate for the activity. Do keep badges and other metallic devices clean and free of scratches and corrosion.

19 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 19 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (cont’d) Do keep ribbons clean and replace them when they become worn, frayed, or faded. If your unit is in a military high school, do wear the distinctive uniform required by the institution for special occasions or ceremonies.

20 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 20 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards (cont’d) Uniform don’ts Don’t wear the Air Force commissioned officer sleeve braid or officer silver thread on flight caps. Don’t wear the uniform with other clothing. Don’t lend your uniform to someone not a member of AFJROTC program.

21 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 21 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (cont’d) Don’t allow articles such as wallets, pencils, pens, and combs to be visible. Don’t wear earphones or headphones while in uniform, unless required by duty. Don’t carry pagers or cell phones unless required for duty.

22 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 22 What are special team uniforms? Special teams are Color guards Honor guards Saber teams Drill teams Special teams may wear additional uniform items or wear a distinctive, yet conservative, uniform of military style.

23 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 23 What are special team uniforms? Except for color cords, these items or uniforms are worn only when performing duty as a member of a specialized group. Greater latitude is permitted in design of open competition drill team uniforms.

24 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 24 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? Standards for wearing the uniform consist of four elements. Neatness Cleanliness Safety Military image

25 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 25 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Jewelry standards Cadets in uniform may wear A wristwatch Rings, but no more than three at one time A neat, conservative wrist bracelet no wider than one inch Female cadets may wear conservative earrings. Male cadets may not wear earrings.

26 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 26 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Eyeglasses or sunglasses Must have conservative frames and lenses Must not be faddish or have mirrored lenses Cannot be worn around neck while in uniform

27 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 27 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d ) Tattoos or brands cannot be obscene or advocate discrimination. Excessive tattoos or brands will not be exposed or visible while in uniform. No objects may be displayed through nose, tongue, or any exposed body part.

28 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 28 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Specific female cadet guidelines Hair No longer than bottom of collar edge at back of neck Conservative style Should look professional and allow headgear to be worn properly Must not be too full or high on head Plain (if any) pins, combs, barrettes, etc.

29 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 29 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Length of skirt may not vary beyond top and bottom of kneecap. Skirt should fit smoothly, should hang naturally, and must not be excessively tight. Hosiery must be worn with the skirt.

30 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 30 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Specific male cadet guidelines: Hair Must be clean, neat, and trimmed Must not contain large amounts of grooming aids that remain visible in hair Should not touch ears or eyebrows

31 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 31 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Specific male cadet guidelines: Hair Should not touch collar, except for closely cut or shaved hair on back of neck Should not exceed 1¼ inches in bulk regardless of length

32 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 32 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (cont’d) Must not protrude below the front band of headgear Must have tapered appearance on sides and back Must not have bulk or length that interferes with wearing headgear properly May not have foreign items attached May have sideburns if they are straight, are of even width, and end in a clean, horizontal line Must not have extreme or faddish styles or colors

33 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 33 What are the insignia of grade? Active duty insignia of grade An insignia is a badge or mark of office or honor. The Air Force grade insignia system is broken down into two categories: Officer grades Enlisted grades Enlisted grades are subdivided into two categories: Noncommissioned Officers (NCO) Airman grades

34 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 34 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d)

35 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 35 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d)

36 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 36 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d)

37 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 37 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Proper methods of address when speaking to officers “Lieutenant” for a Second Lieutenant and a First Lieutenant “Colonel” for either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Colonel “General” for all generals Use full titles for official correspondence.

38 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 38 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Noncommissioned Officers (NCOs) Airmen serving in the grade of staff sergeant through chief master sergeant

39 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 39 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Proper methods of address when speaking to NCOs “Chief” for a Chief Master Sergeant “Sergeant” for all other sergeants Use full titles in official correspondence.

40 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 40 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Five Noncommissioned Officer grade insignias Inverted and curved chevron Blue background of chevrons Silver stripes with silver star in center BDU insignia: dark blue stripes on green background with dark blue star First sergeants: diamond device above star on chevrons

41 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 41 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) First sergeants may hold the rank of Master Sergeant (MSgt), Senior Master Sergeant (SMSgt), or Chief Master Sergeant (CMSgt). These top senior NCOs hold a position of trust and responsibility as the link between the commander and the unit personnel.

42 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 42 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Responsibilities of first sergeants Ensuring that enlisted personnel know their commander's policies Representing the interests of enlisted personnel to the commander Promoting enlisted personnel’s welfare, morale, and health Maintaining discipline and standards of conduct Providing guidance on leadership, military justice, and customs and courtesies

43 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 43 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) The Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force (CMSAF) Holds highest position of any enlisted personnel Acts as personal advisor to Air Force Chief of Staff and Secretary of the Air Force Provides information about welfare, effectiveness, and progress of enlisted force

44 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 44 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) The four Airman grades Airman Basic (AB) Airman (Amn) Airman First Class (A1C) Senior Airman (SrA) For enlisted grades, the pay grade is always one more than the number of stripes.

45 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 45 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Air Force Junior ROTC insignia of grade For officer grades, active duty grade insignia are very different from cadet grade insignia. For enlisted grades, there are only slight differences between active duty insignia and Junior ROTC insignia.

46 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 46 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d)

47 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 47 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Cadet enlisted grade insignia Cadet Airman—pointed chevron of 1 stripe, with torch in the middle Cadet Airman First Class—pointed chevron of 2 stripes, with torch in the middle Cadet Senior Airman—pointed chevron of 3 stripes, with torch in the middle Cadet Staff Sergeant—pointed chevron of 4 stripes, with torch in the middle

48 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 48 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Cadet Technical Sergeant — pointed chevron of 5 stripes, with torch in the middle Cadet Master Sergeant — pointed chevron of 6 stripes, with one stripe inverted above the torch in the middle Cadet Senior Master Sergeant — pointed chevron of 7 stripes, with two stripes inverted above the torch in the middle Cadet Chief Master Sergeant — pointed chevron of 8 stripes, with three stripes inverted above the torch in the middle

49 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 49 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d) Cadets, like active duty personnel, may also wear other insignia (badges). There are also ribbons authorized for wear on the Air Force Junior ROTC uniform, as they are awarded.

50 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 50 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d)

51 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 51 What are the insignia of grade? (cont’d)

52 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 52 Lesson review The military uniform is the public symbol of our nation's defense forces. The military uniform evolved over centuries. It is important to know how to wear the Air Force uniform properly. Certain restrictions apply to wearing the military uniform.

53 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 53 Lesson review (cont’d) The AFJROTC uniform is similar to that of active duty Air Force personnel. Most AFJROTC units have published information on the cadet uniform and how to wear it. Special teams may wear additional uniform items.

54 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 54 Lesson review (cont’d) Drill team uniforms allow greater flexibility for completing routines. There are guidelines for appearance and grooming for male and female cadets. The standards for wearing the uniform are neatness, cleanliness, safety, and military image.

55 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 55 Lesson review (cont’d) Grade insignia identify the rank of each member of the Armed Forces. The Air Force grade insignia system is broken down into officer grades and enlisted grades. Enlisted grades are subdivided into Noncommissioned Officers (NCO) and airman grades.

56 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 56 Lesson review (cont’d) For enlisted grades, JROTC cadet grade insignia and Air Force active duty grade insignia vary only slightly. For officer grades, JROTC cadet grade insignia and Air Force active duty grade insignia are very different from each other.

57 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 57 Summary What does the military uniform symbolize? What is the history of the uniform? How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? What are the AFJROTC uniform standards?

58 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 58 Summary (cont’d) What are special team uniforms? What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? What are the insignia of grade?

59 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 59 Next Done—The military uniform and appearance standards Next—Customs and courtesies for Air Force Junior ROTC


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